HSK ResourcesHSK Word Lists

HSK Level 5 Vocabulary List

This page contains the HSK 5 word list, outlining the vocabulary terms introduced at level 5 of the HSK

Vocabulary Term English Meaning

interjection or grunt of agreement or recognition (e.g. yes, it's me!); to sigh

to cherish; to treasure; to take care of; to love and protect

to cherish; to treasure; to use sparingly

ài xīn
compassion; kindness; care for others; love; CL: (piàn); charity (bazaar, golf day etc); heart (the symbol ♥)

ān wèi
to comfort; to console; CL: | ()

ān zhuāng
to install; to erect; to fix; to mount; installation

bank; shore; beach; coast; CL: | ()

to grasp (also fig.); to seize; to hold; assurance; certainty; sure (of the outcome)

to arrange; to exhibit; to move to and fro; a pendulum

bān zhǔ rèn
teacher in charge of a class

to handle; to transact; to conduct

stick; club; cudgel; smart; capable; strong; wonderful; classifier for legs of a relay race

bàng wǎn
in the evening; when night falls; towards evening; at night fall; at dusk

bāo guǒ
to wrap up; to bind up; bundle; parcel; package; CL: | ()

bāo hán
to contain; to embody; to include

bāo zi
steamed stuffed bun; CL: | ()

thin; cold in manner; indifferent; weak; light; infertile

bǎo bèi
treasured object; treasure; darling; baby; cowry; good-for-nothing or queer character

bǎo chí
to keep; to maintain; to hold; to preserve

bǎo cún
to conserve; to preserve; to keep; to save (a file etc) (computing)

bǎo guì
valuable; precious; to value; to treasure; to set store by

bǎo liú
to retain; to continue to have; to preserve; to maintain; to reserve; reservations; to hold back (approval or acceptance)

bǎo xiǎn
insurance; to insure; safe; secure; be sure; be bound to; CL: (fèn)

bào gào
to inform; to report; to make known; report; speech; talk; lecture; CL: (piān), (fèn), | (), (tòng)

bēi guān

(two, three etc) -fold; times (multiplier); double; to increase or multiply

bèi jǐng
background; backdrop; context; (fig.) powerful backer; CL: | (zhǒng)

bèi zi
quilt; CL: (chuáng)

undergraduate course; undergraduate (attributive)

běn lǐng
skill; ability; capability; CL: | (xiàng), | ()

běn zhì
essence; nature; innate character; intrinsic quality

each other; one another

proportion; scale

for example; for instance; such as

after all; all in all; when all is said and done; in the final analysis

to avert; to prevent; to avoid; to refrain from

inevitable; certain; necessity

to need; to require; essential; indispensable

necessary; essential; indispensable; required

to edit; to compile; editor; compiler

biān pào
firecrackers; string of small firecrackers; CL: (méi)
plain; informal; suitable; convenient; opportune; to urinate or defecate; equivalent to (jiù): then; in that case; even if; soon afterwards

biàn lùn
debate; argument; to argue over; CL: | (chǎng), ()

biāo diǎn
punctuation; a punctuation mark; to punctuate; CL: | ()

biāo zhì
sign; mark; symbol; logo; to symbolize; to indicate; to mark

biǎo miàn
surface; face; outside; appearance

biǎo míng
to make clear; to make known; to state clearly; to indicate; known

biǎo qíng
(facial) expression; to express one's feelings; expression

biǎo xiàn
to show; to show off; to display; to manifest; expression; manifestation; show; display; performance (at work etc); behavior

third of the ten Heavenly Stems (shí tiān gān); third in order; letter "C" or roman "III" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc; ancient Chinese compass point: 165°; propyl


glass; CL: | (zhāng), | (kuài); (slang) male homosexual


neck; CL: | ()

to replenish; to supplement; to complement; additional; supplementary; CL: | ()

cloth; to declare; to announce; to spread; to make known

unpeaceful; unstable; uneasy; disturbed; restless; worried

need not; does not have to; not necessarily

desperately serious; disastrous; extremely; exceedingly

unceasing; uninterrupted; continuous; constant

part; share; section; piece; CL: | ()

 hǎo  si
to feel embarrassed; to find it embarrassing; to be sorry (for inconveniencing sb)

 jiàn de
not necessarily; not likely

department; branch; section; division; CL: | ()


 nài fán
impatience; impatient

not so; no; or else; otherwise; if not; How about ...?

not equal to; not as good as; inferior to; it would be better to

 yào jǐn
unimportant; not serious; it doesn't matter; never mind; it looks all right, but

procedure; step

insufficient; lacking; deficiency; not enough; inadequate; not worth; cannot; should not

cái chǎn
property; assets; estate; CL: | ()

to step on; to tread; to stamp; to press a pedal; to pedal (a bike)
cǎi fǎng
to interview; to gather news; to hunt for and collect; to cover

cǎi hóng
rainbow; CL: (dào)

to adopt or carry out (measures, policies, course of action); to take

cān kǎo
consultation; reference; to consult; to refer

cān tīng
dining hall; dining room; restaurant; CL: | (jiān), (jiā)

to participate (in sth)

disabled; handicapped; deformity on a person or animal

cán kuì

cāo chǎng
playground; sports field; drill ground; CL: | ()

cāo xīn
to worry about

book; booklet; classifier for books

toilet; lavatory; CL: | (jiān), | (chù)

test; to test; CL: (), | ()

céng jīng
once; already; former; previously; ever; (past tense marker used before verb or clause)

to insert; stick in; pierce; to take part in; to interfere; to interpose

chā bié
difference; distinction; disparity

chā zi
fork; CL: ()

to tear open; to tear down; to tear apart; to open

chǎn pǐn
goods; merchandise; product; CL: | ()

chǎn shēng
to arise; to come into being; to come about; to give rise to; to bring into being; to bring about; to produce; to engender; to generate; to appear; appearance; emergence; generation; production; yield

cháng shí
common sense; general knowledge; CL: | (mén)

long distance

to make a copy; to plagiarize; to search and seize; to raid; to grab; to go off with; to take a shortcut; to make a turning move; to fold one's arms

imperial or royal court; government; dynasty; reign of a sovereign or emperor; court or assembly held by a sovereign or emperor; to make a pilgrimage to; facing; towards; abbr. for | (cháo xiǎn) Korea

cháo dài
dynasty; reign (of a king)

to sauté; to stir-fry; to speculate; to hype; to fire (sb)

chǎo jià
to quarrel; to have a row; quarrel; CL: | (dùn)


chē xiāng
carriage; CL: | (jié)

thorough; thoroughly; complete

taciturn; uncommunicative; silent

to avail oneself of; to take advantage of

to weigh; to state; to name; name; appellation; to praise

chēng hu
to call; to address as; appellation

chēng zàn
to praise; to acclaim; to commend; to compliment

to ride; to mount; to make use of; to avail oneself of; to take advantage of; to multiply (mathematics); Buddhist sect or creed; surname Cheng

chéng dān
to undertake; to assume (responsibility etc)

degree (level or extent); level; CL: | ()

chéng fèn
composition; make-up; ingredient; element; component; one's social status; CL: | ()

chéng guǒ
result; achievement; gain; profit; CL: | ()

chéng jiù
accomplishment; success; achievement; CL: | (); to achieve (a result); to create; to bring about

chéng kěn
sincere; honest; cordial

to establish; to set up; to be tenable; to hold water

chéng rèn
to admit; to concede; to recognize; recognition (diplomatic, artistic etc); to acknowledge

chéng shòu
to bear; to support; to inherit

procedures; sequence; order; computer program

Chinese set expression, typically of 4 characters, often alluding to a story or historical quotation; idiom; proverb; saying; adage; CL: | (tiáo), (běn), ()

chéng zhǎng
to mature; to grow; growth

chī kuī
to suffer losses; to come to grief; to lose out; to get the worst of it; to be at a disadvantage; unfortunately

to continue; to persist; sustainable; preservation

chí zi
pond; bathhouse pool; dance floor of a ballroom; (old) stalls (front rows in a theater)

chǐ zi
rule; ruler (measuring instrument); CL: ()

chì bǎng
wing; CL: | (), | (duì)

(of water) to dash against; to mix with water; to infuse; to rinse; to flush; to develop (a film); to rise in the air; to clash; to collide with

chōng diàn 
battery charger

chōng fèn
ample; sufficient; adequate; full; fully; to the full

chōng mǎn
full of; brimming with; very full; permeated

to repeat; to duplicate; CL: | ()

house pet

chōu ti

chōu xiàng
abstract; abstraction; CL: | (zhǒng)

shameful; ugly; disgraceful

stench; smelly; to smell (bad); repulsive; loathsome; terrible; bad; severely; ruthlessly; dud (ammunition)

chū bǎn
to publish

junior; primary

chū kǒu
an exit; CL: | (); to speak; to export; (of a ship) to leave port

remarkable; outstanding

to attend; to participate; present

to get rid of; to remove; to exclude; to eliminate; to wipe out; to divide; except; not including

chú fēi
only if (..., or otherwise, ...); only when; only in the case that; unless

lunar New Year's Eve

to handle; to treat; to deal with; to process; to deal with a criminal case; to mete out punishment; to offer for sale at a reduced price; to punish

to disseminate; to propagate; to spread

to transmit; to pass on to sb else; (math.) transitive

chuán rǎn
to infect; contagious

chuán shuō
legend; folklore; to repeat from mouth to mouth; they say that...

chuán tǒng
tradition; traditional; convention; conventional; CL: | ()

chuāng lián
window curtains

to rush; to charge; to dash; to break through; to temper oneself (through battling hardships)

chuàng zào
to create; to bring about; to produce; to set (a record)

to blow; to play a wind instrument; to blast; to puff; to boast; to brag; to end in failure; to fall through

magnetic tape; CL: | (pán), ()

to resign

besides; in addition; moreover; furthermore

to provoke; to irritate; to upset; to stimulate; to excite; irritant


cōng máng
hasty; hurried

from; through; via; to follow; to obey; to engage in (an activity); never (in negative sentence); (Taiwan pr: zòng) retainer; assistant; accomplice; related by common paternal grandfather or earlier ancestor; surname Cong

from now on; since then; henceforth

cóng ér
thus; thereby

cóng qián
previously; formerly; once upon a time

cóng shì
to go for; to engage in; to undertake; to deal with; to handle; to do

vinegar; jealousy (in love rivalry)

to promote (an idea or cause); to advance; boost
to induce; to promote; to urge; to impel; to bring about; to provoke; to drive (sb to do sth); to catalyze; to actuate; to contribute to (some development)

to urge; to press; to prompt; to rush sb; to hasten sth; to expedite

to exist; to deposit; to store; to keep; to survive

cún zài
to exist; to be; existence

cuò shī
measure; step; CL: | ()

error; mistake; CL: | (); mistaken; false; wrong

to promise; to agree; to reply; to respond

to reach; to achieve; to attain

to work a temporary or casual job; (of students) to have a job outside of class time, or during vacation

 jiāo dào
to come into contact with; to have dealings

to sneeze

to ask about; to make some inquiries; to ask around

 zhāo hu
to greet sb by word or action; to give prior notice

expert; scholar; mother earth; a type of green tea

elephant; CL: | (zhī)

large; large-scale

foolish; stupid; expressionless; blank; to stay

dài kuǎn
a loan; CL: | (); to provide a loan (e.g. bank); to raise a loan (from e.g. a bank)

treatment; pay; salary; status; rank

dān chún
simple; pure; unsophisticated; merely; purely

dān diào

alone; by oneself; on one's own

dān rèn
to hold a governmental office or post; to assume office of; to take charge of; to serve as

dān wèi
unit (of measure); unit (group of people as a whole); work unit (place of employment, esp. in the PRC prior to economic reform); CL: | ()

dān wu
to delay; to hold up; to waste time; to interfere with

dān yuán
unit (forming an entity); element; (in a residential building) entrance or staircase

dǎn xiǎo guǐ

insipid; diluted; weak; mild; light in color; tasteless; fresh; indifferent; nitrogen

dāng dài
the present age; the contemporary era

to resist; to obstruct; to hinder; to keep off; to block (a blow); to get in the way of; cover; gear (e.g. in a car's transmission)

island; CL: | (), (zuò)

dǎo méi
to have bad luck; to be out of luck

dǎo yǎn
to direct; director (film etc)

dǎo zhì
to lead to; to create; to cause; to bring about

to place upside down; to invert; to pour; to throw out; to move backwards; however; actually; as a matter of fact; contrary to expectation

to reach; to arrive

virtue; morality; ethics; CL: | (zhǒng)

dào li
reason; argument; sense; principle; basis; justification; CL: | ()

dēng  pái
boarding pass

to register (one's name)

děng dài
to wait; to wait for

děng hòu
to wait; to wait for

to equal; to be tantamount to

a drop; to drip

really; indeed

enemy; CL: | ()

to hand over; to pass on sth; to gradually increase or decrease; progressively


local; regional; district (not necessarily formal administrative unit); region; area; as suffix to city name, means prefecture or county (area administered by a prefecture level city or county level city); CL: | ()

carpet; rug

position; status; place; CL: | ()


diǎn tóu
to nod

diǎn xin
light refreshments; pastry; dimsum (in Cantonese cooking); dessert

diàn chí
battery; CL: | (jié), | ()

diàn tái
transmitter-receiver; broadcasting station; radio station; CL: | (), (jiā)

to fish with a hook and bait

fourth of the ten Heavenly Stems (shí tiān gān); fourth in order; letter "D" or roman "IV" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc; ancient Chinese compass point: 195°; butyl; cubes (of food); surname Ding

apex; crown of the head; top; roof; most; to carry on the head; to push to the top; to go against; to replace; to substitute; to be subjected to (an aerial bombing, hailstorm etc); (slang) to "bump" a forum thread to raise its profile; classifier for headwear, hats, veils etc

cave; hole; zero (unambiguous spoken form when spelling out numbers); CL: | ()

to freeze; to feel very cold; aspic or jelly

dòng huà piàn
animated film

to stay; to stop; to tease (play with); amusing; short pause in reading aloud, equivalent to comma (also written | (dòu))

dòu fu
tofu; bean curd

independent; independence; to stand alone

unique; distinct; having special characteristics

to pass; to spend (time); to survive; to get through

duǎn xìn
text message; SMS

to pile up; to heap up; a mass; pile; heap; stack; large amount

to contrast; contrast; ratio; CL: | ()

duì dài
to treat; treatment

duì fāng
counterpart; other person involved; opposite side; other side; receiving party

duì shǒu
opponent; rival; competitor; (well-matched) adversary; match

duì xiàng
target; object; partner; boyfriend; girlfriend; CL: | ()

regarding; as far as sth is concerned; with regards to

ton (loanword); Taiwan pr: dùn

to crouch; to squat; to stay (somewhere)

duō kuī
thanks to; luckily

superfluous; unnecessary; surplus

duǒ cáng
to conceal oneself; to go into hiding; to take cover

è liè
vile; nasty; of very poor quality

to issue; to publish

to worry; to fret; to be anxious; to become sad

developed (country etc); flourishing; to develop

to tremble; to shake; to shiver

to display; to exhibit; to bring out implicit or innate qualities; to express (a thought or moral); to develop (an idea); to elaborate (on a theme)

to invent; an invention; CL: | ()

invoice; receipt or bill for purchase

to make a speech; statement; utterance; CL: | ()

to fine; penalty; fine (monetary)

court of law; court

fán róng
prosperous; booming (economy)

fán shì
each and every; every; all; any

fǎn ér
instead; on the contrary; contrary (to expectations)

repeatedly; over and over; to upend; unstable; to come and go; (of an illness) to return

fǎn yìng
to react; to respond; reaction; response; reply; chemical reaction; CL: | ()

fǎn zhèng
anyway; in any case; to come over from the enemy's side

square; power or involution (mathematics); upright; honest; fair and square; direction; side; party (to a contract, dispute etc); place; method; prescription (medicine); just when; only or just; classifier for square things; abbr. for square or cubic meter; surname Fang

fāng àn
plan; program (for action etc); proposal; proposed bill; CL: | (), (tào)

fāng shì
way; manner; style; mode; pattern; CL: | ()

fáng ài
to hinder; to obstruct

fáng dōng
to seem; as if; alike; similar

fàng sōng
to loosen; to relax

to not be; not; wrong; incorrect; non-; un-; in-; to reproach or blame; (colloquial) to insist on; simply must; abbr. for (fēi zhōu), Africa

féi zào
soap; CL: | (kuài), | (tiáo)

lung; CL: | ()

fèi huà
nonsense; rubbish; superfluous words; You don't say!; No kidding! (gently sarcastic)

fèi yòng
cost; expenditure; expense; CL: | (), | ()

fēn bié
to part or leave each other; to distinguish; difference; in different ways; differently; separately or individually

to scatter; to distribute; to be distributed (over an area etc); (statistical, geographic) distribution

fēn fēn
one after another; in succession; one by one; continuously; diverse; in profusion; numerous and confused; pell-mell

fēn pèi
to distribute; to assign; to allocate; to partition (a hard drive)

to analyze; analysis; CL: | ()

fèn dòu
to strive; to struggle

angry; indignant; wrath; ire


fēng kuáng
crazy; frantic; extreme popularity

social custom; CL: | ()

fēng xiǎn
risk; hazard

to satirize; to mock; irony; satire; sarcasm

fǒu dìng
to negate; to deny; to reject; negative (answer); negation

fǒu rèn
to declare to be untrue; to deny

to support with the hand; to help sb up; to support oneself by holding onto something; to help

width; roll; classifier for textiles or pictures

to obey (an order); to comply; to defer

dress; clothing; costume; clothes; CL: (shēn)

to coach; to tutor; to give advice (in study)

to pay a sum of money; payment


to duplicate; to make a copy of; to copy; to reproduce; to clone

reform; CL: (), | (zhǒng), | (xiàng); to reform

gǎi jìn
to improve; to make better; CL: | ()

gǎi shàn
to make better; to improve; CL: | ()

gǎi zhèng
to correct; to amend; to put right; correction; CL: | ()

lid; top; cover; canopy; to cover; to conceal; to build

gài kuò
to summarize; to generalize; briefly; CL: | ()

gài niàn
concept; idea; CL: | ()

gān cuì
straightforward; clear-cut; blunt (e.g. statement); you might as well; simply

to be grateful; to appreciate; thankful

gǎn jǐn
hurriedly; without delay

gǎn kuài
at once; immediately

gǎn shòu
to sense; perception; to feel (through the senses); to experience; a feeling; an impression; an experience

gǎn xiǎng
impressions; reflections; thoughts; CL: (tòng), | ()

tree trunk; main part of sth; to manage; to work; to do; capable; cadre; to kill (slang); to fuck (vulgar)

gàn huó r
to work; manual labor

gāng tiě

gāo dàng
superior quality; high grade; top grade

gāo  gōng 
expressway; highway; freeway

to do; to make; to go in for; to set up; to get hold of; to take care of

gào bié
to leave; to bid farewell to; to say good-bye to

arm; CL: | (zhī), | (tiáo), | (shuāng)

pigeon; dove; various birds of the family Columbidae

next door; neighbor

revolution; revolutionary (politics); CL: ()

especially; particularly

individual; specific; respective; just one or two

individual; personal; oneself

individuality; personality

root; basis; classifier for long slender objects, e.g. cigarettes, guitar strings; CL: | (tiáo); radical (chemistry)

gēn běn
fundamental; basic; root; simply; absolutely (not); (not) at all; CL: | ()

more; even more; further; still; still more

gèng jiā
more (than sth else); even more

to announce; to make public; to publish

gōng chǎng
factory; CL: (jiā), (zuò)

gōng chéng shī
engineer; CL: | (), (wèi), (míng)

gōng fu
skill; art; kung fu; labor; effort

gōng kāi
public; to publish; to make public

gōng néng
function; capability

gōng píng
fair; impartial

gōng rén
worker; CL: | (), (míng)


apartment building; block of flats; CL: (tào)

gōng yuán
CE (Common Era); Christian Era; AD (Anno Domini)

gōng zhǔ

gòng xiàn
to contribute; to dedicate; to devote; contribution; CL: | ()

gōu tōng
to join; to connect; to link up; to communicate

gòu chéng
to constitute; to form; to compose; to make up; to configure (computing)

paternal aunt; CL: | ()

girl; young woman; young lady; daughter; paternal aunt (old); CL: | ()

ancient times; olden times


ancient; old; age-old

share certificate; stock (finance)

bone; CL: (gēn), | (kuài); moral character; bitterness

heartening (news); to boost (morale); CL: | ()

to fix; to fasten; to set rigidly in place; fixed; set; regular

narrative; story; tale


to employ; to hire

guà hào
to register (at a hospital etc); to send by registered mail

(of a child) obedient, well-behaved; clever; shrewd; alert; perverse; contrary to reason; irregular; abnormal

guǎi wān
to go round a curve; to turn a corner; fig. a new direction

guài bu de
no wonder!; so that's why!

government official; governmental; official; public; organ of the body; CL: | (); surname Guan

to close; to shut

guān chá
to observe; to watch; to survey; to examine; observation; view; perspective; CL: | ()

guān diǎn
point of view; viewpoint; standpoint; CL: | ()
guān huái
care; solicitude; to show care for; concerned about; attentive to

guān niàn
notion; thought; concept; sense; views; ideology; general impressions

Guanzi or Guan Zhong 管仲 (-645 BC), famous politician of Qi 齊國|齐国 of Spring and Autumn period; Guanzi, classical book containing writings of Guan Zhong and his school

guàn jūn
champion; CL: | ()

guàn tou
tin; can; CL: | ()

guāng huá
glossy; sleek; smooth

guāng lín
(formal) to honor with one's presence; to attend

guāng míng
light; radiance; (fig.) bright (prospects etc); openhearted

guāng pán
compact disc; CD or DVD; CD ROM; CL: (piàn), | (zhāng)

guāng róng
honor and glory; glorious
guǎng chǎng
public square; plaza
(of an area) vast or extensive; large-scale; widespread; (of people) numerous
guǎng fàn
extensive; wide range

guī ju
lit. compass and set square; fig. established standard; rule; customs; practices; fig. upright and honest; well-behaved

rule (e.g. of science); law of behavior; regular pattern; rhythm; discipline

scale; scope; extent; CL: | ()

rule; regulation; rules and regulations

guì tái
sales counter; front desk; bar; (of markets, medicines etc) OTC (over-the-counter)

to boil; to roll; to take a hike; Get lost!

pot; pan; boiler; CL: (kǒu), | (zhī)


guó qìng jié
PRC National Day (October 1st)

guǒ shí
fruit (produced by a plant); (fig.) fruits (of success etc); results; gains

guò fèn
excessive; undue; overly

guò mǐn
oversensitive; allergic; allergy

to be overdue; to exceed the time limit; to expire (as in expiration date)

(experienced action marker)

(interj.) ha!; (onom. for laughter); (slang) to be infatuated with; to adore; abbr. for | ( tǎn), Kazakhstan; abbr. for | ( ěr bīn), Harbin

hǎi guān
customs (i.e. border crossing inspection); CL: | ()

hǎi xiān

to yell; to shout; to call out for (a person)

industry; business

háo huá

inquisitive; curious; inquisitiveness; curiosity

there is no need; why should

lawful; legitimate; legal

let alone; to say nothing of; besides; what's more

rational; reasonable; fair

peace; peaceful; Heping district of Shenyang city 沈陽市|沈阳市, Liaoning; Hoping township in Taichung county | (tái zhōng xiàn), Taiwan

(business) contract; CL: | ()

core; nucleus

to take a joint photo; group photo

to cooperate; to collaborate; to work together; cooperation; CL: | ()

to hate; to regret

horizontal; across; (horizontal character stroke)

hòu guǒ
consequences; aftermath

to neglect; to ignore

to breathe

pot; classifier for bottled liquid

butterfly; CL: | (zhī)

to talk nonsense; drivel

lane; alley; CL: | (tiáo)

muddled; silly; confused

beard; CL: (gēn), | (liǔ)

huā shēng
peanut; groundnut; CL: ()

huá bīng
to skate; skating

huá chuán
to row a boat; rowing boat; rowing (sport)

ethnic Chinese; non-Chinese citizen of Chinese ancestry

subject (of a talk or conversation); topic

huà xué
chemistry; chemical
huái niàn
to cherish the memory of; to think of; reminisce

huǎn jiě
to bring relief; to alleviate (a crisis); to dull (a pain)

huàn xiǎng
delusion; fantasy

huāng zhāng
confused; flustered

emperor; CL: | ()

huáng guā
cucumber; CL: | (tiáo)

huáng hòu
empress; imperial consort

huáng jīn
gold; golden (opportunity); prime (time)

to wave; to brandish; to command; to conduct; to scatter; to disperse

ash; dust; lime; gray; discouraged; dejected

huī chén

to reinstate; to resume; to restore; to recover; to regain; to rehabilitate

huī xīn
to lose heart; to be discouraged

exchange rate

wedding ceremony; wedding; CL: | (chǎng)

hūn yīn
matrimony; wedding; marriage; CL: | (zhuāng), ()

huó yuè
active; lively; excited; to enliven; to brighten up

huǒ bàn
partner; companion; comrade

huǒ chái
match (for lighting fire); CL: (gēn), ()

basic; fundamental; main; elementary

intense; acute; fierce

machine; CL: | (tái), (), | ()

muscle; flesh

to pass an exam or a test; to meet a minimum standard


collective; social; team; CL: | ()

to concentrate; to centralize; to focus; centralized; concentrated; to put together

 lǐng dài
tie one's necktie

variant of | ( ) (but in Taiwan, not for the verb sense "to record")

to record; record (written account); note-taker; record (in sports etc); CL: | ()


lonely; lonesome; (of a place) quiet; silent

to commemorate; to remember; CL: | ()

to count; to calculate; to compute; CL: | ()

to remember; to recall; memory; CL: | ()

jiā bīn
esteemed guest; honored guest; guest (on a show)

jiā tíng
family; household; CL: | (), | ()

household duties; housework

jiā xiāng
hometown; native place; CL: | ()

jiā zi
clip; clamp; tongs; folder; wallet

first of the ten Heavenly Stems (shí tiān gān); (used for an unspecified person or thing); first (in a list, as a party to a contract etc); letter "A" or roman "I" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc; armor plating; shell or carapace; (of the fingers or toes) nail; bladed leather or metal armor (old); ranking system used in the Imperial examinations (old); civil administration unit (old); ancient Chinese compass point: 75°


jiǎ zhuāng
to feign; to pretend

(of a woman) to marry; to marry off a daughter; to shift (blame etc)

jià shǐ
to pilot (ship, airplane etc); to drive

jià zhí
value; worth; fig. values (ethical, cultural etc); CL: | ()

to pan fry; to sauté

jiān bǎng

arduous; terrible (task); very difficult; formidable

jiān jué
firm; resolute; determined

difficult; hard; arduous

jiān qiáng
staunch; strong

jiān ruì
sharp; intense; penetrating; pointed; acute (illness)

to pick up; to collect; to gather

jiǎn dāo
scissors; CL: ()

curriculum vitae (CV); résumé; biographical notes

jiǎn zhí
simply; at all; practically

to establish; to set up; to found

jiàn pán

jiàn shè
to build; to construct; construction; constructive

jiàn shēn fáng
gym; gymnasium

to propose; to suggest; to recommend; proposal; suggestion; recommendation; CL: | (), | (diǎn)

jiàn zhù
to construct; building; CL: | ()

jiǎng jiu
to pay particular attention to; carefully selected for quality; tastefully chosen

jiǎng zuò
a course of lectures; CL: | ()

jiàng luò
to descend; to land

jiàng yóu
soy sauce

to pour liquid; to irrigate (using waterwheel); to water; to cast (molten metal); to mold

jiāo huàn
to exchange; to swap; to switch (telecom); commutative (math); to commute

communication; social intercourse

suburban district; outskirts; suburbs; CL: | ()

jiāo shuǐ

angle; point of view

jiǎo huá
crafty; cunning; sly

jiào cái
teaching material; CL: (běn)

jiào liàn
instructor; sports coach; trainer; CL: | (), (wèi), (míng)

jiào xun
lesson; moral; to chide sb; to lecture sb

jiē chù
to touch; to contact; access; in touch with

jiē dài
to receive (a visitor); to admit (allow sb to enter)

jiē duàn
stage; section; phase; period; CL: | ()

jiē jìn
to approach; to get close to

jiē shi
rugged; sturdy; strong; durable; buff (physique)

jiē zhe
to catch and hold on; to continue; to go on to do sth; to follow; to carry on; then; after that; subsequently; to proceed; to ensue; in turn; in one's turn

festival; holiday; node; joint; section; segment; part; to economize; to save; to abridge; moral integrity; classifier for segments, e.g. lessons, train wagons, biblical verses; CL: | ()

jié gòu
structure; composition; makeup; architecture; CL: (zuò), | ()

to combine; to link; to integrate; binding; CL: ()

jié lùn
conclusion; verdict; CL: | (); to conclude; to reach a verdict

jié shěng
saving; to save; to use sparingly; to cut down on

jié zhàng
to pay the bill; to settle accounts; Also written: 結帳|结帐

jiě fàng
to liberate; to emancipate; liberation; refers to the Communists' victory over the Nationalists in 1949; CL: ()

jiě shuō yuán

to arrive at (place or time); period; to become due; classifier for events, meetings, elections, sporting fixtures, years (of graduation)

jiè kǒu
to use as an excuse; on the pretext; excuse; pretext

jiè yān
to give up smoking

jiè zhi
(finger) ring

jīn shǔ
metal; CL: | (zhǒng)

tight; strict; close at hand; near; urgent; tense; hard up; short of money; to tighten

urgent; emergency

jǐn shèn
cautious; prudent

progress; improvement; to improve; to progress; CL: | ()

jìn dài
the not-very-distant past; modern times, excluding recent decades; (in the context of Chinese history) the period from the Opium Wars until the May 4th Movement (mid-19th century to 1919); capitalist times (pre-1949)

jìn kǒu
to import; imported; entrance; inlet (for the intake of air, water etc)

to strive one's hardest; to spare no effort

jìn liàng
as much as possible; to the greatest extent

jīng diǎn
the classics; scriptures; classical; classic (example, case etc); typical


jīng yíng
to engage in (business etc); to run; to operate

scenery; scene; landscape; view

jìng ài
respect and love

bar; pub; saloon; CL: (jiā)

to save; to assist; to rescue

jiù  chē
ambulance; CL: | (liàng)

jiù jiu
mother's brother; maternal uncle (informal); CL: | ()

unexpectedly; to one's surprise; go so far as to

tangerine; Also written: 橘子; CL: | (), (bàn)

to lift; to hold up; to cite; to enumerate; to act; to raise; to choose; to elect; act; move; deed

to possess; to have; equipped with; able to fulfill (conditions or requirements)

huge; immense; very large; tremendous; gigantic; enormous

party; gathering; to meet; to get together

club (the organisation or its premises) (loanword); CL: | ()

it is said that; reportedly

concrete; definite; specific

to contribute; to donate; contribution; tax; to abandon

to roll up; roll; classifier for small rolled things (wad of paper money, movie reel etc)

jué duì
absolute; unconditional

jué sài
finals (of a competition)

role; character in a novel; persona; also pr: jiǎo

jué xīn
determination; resolution; determined; firm and resolute; to make up one's mind; CL: | ()

jūn shì
military affairs; military matters; military

jūn yún
even; well-distributed; homogeneous; well-proportioned (figure, body etc)

truck; CL: | (liàng)

to exploit (a resource); to open up (for development); to develop

kāi fàng
to bloom; to open; to be open (to the public); to open up (to the outside); to be open-minded; unrestrained by convention; unconstrained in one's sexuality

kāi  shì
opening ceremony

kāi xīn
to feel happy; to rejoice; to have a great time; to make fun of sb

to chop; to cut down; to throw sth at sb

kàn bu 
to look down upon; to despise

to protest; protest

roast duck

classifier for small spheres, pearls, corn grains, teeth, hearts, satellites etc

it can clearly be seen (that this is the case); it is (thus) clear; clear; visible


awful; dreadful; fearful; formidable; frightful; scary; hideous; horrible; terrible; terribly

to be able to; to subdue; to restrain; to overcome; gram; Tibetan unit of land area, about 6 ares

course; academic program; CL: (táng), | (jié), | (mén)

(try to) overcome (hardships etc); to conquer; to put up with; to endure

objective; impartial

hardworking; assiduous

drawing room (room for arriving guests); living room; CL: | (jiān)

kōng jiān
empty space; room; outer space; space (physics, math.); (fig.) scope; leeway

terrible; frightful; frightening; terror; terrorist

kòng xián
idle; free time; leisure; unused (place)

kòng zhì
control; to exercise control over; to contain

kǒu wèi
a person's preferences; tastes (in food); flavor

to boast; to exaggerate; to praise

accountant; accountancy; accounting

kuàng quán shuǐ
mineral spring water; CL: (píng), (bēi)

hot pepper; chili

candle; CL: (gēn), (zhī)

to come from (a place); From: (in email header)

to block sb's path; to obstruct; to flag down (a taxi)

soft; mushy; well-cooked and soft; to rot; to decompose; rotten; worn out; chaotic; messy; utterly; thoroughly; crappy; bad

wolf; CL: (), | (zhī), | (tiáo)

láo dòng
work; toil; physical labor; CL: ()

láo jià
excuse me

lǎo bǎi xìng
ordinary people; the "person in the street"; CL: | ()

lǎo bǎn
boss; business proprietor; CL: | (); Robam (brand)

lǎo lao
(coll.) mother's mother; maternal grandmother

lǎo shi
honest; sincere; well-behaved; open and guileless; naive

lǎo shǔ
rat; mouse; CL: | (zhī)

optimistic; hopeful

thunder; mine (weapon); (Internet slang) terrifying; terrific; surname Lei

kind; type; class; category; similar; like; to resemble

tired; weary; to strain; to wear out; to work hard

pear; CL: | ()

to divorce; divorced from (one's spouse)


 bài tiān

theory; CL: | (); to argue; to take notice of

reason; grounds; justification; CL: | ()

grain; granule; classifier for small round things (peas, bullets, peanuts, pills, grains etc)

cube (math.); abbr. for | ( fāng ); abbr. for ( fāng )


forthwith; immediate; prompt; promptly; straightway; thereupon; at once

power; force; strength


interest (on a loan); CL: | ()

benefit; (in sb's) interest; CL: | ()

to exploit; to make use of; to use; to take advantage of; to utilize

to combine; to join; unite; alliance

lián máng
promptly; at once

serialized drama; dramatic series; show in parts

liàn ài
(romantic) love; CL: | (), | (chǎng); in love; to have an affair

liáng hǎo
good; favorable; well; fine

liáng shi
foodstuff; cereals; CL: | (zhǒng)

liǎo bu 
amazing; terrific; extraordinary

lín shí
as the time draws near; at the last moment; temporary; interim; ad hoc

(small) bell; CL: | (zhī)

líng huó
flexible; nimble; agile

líng jiàn
part; component

líng qián
change (of money); small change; pocket money

líng shí
between-meal nibbles; snacks

lǐng dǎo
lead; leading; to lead; leadership; leader; CL: (wèi), | ()

domain; sphere; field; territory; area

liú chuán
to spread; to circulate; to hand down

liú lǎn
to skim over; to browse

dragon; CL: | (tiáo); imperial; surname Long

to leak; to divulge; to leave out by mistake; waterclock or hourglass (old)

dew; syrup; nectar; outdoors (not under cover); to show; to reveal; to betray; to expose; surname Lu

dry land (as opposed to the sea)

to accept an applicant (prospective student, employee etc) who passes an entrance exam; to admit (a student); to hire (a job candidate)

in turn; successively; one after the other; bit by bit

to record (sound); sound recording; CL: | ()

lún liú
to alternate; to take turns

lùn wén
paper; treatise; thesis; CL: (piān); to discuss a paper or thesis (old)

luó ji
logic (loanword)

luò hòu
to fall behind; to lag (in technology etc); backward; to retrogress

to scold; to abuse; to curse; CL: (tòng), | (dùn)

mài  fēng
microphone (loanword)

mán tou
steamed roll; steamed bun; steamed bread; CL: | ()

to satisfy; to meet (the needs of); satisfied; content

hair; feather; down; wool; mildew; mold; coarse or semifinished; young; raw; careless; unthinking; nervous; scared; (of currency) to devalue or depreciate; classifier for Chinese fractional monetary unit ( = (jiǎo) , = one-tenth of a yuan or 10 fen (fēn)); surname Mao

máo bìng
fault; defect; shortcomings; ailment; CL: | ()

máo dùn
contradiction; CL: | (); conflicting views; contradictory

mào xiǎn
to take risks; to take chances; foray; adventure

(commercial) trade; CL: | ()

méi mao
eyebrow; CL: (gēn)

méi tàn

měi shù
art; fine arts; painting; CL: | (zhǒng)

charm; fascination; glamor; charisma

to lose the way; lost; labyrinth; labyrinthus vestibularis (of the inner ear)

riddle; conundrum; CL: | (tiáo)

bee; honeybee; CL: | (zhī), (qún)

secret; CL: | ()

close; familiar; intimate; closely (related); to foster close ties; to pay close attention


mián hua

miàn duì
to confront; to face

area (of a floor, piece of land etc); surface area; tract of land

miàn lín
to face sth; to be confronted with

miáo tiao
(of a woman) slim; slender; graceful

miáo xiě
to describe; to depict; to portray; description

second (of time); unit of angle or arc equivalent to one sixtieth of a degree

mín zhǔ

míng pái
famous brand

míng piàn
(business) card

míng què
clear-cut; definite; explicit; to clarify; to specify; to make definite

míng shèng  
historical sites and scenic spots

míng xiǎn
clear; distinct; obvious

míng xìn piàn

míng xīng
star; celebrity

mìng lìng
order; command; CL: (dào), | ()

mìng yùn
fate; destiny; CL: | ()

to feel with the hand; to touch; to stroke; to grope; to steal; to abstract
to imitate; to copy; to emulate; to mimic; model

vague; indistinct; fuzzy

 tuō chē
motorbike; motorcycle (loanword); CL: | (liàng), ()

strange; unfamiliar

some; a certain; sb or sth indefinite; such-and-such

target; goal; objective; CL: | ()

catalog; table of contents; directory (on computer hard drive); list; contents

at the present time; currently

slow-witted; blockhead; log (of wood, timber etc); CL: | (kuài), (gēn)

even; even if; even though; no matter how

nán guài
(it's) no wonder (that...); (it's) not surprising (that)

nán kàn
ugly; unsightly

nǎo dài
head; skull; brains; mental capability; CL: | (), | ()

internal medicine; general medicine

tender; soft; delicate; light (color); inexperienced; unskilled

néng gàn
capable; competent

néng yuán
energy; power source; CL: | ()

nián dài
a decade of a century (e.g. the Sixties); age; era; period; CL: | ()

age; CL: (), | ()

to read; to study (a subject); to attend (a school); to read aloud; to miss (sb); idea; remembrance; twenty (banker's anti-fraud numeral corresponding to 廿, 20)

preferably; one would prefer to...(or not to...); would rather; (would) be better to; (to pick) the lesser of two evils

niú zǎi 
jeans; CL: | (tiáo)

concentrated; dense; strong (smell etc)

nóng mín
peasant; farmer; CL: | ()

agriculture; farming

lady; madam; CL: | (), (wèi); Miss; Ms

ǒu rán
incidentally; occasional; occasionally; by chance; randomly

to pat; to clap; to slap; to swat; to take (a photo); to shoot (a film); racket (sports); beat (music)

pái duì
to line up

pái qiú
volleyball; CL: | ()

clique; school; group; faction; to dispatch; to send; to assign; to appoint; pi (Greek letter Ππ); the circular ratio pi = 3.1415926; (loanword) pie

pàn wàng
to hope for; to look forward to

péi cháng
to compensate

péi yǎng
to cultivate; to breed; to foster; to nurture; to educate; to groom (for a position); education; fostering; culture (biology)

to admire

matching; fitting in with; compatible with; to correspond; to fit; to conform to; rapport; to coordinate with; to act in concert with; to cooperate; to become man and wife; to combine parts of machine

basin; flower pot; unit of volume equal to 12 斗 and 8 升, approx 128 liters; CL: | ()

pèng jiàn
to run into; to meet (unexpectedly); to bump into

to drape over one's shoulders; to open; to unroll; to split open; to spread out

to ascertain; to act on; to criticize; to pass on; classifier for batches, lots, military flights; tier (for the ranking of universities and colleges)

to approve; to ratify

fatigue; wearily; weariness; weary

leather shoes

classifier for horses, mules etc; Taiwan pr: ; ordinary person; classifier for cloth: bolt; horsepower

thin piece; flake; a slice; film; TV play; to slice; to carve thin; partial; incomplete; one-sided; classifier for slices, tablets, tract of land, area of water; classifier for CDs, movies, DVDs etc; used with numeral (): classifier for scenario, scene, feeling, atmosphere, sound etc

piàn miàn
unilateral; one-sided

to float

pín dào
frequency; (television) channel

pǐn zhǒng
breed; variety; CL: | ()

flat; level; equal; to tie (make the same score); to draw (score); calm; peaceful; see also | (píng shēng); surname Ping

to lean against; to rely on; on the basis of; no matter (how, what etc); proof

píng cháng
ordinary; common; usually; ordinarily

píng děng
equal; equality

píng fāng
square (as in square foot, square mile, square root)

píng héng
balance; equilibrium

píng jià
to evaluate; to assess

píng jìng
tranquil; undisturbed; serene

píng jūn
average; on average; evenly; in equal proportions

to go bankrupt; to become impoverished; bankruptcy

destruction; damage; to wreck; to break; to destroy

urgent; pressing

plain and simple; unadorned; simple living; not frivolous

to look forward to; to await; expectation

period of time; time; time period; period; CL: | ()

miracle; miraculous; wonder; marvel

the rest; the others; remaining; remainder; apart from them

to enlighten; to explain (a text etc); to stimulate (a mental attitude); enlightenment; revelation; motivation

to attempt; to try; attempt; CL: | (zhǒng)

company; firm; enterprise; corporation; CL: (jiā)

atmosphere; mood


qi lai
(after a verb) indicating the beginning and continuation of an action or a state; indicating an upward movement (e.g. after (zhàn)); bringing things together (e.g. after (shōu shi)); (after a perception verb, e.g. (kàn)) expressing preliminary judgment; also pr: lai

to lead along; to pull (an animal on a tether); (bound form) to involve; to draw in

modest; self-effacing; to make modest remarks

to sign (one's name); signature

prospects; future outlook; journey

shallow; light (color)

deficient; to owe; to lack; yawn

gun; firearm; rifle; spear; thing with shape or function similar to a gun; CL: (zhī), (), | (gǎn), | (tiáo), (zhī); to substitute for another person in a test; to knock; classifier for rifle shots; surname Qiang

qiáng diào
to emphasize (a statement); to stress

qiáng liè
intense; (violently) strong

to fight over; to rush; to scramble; to grab; to rob; to snatch

qiāo qiāo
quietly; secretly; stealthily; quiet; worried; Taiwan pr: qiǎo qiǎo

to look at; to see; to see (a doctor); to visit

qiǎo miào
ingenious; clever; ingenuity; artifice

to cut; to slice; tangent (math)

qīn ài
dear; beloved; darling

qīn lüè
invasion; encroachment

qīn qiè
amiable; cordial; close and dear; familiar

personally; in person; oneself

qín fèn
hardworking; diligent

qín láo
hardworking; industrious; diligent

nature's color; green or blue; greenish black; youth; young (of people); abbr. for (qīng hǎi), Qinghai Province

qīng chūn
youth; youthfulness

qīng dàn
light (of food, not greasy or strongly flavored); insipid; slack (sales)

qīng shào nián
adolescent; youth; teenager

qīng shì
contempt; contemptuous; to despise; to scorn; scornful

qíng jǐng
scene; spectacle; circumstances; situation

mood; state of mind; moodiness; CL: | (zhǒng)

qǐng qiú
to request; to ask; request; CL: | ()

qìng zhù
to celebrate

fan (ball sports); CL: | ()

trend; tendency

to take a wife; to marry (a woman)

to cancel; cancellation

to pass away; to die

circle; ring; loop; classifier for loops, orbits, laps of race etc; CL: | (); to surround; to circle

power; authority

power; right; privilege

quán miàn
all-around; comprehensive; total; overall

to advise; to urge; to try to persuade; to exhort; to console; to soothe

to lack; to be short of; lack; shortage

què dìng
definite; certain; fixed; to fix (on sth); to determine; to be sure; to ensure; to make certain; to ascertain; to clinch; to recognize; to confirm; OK (on computer dialog box)

què rèn
to confirm; to verify; confirmation

rán shāo
to ignite; to combust; to burn; combustion; flaming

to blurt out; to shout

to wind; to coil (thread); to rotate around; to spiral; to move around; to go round (an obstacle); to by-pass; to make a detour; to confuse; to perplex

to love ardently; to adore

enthusiastic; ardent; warm

enthusiasm; zeal; zealous; zest; enthusiastic; ardent; warmhearted

rén cái
talent; talented person; looks; attractive looks

rén kǒu
population; people

rén lèi
humanity; human race; mankind

rén shēng
life (one's time on earth)

rén shì
personnel; human resources; human affairs; ways of the world; (euphemism) sexuality; the facts of life

person; character (in a play, novel etc); protagonist; CL: | ()

rén yuán
staff; crew; personnel; CL: | ()

rěn bu zhù
cannot help; unable to bear

daily; everyday

schedule; itinerary; CL: | ()

calendar; CL: | (zhāng), (běn)

date; CL: | ()

 yòng pǐn
articles for daily use; CL: (jiàn), | ()

róng huà
to melt; to thaw; to dissolve; to blend into; to combine; to fuse

róng xìng
honored (to have the privilege of ...)

honor; credit; glory; (honorable) reputation; honorary

how; what way; what

nowadays; now

ruǎn jiàn
(computer) software

weak; feeble; young; inferior; (following a decimal or fraction) slightly less than

to sprinkle; to spray; to spill; to shed

sǎng zi
throat; voice; CL: ()

to kill; to murder; to attack; to weaken or reduce; to smart (dialect); (used after a verb) extremely

desert; CL: | ()

shā tān
beach; sandy shore; CL: (piàn)


(of the sun) to shine on; to bask in (the sunshine); to dry (clothes, grain etc) in the sun; (fig.) to expose and share (one's experiences and thoughts) on the Web (loanword from "share"); (coll.) to give the cold shoulder to

shān chú
to delete; to cancel

shǎn diàn
lightning; CL: (dào)

shàn liáng
good and honest; kindhearted

to be good at; to be adept at

shāng pǐn
commodity; goods; merchandise; CL: | ()

business; trade; commerce

on top; upon; above; upper; previous; first (of multiple parts); to climb; to get onto; to go up; to attend (class or university)

shàng dàng
taken in (by sb's deceit); to be fooled; to be duped

sháo zi
scoop; ladle; CL: ()

snake; serpent; CL: | (tiáo)

shé tou
tongue; CL: | (); enemy soldier captured for the purpose of extracting information

shě bu de
to hate to do sth; to hate to part with; to begrudge

shè bèi
equipment; facilities; installations; CL: | ()

to shoot; to fire (a gun)

plan; design; to design; to plan; CL: | ()

shè shī
facilities; installation

shè yǐng
to take a photograph; photography; to shoot (a movie)

to stretch; to extend

shēn cái
stature; build (height and weight); figure

shēn fèn
identity; status; capacity; dignity; position; rank

profound; deep; deep-going

shén huà
legend; fairy tale; myth; mythology

shén jīng
nerve; mental state; (coll.) unhinged; nutjob

mysterious; mystery

to ascend; to rise to the rank of; to promote; to hoist; liter; measure for dry grain equal to one-tenth dou (dǒu)

shēng chǎn
to produce; to manufacture; to give birth to a child

shēng diào
tone; note; a tone (on a Chinese syllable); CL: | ()

shēng dòng
vivid; lively

shéng zi
cord; string; rope; CL: | (tiáo)

shěng lüè
to leave out; an omission

victory; CL: | ()

poem; CL: (shǒu); poetry; verse; abbr. for Shijing | (shī jīng), the Book of Songs

shī mián
to suffer from insomnia

to lose

unemployment; to lose one's job

shí dài
age; era; epoch; period (in one's life); CL: | (); Time, US weekly news magazine

shí huà

shí jiàn
practice; to put into practice; to live up to (a promise); to carry out (a project)

moment; CL: | (); constantly; always

shí máo
in vogue; fashionable

period; phase; CL: | ()

shí shàng
fashion; fad; fashionable

shí tou
stone; CL: | (kuài)

food; CL: | (zhǒng)

to practice; field work; to intern; internship

shí xiàn
to achieve; to implement; to realize; to bring about

shí xíng
to implement; to carry out; to put into practice

shí yàn
experiment; test; CL: | (), (); experimental; to experiment

shí yòng
practical; functional; pragmatic; applied (science)
shǐ jìn r
erhua variant of 使|使 (shǐ jìn)

shǐ zhōng
from beginning to end; all along

shì bīng
soldier; CL: | ()

shì de
seems as if; rather like; Taiwan pr: de

shì fǒu
whether (or not); if; is or isn't

shì juàn
examination paper; test paper; CL: (fèn), | (zhāng)

shì qing
affair; matter; thing; business; CL: (jiàn), | (zhuāng)

shì shí
fact; CL: | ()

thing; object; CL: | ()

shì xiān
in advance; before the event; beforehand; prior

shōu huò
to harvest; to reap; to gain; crop; harvest; profit; gain; bonus; reward

receipt; CL: | (zhāng)

shǒu gōng
handwork; manual

shǒu shù
(surgical) operation; surgery; CL: | ()

shǒu tào
glove; mitten; CL: | (shuāng), | (zhī)

procedure; CL: (dào), | (); formalities

shǒu zhǐ
finger; CL: | (), | (zhī)

shòu dào
to receive; to suffer; obtained; given
shòu mìng
life span; life expectancy; lifetime (of a machine)

shòu shāng
to sustain injuries; wounded (in an accident etc); harmed

shū cài
vegetables; produce; CL: | (zhǒng)

shū jià
bookshelf; CL: | ()

to import; to input

shū shì
cozy; snug

shū zi
comb; CL: ()

shú liàn
practiced; proficient; skilled; skillful

shǔ biāo
mouse (computing)

to be classified as; to belong to; to be part of

data; numbers; digital

number; numerals; figures; digital; amount; numerical code

to throw down; to fall; to drop and break

to throw; to fling; to swing; to leave behind; to throw off; to dump (sb)

shuāng fāng
bilateral; both sides; both parties involved

taxes; duties

shuō bu dìng
can't say for sure; maybe

to persuade; to convince; to talk sb over; Taiwan pr: shuì

to tear

silk cloth; silk

the slightest amount or degree; a bit

to reflect on; to ponder over

private; personal; interpersonal; sb with whom one has a close personal relationship; a member of one's clique

thought; thinking; idea; ideology; CL: | ()

apparently; to seem; to appear; as if; seemingly

temple; monastery; shrine
dormitory; dorm room; living quarters; hostel; CL: | (jiān)

suí shí
at any time; at all times; at the right time

to break down; to break into pieces; fragmentary

sūn zi
grandson; son's son

sǔn shī
loss; damage; CL: | (); to lose; to suffer damage

suō duǎn
to curtail; to cut down

suō xiǎo
to reduce; to decrease; to shrink

actually; place; classifier for houses, small buildings, institutions etc; that which; particle introducing a relative clause or passive; CL: | ()

to lock up; to lock; lock; CL: ()

suǒ wèi
so-called; what is called

pagoda; tower; minaret; stupa (abbr. loanword from Sanskrit tapo); CL: (zuò)

tái jiē
steps; flight of steps; step (over obstacle); fig. way out of an embarrassing situation; bench (geology)

tài  quán
shadowboxing or Taiji, T'aichi or T'aichichuan; traditional form of physical exercise or relaxation; a martial art

tài tai
married woman; Mrs.; Madam; wife; CL: | (), (wèi)

tán pàn
to negotiate; negotiation; talks; conference; CL: | ()

tǎn shuài
frank (discussion); blunt; open

classifier for times, round trips or rows; a time; a trip

to scald; to burn (by scalding); to blanch (cooking); to heat (sth) up in hot water; to perm; to iron; scalding hot

to escape; to run away; to flee


to escape; to evade; to avoid; to shirk

to cover; to encase; cover; sheath; to overlap; to interleave; to model after; to copy; formula; harness; loop of rope; (fig.) to fish for; to obtain slyly; classifier for sets, collections; bend (of a river or mountain range, in place names); tau (Greek letter Ττ)

special; particular; unusual; extraordinary

specially; intentionally

characteristic; diagnostic property; distinctive feature; trait

téng ài
to love dearly

to carry (hanging down from the hand); to lift; to put forward; to mention; to raise (an issue); upwards character stroke; lifting brush stroke (in painting); scoop for measuring liquid

to promote; to advocate

outline; synopsis; notes

subject; title; topic; CL: | ()

to question; to quiz; to grill

to know from experience; to learn through experience; to realize; understanding; experience

volume; bulk; CL: | ()

considerate (of other people's needs)

to embody; to reflect; to incarnate

to experience for oneself

tiān kōng

tiān zhēn
naive; innocent; artless

field; open land; CL: (piàn)

naughty; mischievous; unruly

tiáo zhěng
to adjust; adjustment; revision; CL: | ()

tiǎo zhàn
to challenge; challenge

tōng cháng
regular; usual; normal; usually; normally

tōng xùn
communications; news story; dispatch; CL: | ()

copper (chemistry); see also | (hóng tóng); CL: | (kuài)

tóng shí
at the same time; simultaneously

to unify; to unite; to integrate

tǒng zhì
to rule (a country); to govern; rule; regime

pain; suffering; painful; CL: | ()

tòng kuài
delighted; to one's heart's content; straightforward; also pr: tòng kuai

investment; to invest

tòu míng
transparent; open (non-secretive)

prominent; outstanding; to give prominence to; to protrude; to project

land; soil; territory; CL: (piàn), | (kuài)

potato; CL: | (); (Tw) peanut; CL: | ()

to vomit; to throw up

hare; rabbit; CL: | (zhī)

round; lump; ball; to roll into a ball; to gather; regiment; group; society; classifier for a lump or a soft mass: wad (of paper), ball (of wool), cloud (of smoke)

to decline (an appointment, invitation etc)
tuī guǎng
to extend; to spread; to popularize; generalization; promotion (of a product etc)

tuī jiàn
to recommend; recommendation
to retreat; to decline; to move back; to withdraw
to do less well than before; to make a concession; setback; backward step; leeway; room to maneuver; fallback
tuì xiū
to retire; retirement (from work)

askew; at a crooked angle; devious; noxious; (coll.) to lie on one's side

wài jiāo
diplomacy; diplomatic; foreign affairs; CL: | ()

to bend; bent; a bend; a turn (in the road etc); CL: (dào)

plaything; toy

wán měi
perfect; perfection; perfectly

wán shàn
perfect; to make perfect; to improve

wán zhěng
complete; intact

just in case; if by any chance; contingency

prince; son of a king

wǎng fǎn
to go back and forth; to go to and fro; round trip

wēi hài
to jeopardize; to harm; to endanger; harmful effect; damage; CL: | ()

wēi xiào
smile; CL: | (), | (); to smile

wēi xié
to threaten; to menace

wéi fǎn
to violate (a law)

to defend; to safeguard; to protect; to uphold; to maintain

wéi jīn
scarf; shawl; CL: | (tiáo)

wéi rào
to revolve around; to center on (an issue)

only; sole

wěi ba
tail; colloquial pr. [yi3 ba5]

huge; great; grand; worthy of the greatest admiration; important (contribution etc)

wěi qu
to feel wronged; to cause sb to feel wronged; grievance

wěi tuō
to entrust; to trust; to commission

stomach; CL: | ()

to fear

not necessarily; maybe not

wèi lái
future; tomorrow; CL: | (); approaching; coming; pending

wèi shēng jiān
bathroom; toilet; WC; CL: | (jiān)

wèi zhi
position; place; seat; CL: | ()

wēn nuǎn

wēn róu
gentle and soft; tender

to hear; news; well-known; famous; reputation; fame; to smell; to sniff at; surname Wen

wén jiàn
document; file; CL: (fèn)

stationery; item of stationery (pen, pencil, eraser, pencil sharpener etc)

wén míng
civilized; civilization; culture; CL: | ()

wén xué
literature; CL: | (zhǒng)

kiss; to kiss; mouth

wěn dìng
steady; stable; stability; to stabilize; to pacify

wèn hòu
to give one's respects; to send a greeting

bedroom; CL: | (jiān)

house; room; CL: | (jiān)

helpless; without choice; for lack of better option; grudgingly; willy-nilly; nolens volens; abbr. for | ( nài )

countless; numberless; innumerable

weapon; arms; CL: | (zhǒng)

military skill or technique (in former times); all kinds of martial art sports (some claiming spiritual development); self-defense; tradition of choreographed fights from opera and film (recent usage); also called kungfu 功夫; CL: | (zhǒng)

fog; mist; CL: | (cháng), | (zhèn)

physics; physical

matter; substance; material; materialistic; CL: | ()

to absorb; to assimilate; to ingest; to recruit

to connect; to relate to; to tie up; to bind; to be (literary)

details; particulars

drama; play; theater

system; CL: | ()

blind; groundlessly; foolishly; to no purpose

to frighten; to scare

xià zǎi
to download; also pr: xià zài

xiān yàn
bright-colored; gaily-colored

xiǎn de
to seem; to look; to appear

xiǎn rán
clear; evident; obvious(ly)

xiǎn shì
to show; to illustrate; to display; to demonstrate


xiàn jīn

xiàn shí
reality; actuality; real; actual; realistic

xiàn xiàng
appearance; phenomenon; CL: | (), | (zhǒng)

xiāng chǔ
to be in contact (with sb); to associate; to interact; to get along (well, poorly)

xiāng dāng
equivalent to; appropriate; considerably; to a certain extent; fairly; quite

xiāng duì
relatively; opposite; to resist; to oppose; relative; vis-a-vis; counterpart

xiāng guān
related; relevant; pertinent; to be interrelated; (statistics) correlation

xiāng lián
to link; to join; link; connection

to resemble; similar; like; resemblance; similarity

xiǎng niàn
to miss; to remember with longing; to long to see again

xiǎng shòu
to enjoy; to live it up; pleasure; CL: | (zhǒng)

xiǎng xiàng
to imagine; to fancy; CL: | ()

to resemble; to be like; to look as if; such as; appearance; image; portrait; image under a mapping (math.)

xiàng liàn
necklace; CL: | (tiáo)

item; project; (sports) event; CL: | ()

rubber; an eraser; CL: | (kuài)

Chinese chess; CL: ()

xiàng zhēng
emblem; symbol; token; badge; to symbolize; to signify; to stand for

xiāo fèi
to consume; CL: | ()

xiāo huà
to digest; digestion; digestive

xiāo miè
to put an end to; to annihilate; to cause to perish; to perish; annihilation (in quantum field theory)

xiāo shī
to disappear; to fade away

xiāo shòu
to sell; to market; sales (representative, agreement etc)

xiǎo chī
snack; refreshments; CL: (jiā)

xiǎo huǒ zi
young man; young guy; lad; youngster; CL: | ()

xiǎo mài
wheat; CL: ()

xiǎo tōu


to rest; to take a break; to stop; to halt; (dialect) to sleep; a moment; a short while

inclined; slanting; oblique; tilting

xié tiáo
to coordinate; to harmonize; to fit together; to match (colors etc); harmonious; concerted

mental; psychological

xīn shǎng
to appreciate; to enjoy; to admire

xīn zàng
heart; CL: | (), | ()

xìn fēng
envelope; CL: | ()

xìn hào

information; news; message

xíng chéng
to form; to take shape

xíng dòng
operation; action; to move; mobile; CL: | ()

xíng rén
pedestrian; traveler on foot; passer-by; official responsible for arranging audiences with the emperor

xíng róng
to describe; description; appearance; look

xíng shì
circumstances; situation; terrain; CL: | ()

xíng shì
outer appearance; form; shape; formality; CL: | ()

xíng wéi
action; conduct; behavior; activity

xíng xiàng
image; form; figure; CL: | (); visualization; vivid

xíng zhuàng
form; shape; CL: | ()

xìng kuī
fortunately; luckily

xìng yùn
fortunate; lucky; fortune; luck

xìng zhì
nature; characteristic; CL: | ()

chest; bosom; heart; mind; thorax

brothers; younger brother; CL: | (); I, me (humble term used by men in public speech); brotherly; fraternal

xióng wěi
grand; imposing; magnificent; majestic

xiū gǎi
to amend; to alter; to modify

xiū xián
leisure; relaxation; not working; idle; to enjoy leisure; to lie fallow

open-minded; humble

to relate (a story or information); to tell or talk about; to recount; narration; telling; narrative; account

to declare; to announce; to proclaim

xuān chuán
to disseminate; to give publicity to; propaganda; CL: | ()

to elect; election; CL: (), | ()

term; semester; CL: | ()

xué shù
learning; science; academic; CL: | ()

xué wèn
learning; knowledge; CL: | ()

xún wèn
to inquire

xún zhǎo
to seek; to look for

xùn liàn
to train; to drill; training; CL: | ()

rapid; speedy; fast

yán cháng
to prolong; to extend; to delay; Yanchang county in Yan'an (yán ān), Shaanxi

solemn; grave; serious; earnest; severe

yàn huì
banquet; feast; dinner party; CL: (), | ()

yáng tái
balcony; porch

to itch; to tickle

yàng shì
type; style

waist; lower back; pocket; middle; loins

to shake; to rock; to row; to crank; surname Yao

to bite; to nip

otherwise; or else; how about...?; either... (or...)

yào shi



business; professional work; service; CL: | (xiàng)

in one's spare time; outside working hours; amateur (historian etc)

 bèi zi
(for) a lifetime

in case (sth happens); if; once (sth happens, then...); when; in a short time; in one day

  píng ān
to have a pleasant journey; Bon voyage!

still; as before

unanimous; identical (views or opinions)

to move; movement; migration; mobile; portable

regret; to regret; to be sorry that

to immigrate; to migrate; emigrant; immigrant

question; interrogation; doubt

second of the ten Heavenly Stems (shí tiān gān); second in order; letter "B" or roman "II" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc; second party (in legal contract, usually ( fāng), as opposed to (jiǎ fāng)); ethyl; bent; winding; radical in Chinese characters (Kangxi radical 5); ancient Chinese compass point: 105°

as well as; too; and

since (a previous event)

to comment; to talk about; to discuss; discussion; CL: | ()

unexpected; accident; mishap; CL: | ()

duty; obligation; CL: | (xiàng); volunteer (work etc)

sense; meaning; significance; importance; CL: | ()

yīn ér
therefore; as a result; thus; and as a result, ...

element; factor; CL: | ()

silver; silver-colored; relating to money or currency

yīng jùn

yīng xióng
hero; CL: | ()

yíng jiē
to meet; to welcome; to greet

yíng yǎng
nutrition; nourishment; CL: | (zhǒng)

to do business; to trade

yǐng zi
shadow; reflection; (fig.) hint; indication; influence; CL: | ()

coin; CL: (méi)

yìng fu
to deal with; to cope

yìng jiàn

yìng pìn
to accept a job offer; to apply for an advertised position

yìng yòng
to use; to apply; application; applicable

yōng bào
to embrace; to hug

crowded; to throng; congestion

courage; valor

use; application

yōu huì
preferential; favorable; deal; offer; discount

yōu jiǔ
long (tradition, history etc)

yōu měi
graceful; fine; elegant

yōu shì
superiority; dominance; advantage

post office; CL: (jiā), | ()

yóu lǎn
to go sightseeing; to tour; to visit; CL: ()

to hesitate

yóu zhá
to deep fry

advantageous; to have advantages; favorable

yòu ér yuán
kindergarten; nursery school

to entertain; to amuse; entertainment; recreation; amusement; hobby; fun; joy

and; to give; together with

rather than...; | ( ) A ( ) B (rather than A, better to B)

tone; manner of speaking; mood; CL: | ()

universe; cosmos


to place an order; to book ahead

to prevent; to take precautions against; to protect; to guard against; precautionary; prophylactic

corn; maize; CL: ()

yuán dàn
New Year's Day

reason; cause

yuán liào
raw material; CL: | ()

principle; doctrine; CL: | ()

yuàn wàng
desire; wish

confused; dizzy; giddy; to faint; to swoon; to lose consciousness; to pass out

yùn qi
luck (good or bad)

yùn shū
transport; haulage; transit; CL: | ()

yùn yòng
to use; to put to use

zāi hài
calamity; disaster; CL: | ()

zài sān
over and over again; again and again

zàn chéng
to approve; to endorse; (literary) to assist

zàn měi
to admire; to praise; to eulogize

dirty; filthy

zāo gāo
too bad; how terrible; what bad luck; terrible; bad

zào chéng
to bring about; to create; to cause

(conjunction used to express contrast with a previous clause) but; then; standard; norm; principle; to imitate; to follow; classifier for written items

to blame; to criticize; condemnation; reproach

to take; to borrow; to pick (flowers, fruit etc); to pluck; to select; to remove; to take off (glasses, hat etc)

zhān tiē
to stick; to affix; to adhere; to paste (as in "copy and paste"); Taiwan pr: nián tiē; Also written: 黏貼|黏贴[nian2 tie1]

zhǎn kāi
to unfold; to carry out; to be in full swing; to launch

zhǎn lǎn
to put on display; to exhibit; exhibition; show; CL: | (), ()
zhàn xiàn
busy (telephone line)

zhàn zhēng
war; conflict; CL: | (cháng), ()

to rise (of prices, rivers)

to grasp (often fig.); to control; to seize (initiative, opportunity, destiny); to master; to know well; to understand sth well and know how to use it; fluency

bank account; online account

zhāo dài
to receive (guests); to entertain; reception

zháo liáng
to catch cold; Taiwan pr: zhāo liáng

zhào cháng
as usual

zhào kāi
to convene (a conference or meeting); to convoke; to call together

zhé xué
philosophy; CL: | ()

zhēn duì
to target; to focus on; to be aimed at or against; in response to

truth; CL: | ()

zhēn shí
true; real

to treasure; to value; to cherish

zhěn duàn
diagnosis; to diagnose

zhěn tou

disposition of troops; wave; spate; burst; spell; short period of time; classifier for events or states of short duration

zhèn dòng
to vibrate; to shake; vibration

to open (one's eyes)

zhēng lùn
to argue; to debate; to contend; argument; contention; controversy; debate; CL: (), | (chǎng)

zhēng qiú
to solicit; to seek; to request (opinions, feedback etc); to petition

to fight for; to strive for; to win over

whole; entire; total

whole entity; entire body; synthesis; as a whole (situation, construction, team etc); global; macrocosm; integral; holistic; whole

straight; upright; proper; main; principal; to correct; to rectify; exactly; just (at that time); right (in that place); (math.) positive

policy; CL: | ()

government; CL: | ()

zhèng jiàn
certificate; papers; credentials; document; ID

evidence; proof; testimony

zhèng qián
to make money

zhèng zhì
politics; political

to support; to sustain; to erect; to raise; branch; division; to draw money; classifier for rods such as pens and guns, for army divisions and for songs or compositions; surname Zhi

zhī dào
to know; to become aware of; also pr: zhī dao

zhī piào
check (bank); cheque; CL: (běn)

straight; to straighten; fair and reasonable; frank; straightforward; (indicates continuing motion or action); vertical; vertical downward stroke in Chinese characters; surname Zhi; Zhi (c. 2000 BC), fifth of the legendary Flame Emperors (yán ) descended from Shennong | (shén nóng) Farmer God

zhí xíng
to implement; to carry out; to execute; to run

zhí zhào
license; permit

zhǐ dǎo
to guide; to give directions; to direct; to coach; guidance; tuition; CL: | ()

zhǐ huī
to conduct; to command; to direct; conductor (of an orchestra); CL: | ()

zhì dìng
to draw up; to formulate

system (e.g. political, adminstrative etc); institution; CL: | ()

zhì huì
wisdom; knowledge; intelligent; intelligence

zhì jīn
so far; to this day; until now

zhì liáo
to treat (an illness); medical treatment; therapy

order (orderly); order (sequence); social order; the state (of society); CL: | ()

as for; as to; to go so far as to

zhì yuàn zhě

zhì zuò
to make; to manufacture

clock; o'clock; time as measured in hours and minutes; bell; CL: (jià), (zuò)

zhōng jiè
to act as intermediary; to link; intermediate; inter-; agency; agent

zhōng xīn
center; heart; core; CL: | ()

zhōng xún
middle third of a month

heavy; serious; to attach importance to

zhòng liàng
weight; CL: | ()

zhōu dào
thoughtful; considerate; attentive; thorough; also pr: zhōu dao

progressively; step by step

zhú zi
bamboo; CL: (), (zhī), (gēn)

to cook; to boil

zhǔ chí
to take charge of; to manage or direct; to preside over; to uphold; to stand for (justice etc); to host (a TV or radio program etc); (TV) anchor

to tell; to exhort; injunction

zhǔ guān

zhǔ rén
master; host; owner; CL: | ()

chairperson; premier; chairman; CL: | (), (wèi)

zhǔ zhāng
to advocate; to stand for; view; position; stand; proposition; viewpoint; assertion; CL: | ()

to register; to enroll

blessings; to wish sb well

zhuā jǐn
to grasp firmly; to pay special attention to; to rush in; to make the most of

zhuān jiā
expert; specialist; CL: | ()

zhuān xīn
to concentrate; absorption; concentration; engrossed

zhuǎn biàn
to change; to transform; shift; transformation; CL: | ()

zhuǎn gào
to pass on; to communicate; to transmit

adornment; to adorn; dress; clothing; costume (of an actor in a play); to play a role; to pretend; to install; to fix; to wrap (sth in a bag); to load; to pack

zhuāng shì
to decorate; decoration; decorative; ornamental

zhuàng kuàng
condition; state; situation; CL: | ()

zhuàng tài
state of affairs; state; mode; situation; CL: | ()

zhuī qiú
to pursue (a goal etc) stubbornly; to seek after; to woo

qualifications; seniority

funds; funding; capital

material; resources; data; information; profile (Internet); CL: (fèn), | ()
posture; position

to consult; to seek advice; consultation; (sales) inquiry (formal)

natural resource (such as water or minerals); resource (such as manpower or tourism); Ziyuan county in Guilin (guì lín), Guangxi

purple; violet; amethyst; Lithospermum erythrorhizon (flowering plant whose root provides red purple dye); Japanese: murasaki

since (a time); ever since

automatic; voluntarily

proud (of one's achievements etc)

conscious; aware; on one's own initiative; conscientious

caption; subtitle

selfish; selfishness

to have confidence in oneself; self-confidence

freedom; free; liberty; CL: | ()


comprehensive; composite; synthesized; mixed; to sum up; to integrate; to synthesize

zōng jiào

zǒng cái
chairman; director-general (of a company etc)

zǒng gòng
altogether; in sum; in all; in total

premier; prime minister; CL: | (), (wèi), (míng)

zǒng suàn
at long last; finally; on the whole

zǒng tǒng
president (of a country); CL: | (), (wèi), (míng), | (jiè)

zǒng zhī
in a word; in short; in brief


to assemble; to combine; to compose; combination; association; set; compilation; (math.) combinatorial

ancestor; forebears

to prevent; to block


zuì chū
first; primary; initial; original; at first; initially; originally

zuì fàn

zūn jìng
to respect; to revere

zūn shǒu
to comply with; to abide by; to respect (an agreement)

zuò pǐn
work (of art); opus; CL: (), (piān)

zuò wéi
one's conduct; deed; activity; accomplishment; achievement; to act as; as (in the capacity of); qua; to view as; to look upon (sth as); to take sth to be

zuò wén
to write an essay; composition (student essay); CL: (piān)