HSK ResourcesHSK Word Lists

HSK Level 1 Vocabulary List

This page contains the HSK 1 word list, outlining the vocabulary terms introduced at level 1 of the HSK

Vocabulary Term English Meaning

ài
to love; to be fond of; to like; affection; to be inclined (to do sth); to tend to (happen)

eight; 8

 ba
(informal) father; CL: | (), (wèi)

bēi zi
cup; glass; CL: | (), (zhī), (zhī)

běi jīng
Beijing, capital of People's Republic of China; Peking; PRC government

běn
root; stem; origin; source; this; the current; original; inherent; originally; classifier for books, periodicals, files etc

(negative prefix); not; no

  qi
you're welcome; don't mention it; impolite; rude; blunt

cài
dish (type of food); vegetable; cuisine; CL: | (pán), (dào); (coll.) (one's) type

chá
tea; tea plant; CL: (bēi), | ()

chī
to eat; to consume; to eat at (a cafeteria etc); to eradicate; to destroy; to absorb; to suffer; to stammer (Taiwan pr. for this sense is [ji2])

chū  chē
taxi; (Taiwan) rental car

 diàn huà
to make a telephone call

big; huge; large; major; great; wide; deep; older (than); oldest; eldest; greatly; very much; (dialect) father; father's elder or younger brother

de
of; ~'s (possessive particle); (used after an attribute); (used to form a nominal expression); (used at the end of a declarative sentence for emphasis)

diǎn
point; dot; drop; speck; o'clock; point (in space or time); to draw a dot; to check on a list; to choose; to order (food in a restaurant); to touch briefly; to hint; to light; to ignite; to pour a liquid drop by drop; (old) one fifth of a two-hour watch (gēng); dot stroke in Chinese characters; classifier for items

diàn nǎo
computer; CL: | (tái)

diàn shì
television; TV; CL: | (tái), | ()

diàn yǐng
movie; film; CL: (), (piàn), (), | (chǎng)
西
dōng xi
thing; stuff; person; CL: | (), (jiàn)

dōu
all; both; entirely; (used for emphasis) even; already; (not) at all

to read; to study; reading of word (i.e. pronunciation), similar to (pīn yīn)

duì bu 
unworthy; to let down; I'm sorry; excuse me; pardon me; if you please; sorry? (please repeat)

duō
many; much; often; a lot of; numerous; more; in excess; how (to what extent); multi-; Taiwan pr: duó when it means "how"

duō shǎo
number; amount; somewhat

ér zi
son

èr
two; 2; (Beijing dialect) stupid

fàn guǎn
restaurant; CL: (jiā)

fēi 
airplane; CL: (jià)

fēn zhōng
minute

gāo xìng
happy; glad; willing (to do sth); in a cheerful mood

individual; this; that; size; classifier for people or objects in general

gōng zuò
to work; (of a machine) to operate; job; work; task; CL: | (), (fèn), | (xiàng)

gǒu
dog; CL: | (zhī), | (tiáo)

hàn 
Chinese language; CL: | (mén)

hǎo
good; well; proper; good to; easy to; very; so; (suffix indicating completion or readiness); (of two people) close; on intimate terms

to drink; My goodness!

and; together with; with; sum; union; peace; harmony; Taiwan pr: hàn when it means "and" or "with"; surname He; Japanese (food, clothes etc)

hěn
(adverb of degree); quite; very; awfully

huí
to circle; to go back; to turn around; to answer; to return; to revolve; Hui ethnic group (Chinese Muslims); time; classifier for acts of a play; section or chapter (of a classic book)

huì
can; to be possible; to be able to; will; to be likely to; to be sure to; to assemble; to meet; to gather; to see; union; group; association; CL: | (); a moment (Taiwan pr. for this sense is [hui3])

huǒ chē zhàn
train station

jiā
home; family; (polite) my (sister, uncle etc); classifier for families or businesses; refers to the philosophical schools of pre-Han China; noun suffix for a specialist in some activity, such as a musician or revolutionary, corresponding to English -ist, -er, -ary or -ian; CL: | (); surname Jia

jiào
to shout; to call; to order; to ask; to be called; by (indicates agent in the passive mood)

jīn tiān
today; at the present; now

jiǔ
nine; 9

kāi
to open; to start; to turn on; to boil; to write out (a prescription, check, invoice etc); to operate (a vehicle); carat (gold); abbr. for Kelvin, | (kāi ěr wén); abbr. for | (kāi běn), book format

kàn jiàn
to see; to catch sight of

kuài
lump (of earth); chunk; piece; classifier for pieces of cloth, cake, soap etc; (coll.) classifier for money and currency units

lái
to come; to arrive; to come round; ever since; next

lǎo shī
teacher; CL: | (), (wèi)

le
(modal particle intensifying preceding clause); (completed action marker)

lěng
cold; surname Leng

lining; interior; inside; internal; Also written: 裏|里[li3]

líng
zero; nought; zero sign; fractional; fragmentary; odd (of numbers); (placed between two numbers to indicate a smaller quantity followed by a larger one); fraction; (in mathematics) remainder (after division); extra; to wither and fall; to wither

liù
six; 6

 ma
mama; mommy; mother; CL: | (), (wèi)

ma
(question particle for "yes-no" questions)

mǎi
to buy; to purchase

māo
cat; CL: | (zhī); (dialect) to hide oneself; (coll.) modem

méi
(negative prefix for verbs); have not; not

méi guān xi
it doesn't matter

 fàn
(cooked) rice

míng tiān
tomorrow

míng zi
name (of a person or thing); CL: | ()

how; which

 r
where?; wherever; anywhere

that; those; then (in that case); commonly pr. [nei4] before a classifier, esp. in Beijing

 r
there

ne
particle indicating that a previously asked question is to be applied to the preceding word ("What about ...?", "And ...?"); particle for inquiring about location ("Where is ...?"); particle signaling a pause, to emphasize the preceding words and allow the listener time to take them on board ("ok?", "are you with me?"); (at the end of a declarative sentence) particle indicating continuation of a state or action; particle indicating strong affirmation

néng
can; to be able to; might possibly; ability; (physics) energy; surname Neng

you (informal, as opposed to courteous (nín))

nián
year; CL: | (); surname Nian

 ér
daughter

péng you
friend; CL: | (), (wèi)

piào liang
pretty; beautiful

píng guǒ
apple; CL: | (), | ()

seven; 7

qián
coin; money; CL: | (); unit of weight, one tenth of a tael | (liǎng); surname Qian

qián miàn
ahead; in front; preceding; above

qǐng
to ask; to invite; please (do sth); to treat (to a meal etc); to request

to go; to go to (a place); (of a time etc) last; just passed; to send; to remove; to get rid of; to reduce; to be apart from in space or time; to die (euphemism); to play (a part); (when used either before or after a verb) to go in order to do sth; (after a verb of motion indicates movement away from the speaker); (used after certain verbs to indicate detachment or separation)

to warm up; to heat up; hot (of weather); heat; fervent

rén
man; person; people; CL: | (), (wèi)

rèn shi
to know; to recognize; to be familiar with; to get acquainted with sb; knowledge; understanding; awareness; cognition

sun; day; date, day of the month; abbr. for ( běn), Japan

sān
three; 3; surname San

shāng diàn
store; shop; CL: (jiā), | ()

shàng 
morning; CL: | ()

shǎo
few; less; to lack; to be missing; to stop (doing sth); seldom

shéi
who; also pr: shuí

shén me
what?; who?; something; anything

shí
ten; 10

shí hou
time; length of time; moment; period

shì
is; are; am; yes; to be

shū
book; letter; document; CL: (běn), | (), (); to write; abbr. for | (shū jīng)

shuǐ
water; river; liquid; beverage; additional charges or income; (of clothes) classifier for number of washes; surname Shui

shuì jiào
to go to bed; to sleep

shuō huà
to speak; to say; to talk; to gossip; to tell stories; talk; word

four; 4

suì
classifier for years (of age); year; year (of crop harvests)

he or him; (used for either sex when the sex is unknown or unimportant); (used before sb's name for emphasis); (used as a meaningless mock object); other; another

she

tài
highest; greatest; too (much); very; extremely

tiān 
weather

tīng
to listen; to hear; to obey; a can (loanword from English "tin"); classifier for canned beverages

tóng xué
to study at the same school; fellow student; classmate; CL: (wèi), | ()

wèi
hey; to feed (an animal, baby, invalid etc)

I; me; my

 men
we; us; ourselves; our

five; 5

 huan
to like; to be fond of

xià
down; downwards; below; lower; later; next (week etc); second (of two parts); to decline; to go down; to arrive at (a decision, conclusion etc); measure word to show the frequency of an action

xià 
afternoon; CL: | (); p.m.

xià 
to rain

xiān sheng
teacher; husband; doctor (dialect); CL: (wèi); Mister (Mr.)

xiàn zài
now; at present; at the moment; modern; current; nowadays

xiǎng
to think; to believe; to suppose; to wish; to want; to miss (feel wistful about the absence of sb or sth)

xiǎo
small; tiny; few; young

xiǎo jie
young lady; miss; (slang) prostitute; CL: | (), (wèi)

xiē
some; few; several; measure word indicating a small amount or small number (greater than 1)

xiě
to write

xiè xie
to thank; thanks; thank you

xīng 
week; CL: | (); day of the week; Sunday

xué sheng
student; schoolchild

xué 
to learn; to study

xué xiào
school; CL: (suǒ)

one; 1; single; a (article); as soon as; entire; whole; all; throughout; "one" radical in Chinese characters (Kangxi radical 1); also pr: yāo for greater clarity when spelling out numbers digit by digit

 fu
clothes; CL: (jiàn), (tào)

 shēng
doctor; CL: | (), (wèi), (míng)

 yuàn
hospital; CL: (suǒ), (jiā), (zuò)

 zi
chair; CL: (), (tào)

yǒu
to have; there is; there are; to exist; to be

yuè
moon; month; monthly; CL: | (), | (lún)

zài
(located) at; (to be) in; to exist; in the middle of doing sth; (indicating an action in progress)

zài jiàn
goodbye; see you again later

zěn me
how?; what?; why?

zěn me yàng
how?; how about?; how was it?; how are things?

zhè
this; these; (commonly pr. [zhei4] before a classifier, esp. in Beijing)

zhè r
here

zhōng guó
China

zhōng 
noon; midday; CL: | ()

zhù
to live; to dwell; to stay; to reside; to stop; (suffix indicating firmness, steadiness, or coming to a halt)

zhuō zi
table; desk; CL: | (zhāng), (tào)

letter; symbol; character; word; CL: | (); courtesy or style name traditionally given to males aged 20 in dynastic China

zuó tiān
yesterday

zuò
to do; to make; to produce; to write; to compose; to act as; to engage in; to hold (a party); to be; to become; to function (in some capacity); to serve as; to be used for; to form (a bond or relationship); to pretend; to feign; to act a part; to put on appearance

zuò
to sit; to take a seat; to take (a bus, airplane etc); to bear fruit; variant of (zuò); surname Zuo