HSK ResourcesHSK Word Lists

HSK Level 4 Vocabulary List

This page contains the HSK 4 word list, outlining the vocabulary terms introduced at level 4 of the HSK

Vocabulary Term English Meaning

ài qíng
romance; love (romantic); CL: | (), (fèn)

ān pái
to arrange; to plan; to set up; arrangements; plans

ān quán
safe; secure; safety; security

dark; gloomy; hidden; secret; muddled; obscure; in the dark

àn shí
on time; before deadline; on schedule

àn zhào
according to; in accordance with; in the light of; on the basis of

bāo kuò
to comprise; to include; to involve; to incorporate; to consist of

to protect; to defend; to safeguard; protection; CL: | (zhǒng)

bǎo zhèng
guarantee; to guarantee; to ensure; to safeguard; to pledge; CL: | ()

to hold; to carry (in one's arms); to hug; to embrace; to surround; to cherish

bào dào
to report (news); report; CL: (piān), (fèn)

bào míng
to sign up; to enter one's name; to apply; to register; to enroll; to enlist

bào qiàn
to be sorry; to feel apologetic; sorry!

quilt; by; (indicates passive-voice clauses); (literary) to cover; to meet with

běn lái
original; originally; at first; it goes without saying; of course

stupid; foolish; silly; slow-witted; clumsy

notebook (stationery); CL: (běn); notebook (computing)

graduation; to graduate; to finish school

everywhere; all over; classifier for actions: one time

biāo zhǔn
(an official) standard; norm; criterion; CL: | ()

to express; to convey

form; table; CL: | (zhāng), (fèn)

biǎo yáng
to praise; to commend

bǐng gān
biscuit; cracker; cookie; CL: (piàn), | (kuài)

bìng qiě
and; besides; moreover; furthermore; in addition

doctor; court academician (in feudal China); Ph.D.

not only (... but also...)

have no choice or option but to; cannot but; have to; can't help it; can't avoid

not to be concerned; regardless of; no matter

only; merely; no more than; but; however; anyway (to get back to a previous topic); cannot be more (after adjectival)

not only (this one); not just (...) but also

to wipe; to erase; rubbing (brush stroke in painting); to clean; to polish

to guess

cái liào
material; data; makings; stuff; CL: | (), | (zhǒng)

cān guān
to look around; to tour; to visit

chà bu duō
almost; nearly; more or less; about the same; good enough; not bad

to taste; to try; to experience; already; ever; once

cháng chéng
the Great Wall

cháng jiāng
Yangtze River, or Chang Jiang

chāo guò
to surpass; to exceed; to outstrip

to quarrel; to make a noise; noisy; to disturb by making a noise

chéng gōng
success; to succeed; CL: (), | (); Chenggong or Chengkung town in Taitung county | (tái dōng xiàn), southeast Taiwan

chéng shí
honest; honesty; honorable; truthful

chéng shú
mature; ripe; to mature; to ripen; Taiwan pr: chéng shóu

chéng wéi
to become; to turn into

chéng zuò
to ride (in a vehicle)

chī jīng
to be startled; to be shocked; to be amazed

chóng xīn
again; once more; re-

chōu yān
to smoke (a cigarette, tobacco)

chū chāi
to go on an official or business trip

to set off; to start (on a journey)

chū shēng
to be born

chuán zhēn
fax; facsimile

chuāng hu
window; CL: | (), (shàn)

dictionary (of Chinese compound words); Also written: 辭典|辞典[ci2 dian3]; CL: (), (běn)

cóng lái
always; at all times; never (if used in negative sentence)

careless; thoughtless

answer; solution; CL: | ()

to decorate; to dress; to make up; to adorn; manner of dressing; style of dress

to disturb; to bother; to trouble

to print; to seal; to stamp

to give a discount

to give or have an injection

roughly; probably; rough; approximate; about; general idea
 shǐ guǎn
embassy; CL: (zuò), | ()

approximately; probably

to put on or wear (glasses, hat, gloves etc); to respect; to bear; to support; surname Dai

dài biǎo
representative; delegate; CL: (wèi), | (), (míng); to represent; to stand for; on behalf of; in the name of

dài fu
doctor; physician

to replace; to take the place of

to be; to act as; manage; withstand; when; during; ought; should; match equally; equal; same; obstruct; just at (a time or place); on the spot; right; just at


dāng shí
then; at that time; while

knife; blade; single-edged sword; cutlass; CL: (); (slang) dollar (loanword); classifier for sets of one hundred sheets (of paper); classifier for knife cuts or stabs; surname Dao

dǎo yóu
tour guide; guidebook; to conduct a tour

dào chù

finally; in the end; when all is said and done; after all; to the end; to the last

dào qiàn
to apologize

proud of oneself; pleased with oneself; complacent

to have to; must; ought to; to need to

class; rank; grade; equal to; same as; to wait for; to await; et cetera; and so on; et al. (and other authors); after; as soon as; once

background; bottom; base; end (of the month, year etc); remnants; (math.) radix; base

the earth; CL: | ()

address; CL: | ()

to fall; to drop; to lag behind; to lose; to go missing; to reduce; fall (in prices); to lose (value, weight etc); to wag; to swing; to turn; to change; to exchange; to swap; to show off; to shed (hair); (used after certain verbs to express completion, fulfillment, removal etc)

diào chá
investigation; inquiry; to investigate; to survey; survey; (opinion) poll; CL: | (xiàng), | ()

to lose; to put aside; to throw

dòng zuò
movement; motion; action; CL: | ()

traffic jam; choking

belly; abdomen; stomach; CL: | ()

to break; to snap; to cut off; to give up or abstain from sth; to judge; (usu. used in the negative) absolutely; definitely; decidedly

duì huà
dialog; CL: | ()

duì miàn
(sitting) opposite; across (the street); directly in front; to be face to face

to stop; to pause; to arrange; to lay out; to kowtow; to stamp (one's foot); at once; classifier for meals, beatings, scoldings etc: time, bout, spell, meal

flower; earlobe; fig. item on both sides; classifier for flowers, clouds etc

and; as well as; and so; but (not); yet (not); (indicates causal relation); (indicates change of state); (indicates contrast)

ér tóng
child; CL: | ()

to send out; to show (one's feeling); to issue; to develop; to make a bundle of money; classifier for gunshots (rounds)

to happen; to occur; to take place; to break out

development; growth; to develop; to grow; to expand

law; CL: | (tiáo), (tào), | ()

to translate; to interpret; translator; interpreter; translation; interpretation; CL: | (), (wèi), (míng)

fán nǎo
to be worried; to be distressed; worries

fǎn duì
to fight against; to oppose; to be opposed to; opposition

fǎn yìng
to mirror; to reflect; mirror image; reflection; (fig.) to report; to make known; to render

fàn wéi
range; scope; limit; extent; CL: | ()

method; way; means; CL: | ()

fāng miàn
respect; aspect; field; side; CL: | ()

fāng xiàng
direction; orientation; path to follow; CL: | ()
fǎng wèn
to visit; to call on; to interview; CL: ()

to renounce; to abandon; to give up

fàng shǔ jià
take summer vacation

fēn zhī
(indicating a fraction)

classifier for gifts, newspaper, magazine, papers, reports, contracts etc; variant of (fèn)

to enrich; rich; plentiful; abundant

fēng jǐng
scenery; landscape; CL: | ()

if not; otherwise; else; or else

in keeping with; in accordance with; tallying with; in line with; to agree with; to accord with; to conform to; to correspond with; to manage; to handle

rich; abundant; wealthy; surname Fu

father; also pr: qin; CL: | ()

to photocopy; to duplicate a document

complicated; complex

to be in charge of; to take responsibility for; to be to blame; conscientious

gǎi biàn
to change; to alter; to transform

gān bēi
to drink a toast; Cheers! (proposing a toast); Here's to you!; Bottoms up!; lit. dry cup

gān zào
to dry (of weather, paint, cement etc); desiccation; dull; uninteresting; arid

gǎn dòng
to move (sb); to touch (sb emotionally); moving

gǎn jué
to feel; to become aware of; feeling; sense; perception; CL: | ()

gǎn qíng
emotion; sentiment; affection; feelings between two persons; CL: | (), | (zhǒng)

gǎn xiè
(express) thanks; gratitude; grateful; thankful; thanks

high level; high grade; advanced; high-ranking

each; every

height; stature; build; size

tool; instrument; utensil; means (to achieve a goal etc)


wages; pay; CL: | (), (fèn), (yuè)

gòng tóng
common; joint; jointly; together; collaborative

enough (sufficient); enough (too much); (coll.) (before adj.) really; (coll.) to reach by stretching out


lone; lonely; loneliness

to estimate; to reckon; CL: | (); (coll.) to suppose

to encourage

to applaud; to clap

client; customer; CL: (wèi)

deliberately; on purpose

to hang or suspend (from a hook etc); to hang up (the phone); (of a line) to be dead; to be worried or concerned; to make a phone call (dialect); to register or record; classifier for sets or clusters of objects; (slang) to kill; to die; to be finished; to fail (an exam)

guān jiàn
crucial point; crux; CL: | (); key; crucial; pivotal

guān zhòng
spectators; audience; visitors (to an exhibition etc)

to supervise; to manage; to administer; management; administration; CL: | ()

light; ray; CL: (dào); bright; only; merely; to use up
broadcast; CL: | (); broadcasting; to broadcast; (formal) to propagate; to publicize
guǎng gào
to advertise; a commercial; advertisement; CL: | (xiàng)

to stroll; to visit

guī dìng
provision; to fix; to set; to formulate; to stipulate; to provide; regulation; rule; CL: | ()


guǒ rán
really; sure enough; as expected; if indeed

guò chéng
course of events; process; CL: | ()

hǎi yáng
ocean; CL: | ()

hài xiū
shy; embarrassed; bashful

hán jià
winter vacation

perspiration; sweat; CL: (), | (tóu), (shēn); to be speechless (out of helplessness, embarrassment etc) (Internet slang used as an interjection)

háng bān
scheduled flight; flight number; plane; scheduled sailing; sailing number; passenger ship

hǎo chu
benefit; advantage; gain; profit; also pr: hǎo chù; CL: | ()

hǎo xiàng
as if; to seem like

number; CL: (duī), | ()

to meet the standard required; qualified; eligible (voter etc)

suitable; fitting; appropriate

box; case

hóu zi
monkey; CL: | (zhī)

thick; deep or profound; kind; generous; rich or strong in flavor; to favor; to stress

hòu huǐ
to regret; to repent

hòu lái
afterwards; later

suddenly; all of a sudden

nurse; CL: | ()

each other; mutually; mutual
to doubt (sth); to be skeptical of; to have one's doubts; to harbor suspicions; to suspect that

to pay back; to return; surname Huan

to recall; memories; CL: | ()

huó dòng
to exercise; to move about; to operate; to use connections (personal influence); loose; shaky; active; movable; activity; campaign; maneuver; behavior; CL: | (xiàng), | ()

huó po
lively; vivacious; brisk; active

fire; urgent; ammunition; fiery or flaming; internal heat (Chinese medicine); hot (popular); classifier for military units (old); surname Huo

to obtain; to receive; to get

base; foundation; basis; underlying; CL: | ()

to move emotionally; to stir up (emotions); to excite

active; energetic; vigorous; positive (outlook); proactive

to accumulate; accumulation; cumulative; cumulatively

to gather; to assemble; set (mathematics)


in time; promptly; without delay; timely
even if; even though

to send; to mail; to entrust; to depend on; to attach oneself to; to live (in a house); to lodge; foster (son etc)

plan; project; program; to plan; to map out; CL: | (), | (xiàng)

since; as; this being the case

technology; technique; skill; CL: | (mén), | (zhǒng), | (xiàng)

to continue; to proceed with; to go on with

reporter; journalist; CL: | ()

jiā bān
to work overtime

furniture; CL: (jiàn), (tào)

jiā yóu zhàn
gas station

fake; false; artificial; to borrow; if; suppose

price; CL: | ()

jiān chí
to persevere with; to persist in; to insist on

jiǎn féi
to lose weight

jiǎn shǎo
to lessen; to decrease; to reduce; to lower

jiāng lái
in the future; future; the future; CL: | ()

jiǎng jīn
premium; award money; bonus

to reduce; to lower; to bring down

to hand over; to deliver; to pay (money); to turn over; to make friends; to intersect (lines)

jiāo ào
pride; arrogance; conceited; proud of sth

jiāo liú
to exchange; exchange; communication; interaction; to have social contact (with sb)

jiāo tōng
to be connected; traffic; transportation; communications; liaison

jiǎo zi
dumpling; pot-sticker; CL: | (), | (zhī)

jiào shòu
professor; to instruct; to lecture on; CL: | (), (wèi)

to educate; to teach; education

jiē shòu
to accept; to receive

jié yuē
to economize; to conserve (resources); economy; frugal

jiě shì
explanation; to explain; to interpret; to resolve; CL: | ()

jǐn guǎn
despite; although; even though; in spite of; unhesitatingly; do not hesitate (to ask, complain etc); (go ahead and do it) without hesitating

jǐn zhāng
nervous; keyed up; intense; tense; strained; in short supply; scarce; CL: | (zhèn)

jìn xíng
to advance; to conduct; underway; in progress; to do; to carry out; to carry on; to execute

jìn zhǐ
to prohibit; to forbid; to ban

jīng cǎi
wonderful; marvelous; brilliant

economy; economic

Beijing opera; CL: | (chǎng), (chū)

experience; CL: | (), (); to experience; to go through

jīng shén
spirit; mind; consciousness; thought; mental; psychological; essence; gist; CL: | ()

jīng yàn
experience; to experience

jǐng chá
police; police officer; CL: | ()

jìng rán
unexpectedly; to one's surprise; in spite of everything; in that crazy way; actually; to go as far as to

jìng zhēng
to compete; competition

jìng zi
mirror; CL: (miàn), | ()

jiū jìng
to go to the bottom of a matter; after all; when all is said and done; (in an interrogative sentence) finally; outcome; result

to conduct; to hold

to refuse; to decline; to reject

distance; CL: | (); to be apart from

kāi wán xiào
to play a joke; to make fun of; to joke

way of looking at a thing; view; opinion; CL: | ()

to think over; to consider; consideration

classifier for trees, cabbages, plants etc

science; scientific knowledge; scientific; rational; CL: | (mén), | (), | (zhǒng)

to cough; CL: | (zhèn)

pitiful; pathetic; to have pity on

but; however; (used for emphasis) indeed

it is a pity; what a pity; unfortunately

kěn dìng
to be certain; to be positive; assuredly; definitely; to give recognition; to affirm; affirmative (answer)

air; atmosphere

fear; to dread; I'm afraid that...; perhaps; maybe

bitter; hardship; pain; to suffer; to bring suffering to; painstakingly

lenient; wide; broad; surname Kuan

to trap; to surround; hard-pressed; stranded; destitute

kùn nan
difficult; challenging; straitened circumstances; difficult situation

to expand; to enlarge; to broaden one's scope

to pull; to play (a bowed instrument); to drag; to draw; to chat

rubbish bin; trash can; garbage can; Taiwan pr: tǒng

hot (spicy); pungent

lái bu 
there's not enough time (to do sth); it's too late (to do sth)

lái de 
there's still time; able to do sth in time


làng fèi
to waste; to squander

làng màn

tiger; CL: | (zhī)

lěng jìng
calm; cool-headed

a barber; hairdressing

to comprehend; to understand; comprehension; understanding

courtesy; manners

an ideal; a dream; ideal; perfect

difficult to deal with; difficult to endure; ferocious; radical; serious; terrible; violent; tremendous; awesome

strength; CL: ()

for example; for instance; such as

two (colloquial equivalent of 兩個|两个); both; some

to link; to join; to connect; continuously; in succession; including; (used with 也, 都 etc) even; company (military); surname Lian

connection; contact; relation; to get in touch with; to integrate; to link; to touch

liáng kuai
nice and cold; pleasantly cool

bright; clear; resonant; to shine; to show; to reveal

liáo tiān
to chat; to gossip

lìng wài
additional; in addition; besides; separate; other; moreover; furthermore

to leave (a message etc); to retain; to stay; to remain; to keep; to preserve

liú lèi
to shed tears


liú xíng
(of a contagious disease etc) to spread; to propagate; (of a style of clothing, song etc) popular; fashionable

liú xué
to study abroad


in confusion or disorder; in a confused state of mind; disorder; upheaval; riot; illicit sexual relations; to throw into disorder; to mix up; indiscriminate; random; arbitrary

inconvenient; troublesome; annoying; to trouble or bother sb; to put sb to trouble

careless; sloppy; negligent; skimpy

to fill; full; filled; packed; fully; completely; quite; to reach the limit; to satisfy; satisfied; contented; Manchu ethnic group

máo jīn
towel; CL: | (tiáo)


dream; CL: | (cháng), | ()

code; secret code; password; pin number

miǎn fèi
free (of charge)

nationality; ethnic group; CL: | ()

mother; also pr: qin; CL: | ()

purpose; aim; goal; target; objective; CL: | ()

nài xīn
to be patient; patience

nán dào
don't tell me ...; could it be that...?

nán shòu
to feel unwell; to suffer pain; to be difficult to bear

inside; inner; internal; within; interior

nèi róng
content; substance; details; CL: | (), | (xiàng)

capability; ability; CL: | ()

nián líng
(a person's) age; CL: (), | ()

nóng cūn
rural area; village; CL: | ()

to do; to manage; to handle; to play with; to fool with; to mess with; to fix; to toy with

nuǎn huo
warm; nice and warm

ǒu ěr
occasionally; once in a while; sometimes

pái liè
array; arrangement; permutation (i.e. ordered choice of n elements out of m)

pàn duàn
to judge; to determine; judgment

to accompany; to keep sb company; to assist; old variant of | (péi)

to criticize; criticism; CL: | ()

skin; CL: | (céng), | (kuài)

sheet; piece of writing; bound set of bamboo slips used for record keeping (old); classifier for written items: chapter, article

to cheat; to swindle; to deceive; to get on (a horse etc) by swinging one leg over

pīng pāng qiú
table tennis; ping-pong; table tennis ball; CL: | ()

píng shí
ordinarily; in normal times; in peacetime

píng zi
bottle; CL: | ()

broken; damaged; worn out; lousy; rotten; to break, split or cleave; to get rid of; to destroy; to break with; to defeat; to capture (a city etc); to expose the truth of

universal; general; widespread; common

next; secondly

among; in; included among these

(of an aircraft) to take off

climate; atmosphere; situation; CL: | (zhǒng)

qiān wàn
ten million; countless; many; one must by all means

qiān zhèng
visa; certificate; to certify; CL: | ()

wall; CL: (miàn), ()

to hit; to strike; to tap; to rap; to knock; to rip sb off; to overcharge

bridge; CL: (zuò)

chocolate (loanword); CL: | (kuài)

qīn qi
a relative (i.e. family relation); CL: | (mén), | (), (wèi)

light; easy; gentle; soft; reckless; unimportant; frivolous; small in number; unstressed; neutral; to disparage

qīng sōng
light; gentle; relaxed; effortless; uncomplicated; to relax; to take things less seriously

qíng kuàng
circumstances; state of affairs; situation; CL: | (), | (zhǒng)

qǐng jià
to request leave of absence

to give a dinner party; to entertain guests; to invite to dinner

poor; destitute; to use up; to exhaust; thoroughly; extremely; (coll.) persistently and pointlessly

difference; to distinguish; to discriminate; to make a distinction; CL: | ()

to take; to get; to choose; to fetch

whole; entire; complete

quē diǎn
weak point; fault; shortcoming; disadvantage; CL: | ()

quē shǎo
lack; shortage of; shortfall; to be short (of); to lack

but; yet; however; while; to go back; to decline; to retreat; nevertheless; even though

què shí
indeed; really; reliable; real; true

group; crowd; flock, herd, pack etc

rán ér
however; yet; but

bustling with noise and excitement; lively

rén mín 
Renminbi (RMB); Chinese Yuan (CNY)

any; whatever; whichever; whatsoever

rèn wu
mission; assignment; task; duty; role; CL: | (xiàng), | ()

to throw; to throw away

réng rán
still; yet

diary; CL: | (), (běn), (piān)

entrance; to import

soft; flexible

to take a walk; to go for a walk

sēn lín
forest; CL: (piàn)

sofa (loanword); CL: | (tiáo), | (zhāng); (Internet slang) the first reply or replier to a forum post

shāng liang
to consult; to talk over; to discuss

shāng xīn
to grieve; to be broken-hearted; to feel deeply hurt

shāo wēi
a little bit

shè huì
society; CL: | ()

deep; depth; deeply; (of a color) dark; deep; rich

shēn qǐng
to apply for sth; application (form etc); CL: (fèn)

shèn zhì
even; so much so that

shēng huó
life; activity; to live; livelihood

shēng mìng
life; living; biological; CL: | ()

to save; to economize; to do without; to omit; to leave out; province; CL: | ()

to remain; to be left; to have as remainder

shī bài
to be defeated; to lose; to fail (e.g. experiments); failure; defeat; CL: ()

shī fu
master; qualified worker; respectful form of address for older men; CL: | (), (wèi), (míng)
shī rùn

shī wàng
disappointed; to lose hope; to despair

shí fēn
very; completely; utterly; extremely; absolutely; hundred percent; to divide into ten equal parts

reality; practice; practical; realistic; real; actual

shí pǐn
foodstuff; food; provisions; CL: | (zhǒng)

shí zài
really; actually; indeed; true; real; honest; dependable; (philosophy) reality
shǐ yòng
to use; to employ; to apply; to make use of

to test; to try; experiment; examination; test

shì chǎng
marketplace; market (also in abstract)

to fit; to suit

century; CL: | ()

shì yìng
to adapt; to fit; to suit

to receive; to accept; to collect; to put away; to restrain; to stop; in care of (used on address line after name)

to take in; income; revenue; CL: | (), | ()

shōu shi
to put in order; to tidy up; to pack; to repair; (coll.) to sort sb out; to fix sb

capital (city); CL: | ()

shǒu xiān
first (of all); in the first place

shòu  liǎo
unbearable; unable to endure; can't stand

shòu huò yuán
salesperson; CL: | ()

to lose; to transport; to donate; to enter (a password)

to be familiar with; to know well

shù liàng
amount; quantity; CL: | (); quantitative

numeral; digit; number; figure; amount; digital (electronics etc); CL: | ()

handsome; graceful; smart; commander in chief; (coll.) cool!; sweet!; surname Shuai
shùn biàn
conveniently; in passing; without much extra effort

smoothly; without a hitch

sequence; order

shuō míng
to explain; to illustrate; to indicate; to show; to prove; explanation; directions; caption; CL: | ()

shuò shì
master's degree; person who has a master's degree; learned person

to die; impassable; uncrossable; inflexible; rigid; extremely; damned

speed; rate; velocity; (music) tempo; CL: | ()

 liào dài
plastic bag

sour; tart; sick at heart; grieved; sore; aching; pedantic; impractical; an acid

to regard as; to figure; to calculate; to compute
suí biàn
as one wishes; as one pleases; at random; negligent; casual; wanton

suí zhe
along with; in the wake of; following

suǒ yǒu
all; to have; to possess; to own

platform; stage; terrace; stand; support; station; broadcasting station; classifier for vehicles or machines; Taiwan (abbr.)

to lift; to raise; (of two or more persons) to carry

tài du
manner; bearing; attitude; approach; CL: | ()

to speak; to talk; to converse; to chat; to discuss; surname Tan

tán gāng qín
play the piano

soup; hot or boiling water; decoction of medicinal herbs; water in which sth has been boiled; surname Tang

to recline; to lie down

tǎo lùn
to discuss; to talk over; CL: | ()

tǎo yàn
to dislike; to loathe; disagreeable; troublesome; annoying

characteristic (feature); trait; feature; CL: | ()

to offer; to supply; to provide; to furnish

to shift to an earlier date; to do sth ahead of time; in advance

to remind; to call attention to; to warn of

tián kòng
to fill a job vacancy; to fill in a blank (e.g. on questionnaire or exam paper)

tiáo jiàn
condition; circumstances; term; factor; requirement; prerequisite; qualification; CL: | ()

tíng zhǐ
to stop; to halt; to cease

straight; erect; to stick out (a part of the body); to (physically) straighten up; to support; to withstand; outstanding; (coll.) quite; very; classifier for machine guns

tōng guò
by means of; through; via; to pass through; to get through; to adopt; to pass (a bill or inspection etc); to switch over

tōng zhī
to notify; to inform; notice; notification; CL: | ()

tóng qíng
to sympathize with; sympathy

to push; to cut; to refuse; to reject; to decline; to shirk (responsibility); to put off; to delay; to push forward; to nominate; to elect; massage

tuī chí
to postpone; to put off; to defer

to shed; to take off; to escape; to get away from

socks; stockings; CL: | (zhī), | (duì), | (shuāng)

wán quán
complete; whole; totally; entirely

to go (in a direction); to; towards; (of a train) bound for; past; previous

wǎng qiú
tennis; tennis ball; CL: | ()

wǎng wǎng
often; frequently

wǎng zhàn
website; network station; node

wēi xiǎn
danger; dangerous

wèi dao
flavor; smell; hint of

temperature; CL: | ()

wén zhāng
article; essay; literary works; writings; hidden meaning; CL: (piān), (duàn), | ()

to shake hands

pollution; contamination; CL: | ()

not to have; no; none; not; to lack; un-; -less

bored; boring; senseless

no matter what or how; regardless of whether...

to misunderstand; to mistake; misunderstanding; CL: | ()
 hóng shì
tomato; CL: | (zhī)

to attract (interest, investment etc); CL: | ()

washer; washing machine; CL: | (tái)

salted; salty; stingy; miserly

xiàn dài
modern times; modern age; modern era; Hyundai, South Korean company

to envy; to admire

xiàn zhì
to restrict; to limit; to confine; restriction; limit; CL: | ()

fragrant; sweet smelling; aromatic; savory or appetizing; (to eat) with relish; (of sleep) sound; perfume or spice; joss or incense stick; CL: (gēn)

xiāng fǎn
opposite; contrary

detailed; in detail; minute

echo; sound; noise; to make a sound; to sound; to ring; loud; classifier for noises

xiāo xi
news; information; CL: | (tiáo)

xiǎo shuō
novel; fiction; CL: (běn), ()

xiào guǒ
result; effect; quality; CL: | ()

xiào huà
joke; jest; CL: | (); to laugh at; to mock

exhausting; hard; tough; arduous; to work hard; to go to a lot of trouble; hardship(s)

xīn qíng
mood; frame of mind; CL: | ()

xìn rèn
to trust; to have confidence in

xìn xīn
confidence; faith (in sb or sth); CL: | ()

xìn yòng 
credit card

xīng fèn
excited; excitement

to walk; to go; to travel; a visit; temporary; makeshift; current; in circulation; to do; to perform; capable; competent; effective; all right; OK!; will do; behavior; conduct; Taiwan pr: xìng for the behavior-conduct sense

to wake up; to be awake; to become aware; to sober up; to come to

xìng bié
gender; sex; distinguishing between the sexes

happiness; happy; blessed

nature; disposition; temperament; character; CL: | ()

to decorate; to embellish; to repair; to build; to write; to cultivate; to study; to take (a class); surname Xiu

many; a lot of; much

blood; colloquial pr. [xie3]; CL: (), (piàn)


toothpaste; CL: (guǎn)

Asia; abbr. for | ( zhōu)

(particle equivalent to 啊 after a vowel, expressing surprise or doubt)

salt; CL: ()

strict; stringent; tight; rigorous

yán jiū shēng
graduate student; postgraduate student; research student

yán zhòng
grave; serious; severe; critical

yǎn chū
to act (in a play); to perform; to put on (a performance); performance; concert; show; CL: | (chǎng), ()

yǎn yuán
actor or actress; performer; CL: | (), (wèi), (míng)

yáng guāng
sunshine; CL: |线 (xiàn); transparent (open to public scrutiny)

yǎng chéng
to cultivate; to raise; to form (a habit); to acquire

yàng zi
appearance; manner; pattern; model

yāo qǐng
to invite; invitation; CL: | ()

yào shi
key; CL: ()

perhaps; maybe

page; leaf

foliage; leaf; CL: (piàn)

everything; every; all

to use; by means of; according to; in order to; because of; at (a certain date or place); abbr. for Israel ( liè)
100 million

idea; opinion; suggestion; objection; complaint; CL: | (diǎn), | (tiáo)


thus; consequently; as a result

yǐn liào
drink; beverage

to give rise to; to lead to; to cause; to arouse

yìn xiàng

to beat; to win; to profit

hard; stiff; strong; firm; resolutely; doggedly; good (quality); able (person)

yǒng gǎn
brave; courageous

yǒng yuǎn
forever; eternal

yōu diǎn
merit; benefit; strong point; advantage; CL: | (), | (xiàng)

(loanword) humor; humorous

yōu xiù
outstanding; excellent

to follow; from; it is for...to; reason; cause; because of; due to; to; to leave it (to sb); by (introduces passive verb)

especially; particularly

due to; as a result of; thanks to; owing to; since; because

yǒu hǎo
friendly; amicable; close friend; Youhao district of Yichun city ( chūn shì), Heilongjiang

interesting; fascinating; amusing

companionship; fellowship; friendship

cheerful; cheerily; delightful; pleasant; pleasantly; pleasing; happy; delighted

thereupon; as a result; consequently; thus; hence


 máo qiú
shuttlecock; badminton; CL: | ()

language; CL: | (mén), | (zhǒng)

to prepare a lesson

currency unit (esp. Chinese yuan); first; original; primary; fundamental; constituent; part; era (of a reign); (math.) argument; variable; (Tw) (geology) eon; surname Yuan; the Yuan or Mongol dynasty (1279-1368)

yuán lái
original; former; originally; formerly; at first; so, actually, as it turns out

yuán liàng
to excuse; to forgive; to pardon

yuán yīn
cause; origin; root cause; reason; CL: | ()

yuē huì
appointment; engagement; date; CL: (), | (); to arrange to meet

to read; reading

to permit; to allow

magazine; CL: (běn), (fèn), ()

zán men
we or us (including both the speaker and the person(s) spoken to); (dialect) I or me; (dialect) (in a coaxing or familiar way) you; also pr: men

zàn shí
temporary; provisional; for the time being

responsibility; blame; duty; CL: | ()

zēng jiā
to raise; to increase

zēng zhǎng
to grow; to increase

narrow; narrow-minded; badly off

zhāo pìn
to invite applications for a job; to recruit

zhēn zhèng
genuine; real; true; genuinely

to arrange; to tidy up; to sort out; to straighten out; to list systematically; to collate (data, files); to pack (luggage)

orderly; neat; even; tidy

zhèng cháng
regular; normal; ordinary

zhèng hǎo
just (in time); just right; just enough; to happen to; to chance to; by chance; it just so happens that

zhèng míng
proof; certificate; identification; testimonial; CL: | (); to prove; to testify; to confirm the truth of

zhèng què
correct; proper

zhèng shì
formal; official

classifier for birds and certain animals, one of a pair, some utensils, vessels etc

(possessive particle, literary equivalent of (de)); him; her; it

zhī chí
to be in favor of; to support; to back; support; backing; to stand by; CL: | ()

zhī shi
knowledge; CL: | (mén); intellectual

zhí de
to be worth; to deserve

zhí jiē
direct; opposite: indirect 間接|间接; immediate; directly; straightforward

plant; vegetation; CL: | (zhǒng)

occupation; profession; vocation; professional

finger; to point at or to; to indicate or refer to; to depend on; to count on; (of hair) to stand on end

zhǐ hǎo
without any better option; to have to; to be forced to

zhǐ yào
if only; so long as

zhì liàng
quality; (physics) mass; CL: | ()

zhì shǎo
at least; (to say the) least

zhì zào
to manufacture; to make

zhōng wén
Chinese language

zhòng diǎn
important point; main point; focus; key (project etc); to focus on; to put the emphasis on

zhòng shì
to attach importance to sth; to value

zhōu wéi
surroundings; environment; to encompass

hog; pig; swine; CL: (kǒu), | (tóu)

zhú jiàn

zhǔ dòng
to take the initiative; to do sth of one's own accord; spontaneous; active; opposite: passive | (bèi dòng); drive (of gears and shafts etc)

zhǔ yi
plan; idea; decision; CL: | (); Beijing pr. [zhu2 yi5]

to congratulate; congratulations; CL: | ()

zhù míng
famous; noted; well-known; celebrated

zhuān mén
specialist; specialized; customized

specialty; specialized field; main field of study (at university); major; CL: | (mén), | (); professional

to earn; to make a profit

to knock against; to bump into; to run into; to meet by accident

zhǔn què
accurate; exact; precise

zhǔn shí
on time; punctual; on schedule

careful; attentive; cautious

nature; natural; naturally

zǒng jié
to sum up; to conclude; summary; résumé; CL: | ()

to hire; to rent; to charter; to rent out; to lease out; rent; land tax

to form; to make up; to constitute

to organize; organization; organized system; nerve; tissue; CL: | ()

mouth; beak; nozzle; spout (of teapot etc); CL: | (zhāng), | ()

zuì hǎo
best; (you) had better (do what we suggest)

zuì hòu
final; last; finally; ultimate

zūn zhòng
to esteem; to respect; to honor; to value; eminent; serious; proper

seat; base; stand; CL: | (); classifier for buildings, mountains and similar immovable objects

zuò shēng 
to do business

zuò wèi
seat; CL: | ()

zuò zhě
author; writer; CL: | ()