HSK ResourcesHSK Word Lists

HSK Level 3 Vocabulary List

This page contains the HSK 3 word list, outlining the vocabulary terms introduced at level 3 of the HSK

Vocabulary Term English Meaning

ā 
maternal aunt; step-mother; childcare worker; nursemaid; woman of similar age to one's parents (term of address used by child); CL: | ()

a
modal particle ending sentence, showing affirmation, approval, or consent

ǎi
low; short (in length)

ài hào
to like; to take pleasure in; keen on; fond of; interest; hobby; appetite for; CL: | ()

ān jìng
quiet; peaceful; calm

to hold; to contain; to grasp; to take hold of; handle; particle marking the following noun as a direct object; classifier for objects with handle; classifier for small objects: handful

bān
team; class; squad; work shift; ranking; CL: | (); classifier for groups; surname Ban

bān
to move (i.e. relocate oneself); to move (sth relatively heavy or bulky); to shift; to copy indiscriminately

bàn
half; semi-; incomplete; (after a number) and a half

bàn 
means; method; way (of doing sth); CL: | (tiáo), | ()

bàn gōng shì
office; business premises; bureau; CL: | (jiān)

bāng máng
to help; to lend a hand; to do a favor; to do a good turn

bāo
to cover; to wrap; to hold; to include; to take charge of; to contract (to or for); package; wrapper; container; bag; to hold or embrace; bundle; packet; CL: | (), | (zhī); surname Bao

bǎo
to eat till full; satisfied

běi fāng
north; the northern part a country; China north of the Yellow River

bèi
the back of a body or object; to turn one's back; to hide something from; to learn by heart; to recite from memory; unlucky (slang); hard of hearing

 zi
nose; CL: | (), | (zhī)

 jiào
to compare; to contrast; comparatively; relatively; quite; comparison

 sài
competition (sports etc); match; CL: | (chǎng), ()

 
to have to; must; compulsory; necessarily

biàn huà
change; variation; to change; to vary; CL: | ()

biǎo shì
to express; to show; to say; to state; to indicate; to mean

biǎo yǎn
play; show; performance; exhibition; to perform; to act; to demonstrate; CL: | (chǎng)

bīn guǎn
guesthouse; lodge; hotel; CL: | (), (jiā)

bīng xiāng
icebox; freezer cabinet; refrigerator; CL: | (tái), | ()

cái
ability; talent; sb of a certain type; a capable individual; only; only then; just now

cài dān
menu; CL: (fèn), | (zhāng)

cān jiā
to participate; to take part; to join

cǎo
grass; straw; manuscript; draft (of a document); careless; rough; CL: (), (zuǒ), (zhū), (gēn)

céng
layer; stratum; laminated; floor (of a building); storey; classifier for layers; repeated; sheaf (math.)

chà
to differ from; to fall short of; lacking; wrong; inferior

chāo shì
supermarket; abbr. for 超級市場|超级市场; CL: (jiā)

chèn shān
shirt; blouse; CL: (jiàn)

chéng 
achievement; performance records; grades; CL: | (xiàng), | ()

chéng shì
city; town; CL: (zuò)

chí dào
to arrive late

chū xiàn
to appear; to arise; to emerge; to show up

chú fáng
kitchen; CL: | (jiān)

chú le
besides; apart from (... also...); in addition to; except (for)

chūn
spring (time); gay; joyful; youthful; love; lust; life; surname Chun

 
word (general term including monosyllables through to short phrases); term (e.g. technical term); expression

cōng ming
intelligent; clever; bright; smart; acute (of sight and hearing)

 sǎo
to clean; to sweep

 suàn
to plan; to intend; to calculate; plan; intention; calculation; CL: | ()

dài
band; belt; girdle; ribbon; tire; area; zone; region; CL: | (tiáo); to wear; to carry; to take along; to bear (i.e. to have); to lead; to bring; to look after; to raise

dān xīn
anxious; worried; uneasy; to worry; to be anxious

dàn gāo
cake; CL: | (kuài), | ()

dāng rán
only natural; as it should be; certainly; of course; without doubt

de
-ly; structural particle: used before a verb or adjective, linking it to preceding modifying adverbial adjunct

dēng
lamp; light; lantern; CL: | (zhǎn)

low; beneath; to lower (one's head); to let droop; to hang down; to incline

 fang
area; place; space; room; territory; CL: | (chù), | (), | (kuài)

 tiě
subway; metro

 
map; CL: | (zhāng), (běn)

diàn 
elevator; escalator; CL: | (tái), ()

diàn  yóu jiàn
email; CL: (fēng), (fèn)

dōng
east; host (i.e. sitting on east side of guest); landlord; surname Dong

dōng
winter

dòng 
animal; CL: | (zhī), (qún), | ()

duǎn
short; brief; to lack; weak point; fault

duàn
paragraph; section; segment; stage (of a process); classifier for stories, periods of time, lengths of thread etc; surname Duan

duàn liàn
to toughen; to temper; to engage in physical exercise; to work out; (fig.) to develop one's skills; to train oneself

duō me
how (wonderful etc); what (a great idea etc); however (difficult it may be etc); (in interrogative sentences) how (much etc); to what extent
饿
è
to be hungry; hungry; to starve (sb)

ér qiě
(not only ...) but also; moreover; in addition; furthermore

ěr duo
ear; CL: | (zhī), | (), | (duì); handle (on a cup)

 shāo
to have a high temperature (from illness); to have a fever

 xiàn
to find; to discover
便
fāng biàn
convenient; suitable; to facilitate; to make things easy; having money to spare; (euphemism) to relieve oneself

fàng
to put; to place; to release; to free; to let go; to let out; to set off (fireworks)

fàng xīn
to feel relieved; to feel reassured; to be at ease

fēn
to divide; to separate; to distribute; to allocate; to distinguish (good and bad); part or subdivision; fraction; one tenth (of certain units); unit of length equivalent to 0.33 cm; minute; a point (in sports or games); 0.01 yuan (unit of money)

 jìn
(in the) vicinity; nearby; neighboring; next to

 
to review; revision; CL: ()

gān jìng
clean; neat

gǎn
to dare; daring; (polite) may I venture

gǎn mào
to catch cold; (common) cold; CL: | (cháng), (); (coll.) to be interested in (often used in the negative); (Tw) to detest; can't stand

gāng cái
just now; a moment ago

gēn
heel; to follow closely; to go with; (of a woman) to marry sb; with; compared with; to; towards; and (joining two nouns)

gēn 
according to; based on; basis; foundation; CL: | ()

gōng yuán
park (for public recreation); CL: | (), (zuò)

guā fēng
to be windy

guān
mountain pass; to close; to shut; to turn off; to concern; to involve; surname Guan

guān xi
relation; relationship; to concern; to affect; to have to do with; guanxi; CL: | ()

guān xīn
to be concerned about; to care about

guān 
pertaining to; concerning; with regard to; about; a matter of

guó jiā
country; nation; state; CL: | ()

guǒ zhī
fruit juice

guò qu
(verb suffix)

hái shi
or; still; nevertheless; had better

hài 
to be afraid; to be scared

river; CL: | (tiáo), (dào)

hēi bǎn
blackboard; CL: | (kuài), | ()

 zhào
passport; CL: (běn), | ()

huā
flower; blossom; CL: (duǒ), (zhī), (shù), (), (pén), (); fancy pattern; florid; to spend (money, time); surname Hua

huā yuán
garden; CL: (zuò), | ()

huà
to draw; picture; painting; CL: (), | (zhāng); classifier for paintings etc; variant of | (huà)

huài
bad; spoiled; broken; to break down; (suffix) to the utmost

huán jìng
environment; circumstances; surroundings; CL: | (); ambient

huàn
to exchange; to change (clothes etc); to substitute; to switch; to convert (currency)

huáng
yellow; pornographic; to fall through; surname Huang or Hwang

huì 
meeting; conference; CL: | (chǎng), | (jiè)

huò zhě
or; possibly; maybe; perhaps

 
almost; nearly; practically

 huì
opportunity; chance; occasion; CL: | ()

extremely; pole (geography, physics); utmost; top

how much; how many; several; a few

 de
to remember

 jié
time; season; period; CL: | ()

jiǎn chá
inspection; to examine; to inspect; CL: ()

jiǎn dān
simple; not complicated

jiàn kāng
health; healthy

jiàn miàn
to meet; to see each other; CL: ()

jiǎng
to speak; to explain; to negotiate; to emphasise; to be particular about; as far as sth is concerned; speech; lecture

jiāo
to teach

jiǎo
foot; leg (of an animal or an object); base (of an object); CL: | (shuāng), | (zhī); classifier for kicks

jiǎo
angle; corner; horn; horn-shaped; unit of money equal to 0.1 yuan; CL: | ()

jiē
to receive; to answer (the phone); to meet or welcome sb; to connect; to catch; to join; to extend; to take one's turn on duty; to take over for sb

jiē dào
street; CL: | (tiáo); subdistrict; residential district

jié hūn
to marry; to get married; CL: ()

jié 
program; item (on a program); CL: | (tái), | (), (tào)

jié 
holiday; festival; CL: | ()

jié shù
termination; to finish; to end; to conclude; to close

jiě jué
to settle (a dispute); to resolve; to solve; to dispose of; to dispatch

jiè
to lend; to borrow; by means of; to take (an opportunity)

jìn
near; close to; approximately

jīng cháng
frequently; constantly; regularly; often; day-to-day; everyday; daily

jīng guò
to pass; to go through; process; course; CL: | ()

jīng 
manager; director; CL: | (), (wèi), (míng)

jiǔ
(long) time; (long) duration of time

jiù
old; opposite: new 新; former; worn (with age)

 xíng
to hold (a meeting, ceremony etc)

 zi
sentence; CL: | ()

jué dìng
to decide (to do something); to resolve; decision; CL: | (), | (xiàng); certainly

kàn
to see; to look at; to read; to watch; to visit; to call on; to consider; to regard as; to look after; to treat (an illness); to depend on; to feel (that); (after verb) to give it a try; Watch out! (for a danger)

thirsty

 ài
adorable; cute; lovely

quarter (hour); moment; to carve; to engrave; to cut; oppressive; classifier for short time intervals

 rén
visitor; guest; customer; client; CL: (wèi)

kōng tiáo
air conditioning; air conditioner (including units that have a heating mode); CL: | (tái)

kǒu
mouth; classifier for things with mouths (people, domestic animals, cannons, wells etc); classifier for bites or mouthfuls

to cry; to weep

 zi
trousers; pants; CL: | (tiáo)

kuài zi
chopsticks; CL: | (duì), (gēn), (), | (shuāng)

lán
blue; indigo plant; surname Lan

lǎo
prefix used before the surname of a person or a numeral indicating the order of birth of the children in a family or to indicate affection or familiarity; old (of people); venerable (person); experienced; of long standing; always; all the time; of the past; very; outdated; (of meat etc) tough

 kāi
to depart; to leave

 
gift; present; CL: (jiàn), | (), (fèn)

 shǐ
history; CL: | (mén), (duàn)

liǎn
face; CL: | (zhāng), | ()

liàn 
to practice; exercise; drill; practice; CL: | ()

liàng
classifier for vehicles

liǎo jiě
to understand; to realize; to find out

lín 
neighbor; next door; CL: | ()

lóu
house with more than 1 story; storied building; floor; CL: | (céng), (zuò), | (dòng); surname Lou
绿
green

horse; CL: (); horse or cavalry piece in Chinese chess; knight in Western chess; surname Ma; abbr. for Malaysia 西|西 ( lái )

mǎn 
satisfied; pleased; to one's satisfaction

mào zi
hat; cap; (fig.) label; bad name; CL: | (dǐng)

rice; CL: (); meter (classifier); surname Mi

miàn bāo
bread; CL: (piàn), (dài), | (kuài)

miàn tiáo
noodles

míng bai
clear; obvious; unequivocal; to understand; to realize

to hold; to seize; to catch; to apprehend; to take; (used in the same way as (): to mark the following noun as a direct object)

nǎi nai
(informal) grandma (paternal grandmother); (respectful) mistress of the house; CL: (wèi); (coll.) boobies; breasts

nán
difficult (to...); problem; difficulty; difficult; not good

nán
south; surname Nan

nán guò
to feel sad; to feel unwell; (of life) to be difficult

nián 
grade; year (in school, college etc); CL: | ()

nián qīng
young

niǎo
bird; CL: | (zhī), (qún); (dialect) to pay attention to; (intensifier) damned; goddam

 
great effort; to strive; to try hard

 shān
to climb a mountain; to mountaineer; hiking; mountaineering

pán zi
tray; plate; dish; CL: | ()

pàng
fat; plump

 jiǔ
beer (loanword); CL: (bēi), (píng), (guàn), (tǒng), (gāng)

 tao
grape

 tōng huà
Mandarin (common language); Putonghua (common speech of the Chinese language); ordinary speech

to ride (an animal or bike); to sit astride; classifier for saddle-horses

 guài
strange; odd; to marvel; to be baffled

 shí
actually; in fact; really

 
other; (sth or sb) else; the rest

qiān 
(lead) pencil; CL: (zhī), (zhī), | (gǎn)

qīng chu
clear; distinct; to understand thoroughly; to be clear about

qiū
autumn; fall; harvest time; a swing; surname Qiu

qún zi
skirt; CL: | (tiáo)

rán hòu
after; then (afterwards); after that; afterwards

 qíng
cordial; enthusiastic; passion; passionate; passionately

rèn wéi
to believe; to think; to consider; to feel

rèn zhēn
conscientious; earnest; serious; to take seriously; to take to heart

róng 
easy; likely; liable (to)

 guǒ
if; in case; in the event that

sǎn
umbrella; parasol; CL: ()

shàng wǎng
to go online; to connect to the Internet; (of a document etc) to be uploaded to the Internet; (tennis, volleyball etc) to move in close to the net

shēng 
to get angry; to take offense; angry; vitality; liveliness

shēng yīn
voice; sound; CL: | ()
使
shǐ
to make; to cause; to enable; to use; to employ; to send; to instruct sb to do sth; envoy; messenger

shì jiè
world; CL: | ()

shòu
thin; to lose weight; (of clothing) tight; (of meat) lean; (of land) unproductive

shū fu
comfortable; feeling well

shū shu
father's younger brother; uncle; Taiwan pr: shú shu; CL: | ()

shù
tree; CL: (); to cultivate; to set up

shù xué
mathematics; mathematical

shuā 
to brush one's teeth

shuāng
two; double; pair; both; even (number); surname Shuang

shuǐ píng
level (of achievement etc); standard; horizontal

 
chauffeur; driver; CL: | ()

suī rán
although; even though; even if

tài yang
sun; CL: | (); abbr. for | (tài yáng xué)

táng
sugar; sweets; candy; CL: | (), | (kuài)

 bié
especially; special; particular; unusual

téng
(it) hurts; sore; to love dearly

 gāo
to raise; to increase; to improve

 
sports; physical education

tián
sweet

tiáo
strip; item; article; clause (of law or treaty); classifier for long thin things (ribbon, river, road, trousers etc)

tóng shì
colleague; co-worker; CL: | (), (wèi)

tóng 
to agree; to consent; to approve

tóu fa
hair (on the head)

 rán
sudden; abrupt; unexpected

 shū guǎn
library; CL: (jiā), | ()

tuǐ
leg; CL: | (tiáo)

wán chéng
to complete; to accomplish

wǎn
bowl; cup; CL: | (zhī), | ()

wàn
ten thousand; a great number; surname Wan

wàng 
to forget

wèi
position; location; place; seat; classifier for people (honorific); classifier for binary bits (e.g. 十六位 16-bit or 2 bytes)

wèi
because of; for; to

wèi le
in order to; for the purpose of; so as to

wén huà
culture; civilization; cultural; CL: | (), | (zhǒng)
西
west; the West; abbr. for Spain 西 ( bān ); Spanish

 guàn
habit; custom; usual practice; to be used to; CL: | ()

 shǒu jiān
toilet; lavatory; washroom

 zǎo
to bathe; to take a shower

xià
summer; the Xia or Hsia dynasty c. 2000 BC; Xia of the Sixteen Kingdoms (407-432); surname Xia

xiān
early; prior; former; in advance; first

xiāng jiāo
banana; CL: (zhī), (gēn), | (), ()

xiāng tóng
identical; same

xiāng xìn
to be convinced (that sth is true); to believe; to accept sth as true

xiàng
towards; to face; to turn towards; direction; to support; to side with; shortly before; formerly; always; all along; surname Xiang

xiǎo xīn
to be careful; to take care

xiào zhǎng
(college, university) president; headmaster; CL: | (), (wèi), (míng)

xié
shoe; CL: | (shuāng), | (zhī)

xīn wén
news; CL: | (tiáo), | ()

xīn xiān
fresh (experience, food etc); freshness; novel; uncommon

xìn
letter; mail; CL: (fēng); to trust; to believe; to profess faith in; truthful; confidence; trust; at will; at random

xíng li xiāng
suitcase; baggage compartment; overhead bin; (car) trunk; boot

xìng 
interest (desire to know about sth); interest (thing in which one is interested); hobby; CL: | ()

xióng māo
panda; CL: | (zhī)

 yào
to need; to want; to demand; to require; requirement; need

xuǎn 
to select; to pick; choice; option; alternative

yǎn jìng
spectacles; eyeglasses; CL: ()

yāo qiú
to request; to require; to stake a claim; to ask; to demand; CL: | (diǎn)

 ye
(coll.) father's father; paternal grandfather; CL: | ()

 bān
same; ordinary; so-so; common; general; generally; in general

 biān
one side; either side; on the one hand; on the other hand; doing while

 dìng
surely; certainly; necessarily; fixed; a certain (extent etc); given; particular; must

 gòng
altogether

 huì r
a moment; a while; in a moment; now...now...; also pr: huǐ r

 yàng
same; like; equal to; the same as; just like

 zhí
straight (in a straight line); continuously; always; from the beginning of ... up to ...; all along

 hòu
after; later; afterwards; following; later on; in the future

 qián
before; formerly; previous; ago

 wéi
to believe; to think; to consider; to be under the impression

yīn yuè
music; CL: | (zhāng), (), (duàn)

yín háng
bank; CL: (jiā), | ()

yīng gāi
ought to; should; must

yǐng xiǎng
influence; effect; to influence; to affect (usually adversely); to disturb; CL: ()

yòng
to use; to employ; to have to; to eat or drink; expense or outlay; usefulness; hence; therefore

yóu 
game; CL: | (chǎng); to play

yǒu míng
famous; well-known

yòu
(once) again; also; both... and...; and yet; (used for emphasis) anyway

 dào
to meet; to run into; to come across

yuàn 
to wish; to want; ready; willing (to do sth)

yuè
to exceed; to climb over; to surpass; the more... the more; generic word for peoples or states of south China or south Asia at different historical periods; abbr. for Vietnam 越南

yuè liang
the moon

yún
cloud; CL: (duǒ); surname Yun; abbr. for Yunnan Province | (yún nán shěng)

zhàn
station; to stand; to halt; to stop; branch of a company or organization; website

zhǎng
chief; head; elder; to grow; to develop; to increase; to enhance

zháo 
to worry; to feel anxious; Taiwan pr: zhāo

zhào gu
to take care of; to show consideration; to attend to; to look after

zhào piàn
photograph; picture; CL: | (zhāng), (tào), ()

zhào xiàng 
camera; CL: | (), (jià), (), (tái), | (zhī)

zhǐ
only; merely; just; but

zhōng jiān
between; intermediate; mid; middle

zhōng 
at last; in the end; finally; eventually

zhǒng
seed; species; kind; type; classifier for types, kinds, sorts

zhòng yào
important; significant; major

zhōu 
weekend

zhǔ yào
main; principal; major; primary

zhù
to wish; to express good wishes; to pray; (old) wizard; surname Zhu

zhù 
to take note of; to pay attention to

 diǎn
dictionary; character dictionary; CL: (běn)

 
oneself; one's own

zǒng shì
always

zuì jìn
recent; recently; these days; latest; soon; nearest (of locations); shortest (of routes)

zuò 
school assignment; homework; work; task; operation; CL: | (); to operate

zuò yòng
to act on; to affect; action; function; activity; impact; result; effect; purpose; intent; to play a role; corresponds to English -ity, -ism, -ization; CL: | ()