HSK ResourcesHSK Word Lists

HSK Level 6 Vocabulary List

This page contains the HSK 6 word list, outlining the vocabulary terms introduced at level 6 of the HSK

Vocabulary Term English Meaning

hey; ow; ouch; interjection of pain or surprise

to suffer; to endure; to pull through (hard times); to delay; to stall; to play for time; to dawdle

ái zhèng

ài  shì shǒu
to love sth too much to part with it (idiom); to fondle admiringly

ài dài
to love and respect; love and respect

ài mèi
vague; ambiguous; equivocal; dubious

to live in peace and work happily (idiom)

ān níng
peaceful; tranquil; calm; composed; free from worry; Anning District of Lanzhou City | (lán zhōu shì), Gansu; Anning City, to the west of Kunming (kūn míng), Yunnan

ān xiáng

ān zhì
to find a place for; to help settle down; to arrange for; to get into bed; placement

àn jiàn
case; instance; CL: (zōng), | (zhuāng), ()

case (law); CL: | ()

massage; to massage

àn shì
to hint; to suggest; suggestion; hint

áng guì
expensive; costly

concave or convex; bumps and holes; uneven (surface); rugged

to cook on a slow fire; to extract by heating; to decoct; to endure

secret; mystery

scar; scab

to peel; to skin; to tear; to pull down; to cling to (sth on which one is climbing); to dig

 bu de
(coll.) to be eager for; to long for; to look forward to

to fawn on; to curry favor with; to make up to

 miáo zhù zhǎng
to spoil things through excessive enthusiasm (idiom)

to guard a pass; to check on sth

handle; grip; knob

acrobatics; jugglery; cheap trick; game

the Way of the Hegemon; abbr. for 霸王之道; despotic rule; rule by might; evil as opposed to the Way of the King 王道; overbearing; tyranny; (of liquor, medicine etc) strong; potent

a strike; to go on strike

to break off or break open sth with one's hands; (fig.) to break off (a relationship)

bǎi fēn diǎn
percentage point

bǎi tuō
to break away from; to cast off (old ideas etc); to get rid of; to break away (from); to break out (of); to free oneself from; to extricate oneself
bài fǎng
to pay a visit; to call on

bài huài
to ruin; to corrupt; to undermine

bài nián
to pay a New Year call; to wish sb a Happy New Year

bài tuō
to request sb to do sth; please!

to issue; to proclaim; to enact (laws, decrees etc)

to issue; to promulgate; to award

bān wén
stripe; streak

bǎn běn
version; edition; release

companion; mate; partner

bàn suí
to accompany; to follow; to occur together with; concomitant

bàn  ér fèi
to give up halfway (idiom); leave sth unfinished

bàn yǎn
to play the role of; to act

bǎng jià
to kidnap; to abduct; to hijack; a kidnapping; abduction; staking

bǎng yàng
example; model; CL: | ()

see 磅秤 scale; platform balance; (loanword) pound (unit of weight, about 454 grams)

to shield; to harbor; to cover up

bāo fu
wrapping cloth; a bundle wrapped in cloth; load; weight; burden; funny part; punchline

bāo wéi
to surround; to encircle; to hem in

bāo zhuāng
to pack; to package; to wrap; packaging

bǎo guǎn
to hold in safekeeping; to have in one's care; to guarantee; certainly; surely; custodian; curator


bǎo jīng cāng sāng
having lived through many changes

to keep sth confidential; to maintain secrecy

nanny; housekeeper

bǎo shǒu
conservative; to guard; to keep

bǎo wèi
to defend; to safeguard

bǎo yǎng
to take good care of (or conserve) one's health; to keep in good repair; to maintain; maintenance

bǎo zhàng
to ensure; to guarantee; to safeguard

bǎo zhòng
to take care of oneself

bào chóu
to take revenge; to avenge

bào chou
reward; remuneration

to repay; to requite

bào dào
to report for duty; to check in; to register

to break out; to erupt; to explode; to burst out

aspiration; ambition

to make reprisals; to retaliate; revenge; retaliation

bào guāng
to expose (photography); (fig.) to expose (a scandal); (advertising) exposure; Taiwan pr: guāng

violence; force; violent

to expose; to reveal; to lay bare; also pr:

bào shè
newspaper (i.e. a company); CL: (jiā)

bào xiāo
to submit an expense account; to apply for reimbursement; to write off; to wipe out

bào yuàn
to complain; to grumble; to harbor a complaint; to feel dissatisfied

bào zhà
explosion; to explode; to blow up; to detonate

bēi āi
grieved; sorrowful

base; mean; contemptible; despicable

bēi cǎn
miserable; tragic

the North Pole; the Arctic Pole; the north magnetic pole

bèi dòng

bèi fèn

bèi gào

shell; conch; cowry; mother of pearl; hard outer skin; also pr: bèi qiào

bèi pàn
to betray

bèi sòng
to recite; to repeat from memory

bèi wàng 
memorandum; aide-memoire; memorandum book

to rush about; to be constantly on the move

bēn chí
to run quickly; to speed; to gallop; Benz (name); Mercedes-Benz, German car maker

běn néng

běn qián
capital; (fig.) asset; advantage; the means (to do sth)

běn rén
the person himself; I (humble form used in speeches); oneself; myself; in person; personal

běn shēn
itself; in itself; per se

běn shi
ability; skill

běn zhe
based on...; in conformance with..; taking as one's main principle

bèn zhuō
clumsy; awkward; stupid

bēng kuì
to collapse; to crumble; to fall apart

need not; (contraction of 不 and 用)

to jump; to bounce; to hop

to burst forth

to force; to compel; to coerce

nasal mucus; snivel

analogy; instance; for instance

to compare; to liken to; metaphor; analogy; figure of speech; figuratively

proportion; specific gravity


malady; evil; malpractice; drawback; disadvantage

to be bound to; to be sure to

malpractice; abuse; corrupt practice

to stop up; to close up; hard to get to; out of the way; inaccessible; unenlightened; blocking


to spur on; to urge on; to encourage sb (e.g. to make progress)

biān jiāng
border area; borderland; frontier; frontier region

biān jiè
boundary; border

biān jìng
frontier; border

biān yuán
edge; fringe; verge; brink; periphery; marginal; borderline

biān zhī
to weave; to knit; to plait; to braid; (fig.) to create (sth abstract, e.g. a dream, a lie etc)

flat; (coll.) to beat (sb) up; old variant of (biǎn)

to belittle; to disparage; to play down; to demean; to degrade; to devalue

derogatory sense; negative connotation

to cover the whole (area); to be found throughout

an unforeseen event; accident; misfortune

to speak in defense of; to argue in favor of; to defend; to plead

biàn jiě
to explain; to justify; to defend (a point of view etc); to provide an explanation; to try to defend oneself
convenient; easy; to facilitate

biàn qiān
changes; vicissitudes

biàn rèn
to recognize; to identify
biàn tiáo
(informal) note; CL: | (zhāng), | ()
easy to; convenient for

biàn zhèng
to investigate; dialectical

biàn zhì
to degenerate; to go bad; to deteriorate; metamorphosis

biàn zi
plait; braid; pigtail; a mistake or shortcoming that may be exploited by an opponent; handle; CL: (gēn), | (tiáo)

biāo běn
specimen; sample; the root cause and symptoms of a disease

sign; mark; symbol; to mark up

biāo shēng
to rise rapidly; to soar

title; heading; headline; caption; subject

biǎo jué
to decide by vote; to vote

biǎo tài
to declare one's position; to say where one stands

biǎo zhāng
to honor; to commend; to cite (in dispatches)

to choke; to stifle; to restrain; to hold back; to hold in (urine); to hold (one's breath)

bié ren
other people; others; other person

bié shù
villa; CL: (zhuàng), (zuò)

bié zhì
unusual; unique

biè niu
awkward; difficult; uncomfortable; not agreeing; at loggerheads; gauche

bīn lín
on the edge of; (fig.) on the verge of; close to

bīng báo
hail; hailstone; CL: | (cháng), ()

bìng cún
to exist at the same time; to coexist

bìng fēi
really isn't

bìng liè
to stand side by side; to be juxtaposed

to call; to dial

to broadcast; to transmit


 tāo xiōng yǒng
waves surging forth; roaring sea

to exploit; exploitation

to sow seeds; sowing; seed

  jīng shēn
wide-ranging and profound; broad and deep

to wrestle; to fight; to struggle

 lǎn huì
exposition; international fair

wife of father's elder brother; aunt; (polite form of address for a woman who is about the age of one's mother); CL: | ()

weak; frail

to compensate; to make up

to remedy

breast feeding; to suckle; to nurse

to subsidize; subsidy; allowance; to supplement (one's salary etc); benefit

to catch; to seize; to capture

to act against one's will; to have no alternative but to; to have to; to have no choice; must

pace; (measured) step; march

there is no harm in; might as well

 gǎn dāng
lit. I dare not (accept the honor); fig. I don't deserve your praise; you flatter me

posting on a bulletin board; notice; bulletin; to announce

in spite of; regardless of

can't help (doing sth); can't refrain from

arrangement; composition; layout; opening (chess jargon)

cannot bear; cannot stand; utterly; extremely

inconceivable (idiom); unimaginable; unfathomable

to be worthy of; to deserve to be called; to prove oneself to be

unexpectedly; to one's surprise

from time to time; now and then; occasionally; frequently

to dispose; to deploy; deployment

position; place

not stint; not spare; not hesitate (to do sth); not scruple (to do sth)

 xiāng shàng xià
equally matched; about the same

 xiàng huà
unreasonable; shocking; outrageous

to disdain as beneath contempt (idiom)

 yán ér 
it goes without saying; it is self-evident

 yóu de
can't help; cannot but

  shǒu duàn
by fair means or foul; by hook or by crook; unscrupulously

incessantly; without end; more than; not limited to

to put in order; to arrange; to decorate; to fix up; to deploy

cái féng
tailor; dressmaker

wealth; riches

cái gàn
ability; competence

cái pàn
judgment; to referee; umpire; judge; referee; CL: | (), (wèi), (míng)

financial affairs

cái yuán
to cut staff; to lay off employees

cái zhèng
finances (public); financial

cǎi gòu
to procure (for an enterprise etc); to purchase

to gather; to collect; to harvest

to accept; to adopt

cǎi piào
lottery ticket

cān móu
staff officer; to give advice

cān zhào
to consult a reference; to refer to (another document)

cruel; cruelty

cán liú
to remain; left over; surplus; remnant

cán rěn
cruel; mean; merciless; ruthless

càn làn
to glitter; brilliant; splendid

cabin; the hold of a ship or airplane

cāng bái
pale; wan

all of a sudden; hurriedly

depot; storehouse; warehouse

cāo láo
to work hard; to look after

cāo liàn
drill; practice

cāo zòng
to operate; to control; to rig; to manipulate

cāo zuò
to work; to operate; to manipulate

noisy; clamorous

cǎo àn
draft (legislation, proposal etc)

cǎo shuài
careless; negligent; sloppy; not serious

to plot; to scheme; to bring about; to engineer; planning; producer; planner

survey; to measure; to gauge; to determine

tactics; to be tactful

lateral side; side; aspect; profile

céng chū  qióng
more and more emerge; innumerable succession; breeding like flies (idiom)

layer; level; gradation; arrangement of ideas; (a person's) standing

disparity; gap

chá huò
to track down and seize (a criminal suspect, contraband etc)

fork in road; bifurcation; branch in road, river, mountain range etc; to branch off; to turn off; to diverge; to stray (from the path); to change the subject; to interrupt; to stagger (times)

an instant (Sanskrit: ksana); split second; the twinkling of an eye

flabbergasted; astonished

chái yóu
diesel fuel

to take by the arm and assist; to mix; to blend; to dilute; to adulterate

gluttonous; greedy; to have a craving

chán rào
twisting; to twine; to wind; to pester; to bother

chǎn shù
to expound (a position); to elaborate (on a topic); to treat (a subject)

industry; estate; property; industrial

chàn dǒu
to shudder; to shiver; to shake; to tremble

chāng kuáng
savage; furious

chāng shèng

cháng huán
to repay; to reimburse

cháng nián
all year round; for years on end; average year

cháng shì
to try; to attempt; CL: ()

routine; everyday business; daily operation (of a company)

large place used for a specific purpose; stage; scene (of a play); classifier for sporting or recreational activities; classifier for number of exams

situation; occasion; context; setting; location; venue

chǎng kāi
to open wide; unrestrictedly

chǎng miàn
scene; spectacle; occasion; situation

chǎng suǒ
location; place

chàng dǎo
to advocate; to initiate; to propose; to be a proponent of (an idea or school of thought)

chàng tōng
unimpeded; free-flowing; straight path; unclogged; move without obstruction

chàng xiāo
to sell well; best seller; chart-topping

to suggest; to initiate; proposal; initiative

super-; ultra-; hyper-

chāo piào
paper money; a bill (e.g. 100 yuan); CL: | (zhāng), | ()

chāo yuè
to surpass; to exceed; to transcend

cháo liú
tide; current; trend
cháo shī
damp; moist

cháo xiào
to jeer at; to deride; to ridicule; mockery; derision
chè tuì
to retreat

chè xiāo
to repeal; to revoke; (computing) to undo

chén diàn
to settle; to precipitate (solid sediment out of a solution)

chén jiù

chén liè
to display; to exhibit

chén mèn
oppressive (of weather); heavy; depressed; not happy; (of sound) dull; muffled

chén shù
an assertion; to declare; to state

to contemplate; to ponder; contemplation; meditation

chén zhòng
heavy; hard; serious; critical

chén zhuó
steady; calm and collected; not nervous

chèn xīn  
after one's heart (idiom); gratifying and satisfactory; everything one could wish

chēng hào
name; term of address; title

orange tree; orange (color)

to hold; to contain; to ladle; to pick up with a utensil

chéng bàn
to undertake; to accept a contract

chéng bāo
to contract; to undertake (a job)

chéng bǎo
castle; rook (chess piece)

chéng běn
(manufacturing, production etc) costs

penalty; punishment; to punish

chéng jiāo
to complete a contract; to reach a deal

chéng nuò
to promise; to undertake to do something; commitment

chéng qīng
clear (of liquid); limpid; to clarify; to make sth clear; to be clear (about the facts)

chéng tiān
(coll.) all day long; all the time

chéng  yuán
attendant on an airplane, train, boat etc

chéng xiàn
to appear; to emerge; to present (a certain appearance); to demonstrate

chéng xiào
effect; result

chéng xīn
intentional; deliberate; on purpose

chéng yuán

chéng zhì
sincere; cordial

steelyard; Roman balance; CL: | (tái)

to bear hardships

to entail strenuous effort; to toil at a task; strenuous; laborious; strain

chí huǎn
slow; sluggish

chí jiǔ
lasting; enduring; persistent; permanent; protracted; endurance; persistence; to last long

chí táng
pool; pond

to hesitate

chì dào
equator (of the earth or astronomical body)

(financial) deficit; red letter

chōng dāng
to serve as; to act as; to play the role of

chōng dòng
to have an urge; to be impetuous; impulse; urge

to attack; to batter; (of waves) to pound against; shock; impact

chōng pèi
abundant; plentiful; vigorous

chōng shí
rich; full; substantial; to enrich; to augment; to substantiate (an argument)

conflict; to conflict; clash of opposing forces; collision (of interests); contention

adequate; sufficient; abundant

chóng bài
to worship; adoration

chóng dié
to overlap; to superimpose; to telescope; to run together; to duplicate; one over another; superposition; an overlap; redundancy; reduplication (in Chinese grammar, e.g. (sàn sàn ) to have a stroll)

chóng gāo
majestic; sublime

chóng jìng
to revere; to venerate; high esteem

chóng yáng jié
Double Ninth or Yang Festival; 9th day of 9th lunar month

chōu kòng
to find the time to do sth

chóu bèi
preparations; to get ready for sth

chóu chú
to hesitate


chǒu è
ugly; repulsive

initial; preliminary; tentative

a way out (of a difficulty etc)

chū mài
to offer for sale; to sell; to sell out or betray

chū shēn
to be born of; to come from; family background; class origin

chū shén
spellbound; entranced; lost in thought

chū xi
future prospects; profit; to mature; to grow up

chū yáng xiàng
to make a fool of oneself

chǔ bèi
reserves; to store up

chǔ cún
stockpile; to store; to stockpile; storage

chǔ fèn
to discipline sb; to punish; disciplinary action; to deal with (a matter); CL: | ()

chǔ jìng
situation (of a person)

to deposit money; to save; savings

chǔ zhì
to handle; to take care of; to punish

chù fàn
to offend

chuān liú  
the stream flows without stopping (idiom); unending flow
chuān yuè
to pass through; to cross; to overcome

shipping; boats

to pass on; to convey; to relay; to transmit; transmission

chuán dān
leaflet; flier; pamphlet

chuán shòu
to impart; to pass on; to teach

to breathe deeply; to pant

to string together; to skewer; to connect wrongly; to gang up; to rove; string; bunch; skewer; classifier for things that are strung together, or in a bunch, or in a row: string of, bunch of, series of; to make a swift or abrupt linear movement (like a bead on an abacus); to move across

chuáng dān
bed sheet; CL: | (tiáo), (jiàn), | (zhāng), (chuáng)

to establish; to set up; to found

chuàng xīn
innovation; to bring forth new ideas; to blaze new trails

to begin an undertaking; to start a major task; to initiate; to venture; venture; entrepreneurship

chuàng zuò
to create; to produce; to write; creative work; creation; CL: | ()

chuī niú
to talk big; to shoot off one's mouth; to chat (dialect)

chuī pěng
to flatter; to laud sb's accomplishments; adulation

hammer; to hammer into shape; weight (e.g. of a steelyard or balance)

chuí zhí
perpendicular; vertical

chún cuì
pure; unadulterated; purely; completely

chún jié
pure; clean and honest; to purify

vocabulary; list of words (e.g. for language teaching purposes); word

kindly; benevolent (often of older person)

male and female

thorn; sting; thrust; to prick; to pierce; to stab; to assassinate; to murder

to serve; to wait upon

substandard products; defective; seconds

sequence; order

cluster; collection; collection of books; thicket

cóng róng  
calm; unruffled

còu he
to bring together; to make do in a bad situation; to just get by; to improvise; passable; not too bad

coarse; crude (in one's manner); boorish

to flee; to scuttle; to exile or banish; to amend or edit

cuī cán
to ravage; to ruin

cuì ruò
weak; frail

to rub or roll between the hands or fingers; to twist

cuō shāng
to consult; to discuss seriously; to negotiate; to confer; negotiations; consultations

cuò zhé
setback; reverse; check; defeat; frustration; disappointment; to frustrate; to discourage; to set sb back; to blunt; to subdue

to put up; to build (scaffolding); to hang (clothes on a pole); to connect; to join; to arrange in pairs; to match; to add; to throw in (resources); to take (boat, train); variant of ()

to cooperate; partner

to pair up; to match; to arrange in pairs; to add sth into a group

to reply (to an accusation); to defend one's dissertation

to reach (an agreement); to accomplish

to answer; to reply; Reply to: (in email header)

to wrap; to pack; to put leftovers in a doggy bag for take-out

 guān si
to file a lawsuit; to sue; to dispute

to hit; to strike; to attack; to crack down on sth; blow; (psychological) shock; percussion (music)

to fight; to scuffle; to come to blows; CL: | (cháng)

to size sb up; to look sb up and down; to take the measure of; to suppose; to reckon

to go hunting

to fight a battle; to go to war

at worst; if worst comes to worst; serious; alarming

chancellor (of a monarchy); cabinet minister

 huǒ r
erhua variant of ( huǒ)

large building; edifice; mansion; CL: (zuò)

wantonly; without restraint (of enemy or malefactor); unbridled

in general; more or less; in rough terms; basically; on the whole; overall situation; the big picture; (Tw) remains (of a dead person)

general idea; main idea

more or less; roughly; approximately

evildoer; malefactor; gangster; hoodlum

to arrest; to apprehend; an arrest

dài jià
price; cost; consideration (in share dealing)

to act on behalf of sb in a responsible position; to act as an agent or proxy; surrogate

dài lǐng
to guide; to lead

dài màn
to slight; to neglect

dān bǎo
to guarantee; to vouch for

dǎn qiè
timid; cowardly

dàn bái zhì

dàn chén

off season; slow business season; see also (wàng )

dàn shēng
to be born

dàn shuǐ
potable water (water with low salt content); fresh water; Danshui or Tanshui town in New Taipei City (xīn běi shì), Taiwan

dāng chǎng
at the scene; on the spot

dāng chū
at that time; originally

dāng miàn
to sb's face; in sb's presence

dāng qián
current; today's; modern; present; to be facing (us)

dāng shì rén
persons involved or implicated; party (to an affair)

dāng  zhī 
top priority job; matter of vital importance

dāng xīn
to take care; to look out

dāng xuǎn
to be elected

party; association; club; society; CL: | (); surname Dang

dàng àn
file; record; archive

grade; class; quality; level

to go bankrupt; to close down

dǎo dàn
guided missile; cruise missile; missile; CL: (méi)

dǎo háng

dǎo luàn
to disturb; to look for trouble; to stir up a row; to bother sb intentionally

dǎo xiàng
to be oriented towards; orientation

rice crops

dào qiè
to steal

  cháng shī
the gains do not make up for the losses (idiom)

able; capable; competent; efficient

 tiān  hòu
blessed by heaven (idiom); enjoying exceptional advantages; favored by nature

to commit an offense; to violate the law; excuse me! (formal); see also ( zui)

to step on; to tread on; to wear (shoes); (slang) to dump (sb); Taiwan pr: dèng

dēng lóng

to land; to come ashore; to make landfall (of typhoon etc); to log in

to register; to log in

grade; rank; status

to open (one's eyes) wide; to stare at; to glare at

dam; dike

hostile; malevolence; antagonism; to view as enemy; to stand against

to arrive; to reach (a destination)

to resist; resistance

to resist; to boycott; to refuse (to cooperate); to reject; resistance; refusal

stage; degree (to which a situation has evolved); situation; leeway

authentic; genuine; typical; from a place known for the product; thorough; conscientious

terrain; topography relief

to increase by degrees; in increasing order; incremental; progressive


to shake; to jolt; to bump

diān dǎo
to turn upside down; to reverse; back to front; confused; deranged; crazy

celebration; ceremony

diǎn xíng
model; typical case; archetype; typical; representative

diǎn zhuì
to decorate; to adorn; sprinkled; studded; only for show

pad; cushion; mat; to pad out; to fill a gap; to pay for sb; to advance (money)

diàn dìng
to establish; to fix; to settle

to think of; to keep thinking about; to be concerned about

diàn yuán
electric power source

to hold with one's mouth (as a smoker with a cigarette or a dog with a bone)

to carve; to engrave; carving

a statue; a Buddhist image; sculpture; to carve

to suspend; to hang up; to hang a person

diào dòng
to transfer; to maneuver (troops etc); movement of personnel; to mobilize; to bring into play

to drop; to fall; to tumble; Taiwan pr: dié

to watch attentively; to fix one's attention on; to stare at; to gaze at

dīng zhǔ
to warn repeatedly; to urge; to exhort again and again

at set dates; at regular intervals; periodic; limited to a fixed period of time; fixed term


diū rén
to lose face

diū sān  
forgetful; empty-headed

dōng dào zhǔ
host; official host (e.g. venue for games or a conference)
dōng zhāng  wàng
to look in all directions (idiom); to glance around

dǒng shì zhǎng
chairman of the board; chairman

classifier for houses or buildings; ridgepole (old)

dòng dàng
unrest (social or political); turmoil; upheaval; commotion

motor; locomotive; motive; motivation; intention

dòng jié
to freeze (loan, wage, price etc)

dòng jìng
sound of activity or people talking; news of activity

power; motion; propulsion; force

dòng mài

dòng shēn
to go on a journey; to leave

dòng shǒu
to set about (a task); to hit; to punch; to touch

dòng tài
movement; motion; development; trend; dynamic (science)

dòng xué
cave; cavern

dòng yuán
to mobilize; to arouse; mobilization; CL: (), | ()

pocket; bag; to wrap up or hold in a bag; to move in a circle; to canvas or solicit; to take responsibility for; to disclose in detail; combat armor (old)

dǒu qiào

dòu zhēng
a struggle; fight; battle

to supervise and urge completion of a task; to urge on

city; metropolis


drugs; narcotics; poison

to gamble

to clog up; blockage

to put an end to

end; extremity; item; port; to hold sth level with both hands; to carry; regular

duān  jié
Dragon Boat Festival (5th day of the 5th lunar month)

duān zhèng
upright; regular; proper; correct

short in time; fleeting; brief; gasping (breath); curt (tone of voice)

duàn dìng
to conclude; to determine; to come to a judgment

duàn duàn  
intermittent; off and on; discontinuous; stop-go; stammering; disjointed; inarticulate

duàn jué
to sever; to break off

to pile up; to heap; accumulation

countermeasure for dealing with a situation

duì chèn
symmetry; symmetrical

duì fu
to handle; to deal with; to cope; to get by with

duì huàn
to convert; to exchange

duì kàng
to withstand; to resist; to stand off; antagonism; confrontation

to oppose; to set sth against; to be antagonistic to; antithetical; relative opposite; opposing; diametrical

duì lián
rhyming couplet; pair of lines of verse written vertically down the sides of a doorway; CL: (), ()

ranks; troops; queue; line; procession; CL: | (), (zhī), | (tiáo)

duì xiàn
(of a check etc) to cash; to honor a commitment

duì yìng
to correspond; a correspondence; corresponding; homologous; matching with sth; counterpart

duì zhào
to contrast; to compare; to place side by side for comparison (as parallel texts); to check

dùn shí
immediately; suddenly

duō suo
to tremble; to shiver; uncontrolled shaking of the body

duō yuán huà
diversification; pluralism; to diversify

duò luò
to degrade; to degenerate; to become depraved; corrupt; a fall from grace

é wài
extra; added; additional

ě xīn
nausea; to feel sick; disgust; nauseating; to embarrass (deliberately)

è huà
to worsen

è zhì
to check; to contain; to hold back; to keep within limits; to constrain; to restrain

(a groaning sound)

ēn yuàn
gratitude and grudges; resentment; grudges; grievances

that's all; nothing more

ěr huán
earring; CL: | (zhī), | (duì)

èr yǎng huà tàn
carbon dioxide CO2

to release; to issue; to announce; to distribute; Also written: 發布|发布[fa1 bu4]

to get rich

to stare blankly; to be stunned; to be lost in thought

to start; to launch; to unleash; to mobilize; to arouse

to catch fire; to ignite; to detonate; to get angry

to become aware; to detect; to realize; to perceive

to shoot (a projectile); to fire (a rocket); to launch; to emit (a particle); to discharge; emanation; emission

to vow; to pledge; to swear

to publish; to issue (stocks, currency etc); to release; to distribute (a film)

to become inflamed; inflammation

to develop; to make full use of

to develop; to mature; growth; development; (sexually) mature

legal person; corporation; see also ( rán rén)

foreign (non-Chinese); barbarian; classifier for occurrences (of an event, action or speech utterance); classifier for iterations: times, -fold (as in twofold etc); classifier for situations: kind, sort

to turn over; to flip over; to overturn; to rummage through; to translate; to decode; to double; to climb over or into; to cross

fán huá
flourishing; bustling

fán máng
busy; bustling

traditional Chinese character

fán zhí
to breed; to reproduce; to propagate

to retort; to refute

fǎn cháng
unusual; abnormal

fǎn dào
but on the contrary; but expectedly

fǎn dòng
reaction; reactionary

fǎn gǎn
to be disgusted with; to dislike; bad reaction; antipathy

fǎn kàng
to resist; to rebel

fǎn kuì
to send back information; feedback

fǎn miàn
reverse side; backside; the other side (of a problem etc); negative; bad

fǎn shè
to reflect; reflection (from a mirror etc); reflex (i.e. automatic reaction of organism)

to think back over sth; to review; to revisit; to rethink; reflection; reassessment

fǎn wèn
to ask (a question) in reply; to answer a question with a question; rhetorical question

fǎn zhī
on the other hand...; conversely...

fàn chóu

fàn làn
to be in flood; to overflow (the banks); to inundate; to spread unchecked

fàn mài
to sell; to peddle; to traffic

fāng wèi
direction; points of the compass; bearing; position; azimuth

fāng yán
topolect; dialect; the first Chinese dialect dictionary, edited by Yang Xiong | (yáng xióng) in 1st century, containing over 9000 characters

fāng zhēn
policy; guidelines; CL: | ()

fáng shǒu
to defend; to protect (against)

disease prevention; protection against epidemic

defense; to defend

fáng zhǐ
to prevent; to guard against; to take precautions

fáng zhì
prevention and cure

fǎng zhī
spinning and weaving

to enlarge; to magnify

fàng shè
to radiate; radioactive

fàng shǒu
to let go one's hold; to give up; to have a free hand


fēi qín zǒu shòu
birds and animals; the beasts of the field and the birds of the air

fēi xiáng
to circle in the air; to soar

fēi yuè
to leap


fěi bàng
to slander; to libel

gangster; bandit

fèi chú
to abolish; to abrogate; to repeal

fèi téng
(of a liquid) to boil; (of sentiments etc) to boil over; to flare up; to be impassioned


fēn biàn
to distinguish; to differentiate; to resolve

fēn cun
propriety; appropriate behavior; proper speech or action; within the norms

to tell; to instruct; to command

fēn hóng
dividend; to award a bonus

fēn jiě
to resolve; to decompose; to break down

fēn liè
to split up; to divide; to break up; fission; schism

to secrete; secretion

fēn míng
clear; distinct; evidently; clearly

divergent; difference (of opinion, position); disagreement; bifurcation (math.)

fēn sàn
to scatter; to disperse; to distribute

fēn shǒu
to part company; to split up; to break up

grave; tomb

fine powder; dust

pink; white; erotic; beautiful woman; powdered (with make-up)

fěn suì
to crush; to smash; to shatter

fèn liang
quantity; weight; measure

fēng bào
storm; violent commotion; fig. crisis (e.g. revolution, uprising, financial crisis etc)

to seal; to close; to confine; to seal off; to close down; sealed; confined; closed; unreceptive

elegance (for men); elegant demeanor; grace; poise

fēng guāng
scene; view; sight; landscape; to be well-regarded; to be well-off; grand (dialect); impressive (dialect)

fēng jiàn
system of enfeoffment; feudalism; feudal; feudalistic

sharp (e.g. knife blade); incisive; to the point

fēng mǎn
ample; well developed; fully rounded; Fengman district of Jilin city 吉林市, Jilin province

general mood; atmosphere; common practice

charm; humor; wit; humorous; witty

fēng shèng
rich; sumptuous

fēng shōu
bumper harvest

fēng suǒ
to blockade; to seal off

fēng  rén qíng
local conditions and customs (idiom)

fēng wèi
distinctive flavor; distinctive style

to meet by chance; to come across; (of a calendar event) to come along; (of an event) to fall on (a particular day); to fawn upon

fèng xiàn
to offer respectfully; to consecrate; to dedicate; to devote

fǒu jué
to veto; to overrule

a (married) couple; husband and wife; CL: | (duì)

lady; madam; Mrs.; CL: (wèi)

to elaborate (on a theme); to expound (the classics); perfunctory; to skimp; to botch; to do sth half-heartedly or just for show; barely enough to get by

width; extent; range; scope

symbol; mark; sign

material benefit; benefit in kind; (social) welfare


to be convinced; to accept

good fortune; a blessing


corruption; to corrupt; to rot; rotten

to rot; to putrefy; (fig.) corrupt

corrosion; to corrode (degrade chemically); to rot; corruption

rotten; decayed; decadent; degenerate

to foster; to bring up; to raise

lowering and raising of the head; (fig.) small move; pitch (position angle)

to assist; to aid; supplementary; auxiliary; subsidiary

secondary; auxiliary; deputy; assistant; vice-; abbr. for 副詞|副词 adverb; classifier for pairs, sets of things & facial expressions

burden; to bear a burden

to cover

to agree; to go along with; to echo (what sb says)


enclosure; attachment (email); appendix

subsidiary; auxiliary; attached; affiliated; subordinate; subordinating

diarrhea; to have the runs

to revive; to rejuvenate; Fuxing district of Handan city | (hán dān shì), Hebei; Fuxing or Fuhsing township in Taoyuan county | (táo yuán xiàn), north Taiwan

to assign; to entrust (a task); to give; to bestow

prosperous; well-to-do; well-off; Fuyu county in Qiqihar | ( ěr), Heilongjiang

 zuò yòng
side effect

gǎi liáng
to improve

gài zhāng
to affix a seal; to stamp (a document); to sign off on sth

awkward; embarrassed

gān hàn
drought; arid; dry

gān rǎo
to disturb; to interfere; perturbation; interference (physics)

gān shè
to interfere; to meddle; interference

gān xīn
to be willing to; to resign oneself to

to meddle; to intervene; intervention

gǎn kǎi
to sigh with sorrow, regret etc; rueful; deeply moved

gǎn rǎn
infection; to infect; to influence

gàn jìn
enthusiasm for doing sth

to raise aloft with both hands; (of two or more people) to carry sth together

gāng gang
just recently; just a moment ago

gāng lǐng
program (i.e. plan of action); guiding principle

gǎng kǒu
port; harbor

gǎng wān
natural harbor; bay serving as harbor

gǎng wèi
a post; a job

gàng gǎn
lever; pry bar; crowbar; financial leverage

gāo chāo
excellent; superlative

gāo cháo
high tide; high water; upsurge; climax; orgasm; chorus (part of a song)

gāo fēng
peak; summit; height

gāo kǎo
college entrance exam (especially as abbr. for | ( tōng gāo děng xué xiào zhāo shēng quán guó tǒng kǎo shì)); entrance exam for senior government service posts (Taiwan)

gāo míng
brilliant; superior; tall and bright; Gaoming district of Foshan city ( shān shì), Guangdong

gāo shàng
noble; lofty; refined; exquisite

gāo zhǎng
to surge up; to rise; (of tensions etc) to run high
gǎo jiàn
piece of writing submitted for publication; manuscript; article

to say goodbye; to take one's leave

gào jiè
to warn; to admonish

to place; to put aside; to shelve

to cut; to cut apart

swelling or lump on skin; pimple; knot; preoccupation; problem

to sing the praises of; to extol; to eulogize

misunderstanding; estrangement; (language etc) barrier

structure; pattern; layout

to separate; to isolate

form; specification; format

 shū  jiàn
everyone gives their own view


each; respective; apiece

gēn qián
the front (of); (in) front; (in) sb's presence; just before (a date)

gēn shēn  
deep-rooted (problem etc)

gēn suí
to follow

gēn yuán
origin; root (cause)

gēn zōng
to follow sb's tracks; to tail; to shadow; tracking

arable land; to plow land

gēng xīn
to replace the old with new; to renew; to renovate; to upgrade; to update; to regenerate

gēng zhèng
to correct; to make a correction

gōng ān 
public security bureau (government office similar in function to a police station)

gōng  yìng qiú
supply does not meet demand

gōng dào
justice; fairness; public highway
gōng diàn
palace; CL: (zuò)

gōng fu
period of time (may be months, or mere seconds); spare time; skill; labor; effort

gōng gào
post; announcement

gōng guān
public relations

to attack; to accuse; to charge; an attack (terrorist or military)

to furnish; to provide; supply (as in supply and demand)

gōng jìng
deferential; respectful

to capture; to take; to overcome; to solve

homework; assignment; task; classwork; lesson; study; CL: | (mén)

gōng láo
contribution; meritorious service; credit

gōng mín

husband's parents; parents-in-law

gōng rán
openly; publicly; undisguised

gōng rèn
publicly known (to be); accepted (as)

gōng shì

official business

gōng xiào

gōng  pǐn
handicraft article; handiwork; CL: | ()

gōng zhèng
just; fair; equitable

gōng zhèng
notarization; notarized; acknowledgement

to consolidate; consolidation; to strengthen

gòng  guó

to sum up to; to total

gòng míng
resonance (physics); sympathetic response to sth

gōu jié
to collude with; to collaborate with; to gang up with

gōu zi

to design; to plot; to plan out; to compose; to draw a mental sketch; conception; plan; idea; composition

lonely; solitary

to fail to live up (to expectations); unworthy (of trust); to let down; to betray (hopes); to disappoint

isolate; isolated

for the time being; tentatively

shareholder; stockholder

curio; antique

to agitate; to arouse; to instigate; to encite

a share (in a company); stock

diaphysis (long segment of a bone); fig. backbone

eccentric; grotesque; oddly; queer

misgivings; apprehensions

admittedly (it's true that...)

adviser; consultant

home; homeland; native place; CL: | ()

intrinsic to sth; inherent; native

malfunction; breakdown; defect; shortcoming; fault; failure; impediment; error; bug (in software)

obstinate; stubborn

guǎi zhàng
crutches; crutch; walking stick

guān fāng
government; official (approved or issued by an authority)

guān guāng
to tour; sightseeing; tourism

guān zhào
to take care; to keep an eye on; to look after; to tell; to remind

guǎn xiá
to administer; to have jurisdiction (over)

can; jar; pot

guàn chè
to implement; to put into practice; to carry out

guàn gài
to irrigate

convention; usual practice

guāng cǎi
luster; splendor; radiance; brilliance

guāng huī
radiance; glory; brilliant; magnificent

guāng máng
rays of light; brilliant rays; radiance
guǎng kuò
wide; vast

guī fàn
norm; standard; specification; regulation; rule; within the rules; to fix rules; to regulate; to specify

standard; norm; specification

guī gēn dào 
after all; in the final analysis; ultimately

guī huà
to plan (how to do sth); planning; plan; program

guī huán
to return sth; to revert

to sum up; to summarize; to conclude from facts; induction (method of deduction in logic)

guī zhāng
rule; regulation

guǐ dào
orbit; railway or tram line; fig. conventional way of thinking

to kneel

lord; nobility; nobleman; noblewoman; aristocrat; aristocracy

gùn bàng
club; staff; stick

guó fáng
national defense

guó  yuàn
State Council (PRC); State Department (USA)

guǒ duàn
firm; decisive

to cross over (by ferry); transition; interim; caretaker (administration)

excessive; over-; excess; going too far; extravagant; intemperate; overdue

guò jiǎng
to overpraise; to flatter

to filter; filter

guò shī
error; fault; (law) negligence; delinquency

guò wèn
to show an interest in; to get involved with

guò yǐn
to satisfy a craving; to get a kick out of sth; gratifying; immensely enjoyable; satisfying; fulfilling

too much; excessively

oh alas; hey!; hi! (loanword); high (on drugs, or as 'in high spirits') (loanword)

height above sea level; elevation

hǎi bīn
shore; seaside

hán hu
ambiguous; vague; careless; perfunctory

hán xuān
to exchange conventional greetings; to talk about the weather

meaning (implicit in a phrase); implied meaning; hidden meaning; hint; connotation

hǎn jiàn
rare; rarely seen

hàn wèi
to defend; to uphold; to safeguard

háng kōng

háng liè
ranks; procession

háng tiān
space flight

háng xíng
to sail; to fly; to navigate

háo mài
bold; open-minded; heroic


not in the least; to completely lack

hào fèi
to waste; to spend; to consume; to squander

hospitality; to treat guests well; to enjoy having guests; hospitable; friendly

hào zhào
to call; to appeal

expel breath; my goodness

kindly; nice; amiable

to merge; to annex

to compose; to constitute; compound; synthesis; mixture; synthetic

to accord with; conforming to

to act jointly; to form a partnership

to settle (a dispute out of court); to reconcile; settlement; conciliation; to become reconciled

peaceful relations; harmonious

friendly; polite; amiable

well-fitting (of clothes)

worthwhile; to be a good deal; to be a bargain; to reckon up; to calculate

harmonious; harmony; (euphemism) to censor


vestige; mark; trace

hěn xīn
callous; heartless

hèn bu de
wishing one could do sth; to hate to be unable; itching to do sth

to groan; to snort; to hum; to croon; humph!

roar of laughter (onom.); hubbub; to roar (as a crowd)

to bake; to heat by fire; to set off by contrast

hōng dòng
to cause a sensation; to create a stir in (a place); commotion; controversy

hóng bāo
money wrapped in red as a gift; bonus payment; kickback; bribe

hóng guān
macro-; macroscopic; holistic

hóng shuǐ
deluge; flood

hóng wěi
grand; imposing; magnificent

hóu lóng
throat; larynx

to roar; to howl; to shriek; roar or howl of an animal; bellow of rage

hòu dài
posterity; later periods; later ages; later generations

hòu  zhī yōu
fears of trouble in the rear (idiom); family worries (obstructing freedom of action); worries about the future consequences; often in negative expressions, meaning "no worries about anything"

hòu mian
rear; back; behind; later; afterwards

hòu qín

hòu xuǎn
candidate (attributive)

to neglect; to overlook; to ignore

to whistle; to scream; to whiz

to call on (sb to do sth); to appeal (to); an appeal

careless; reckless; casually; absent-mindedly; at will; at random; any old how


 lián wǎng


huá qiáo
overseas Chinese; (in a restricted sense) Chinese emigrant who still retains Chinese nationality; CL: | (), (wèi), (míng)

huà féi

huà fēn
to divide up; to partition; to differentiate

huà shé tiān 
lit. draw legs on a snake (idiom); fig. to ruin the effect by adding sth superfluous; to overdo it

huà shí

huà tǒng
microphone; (telephone) receiver; handset

huà yàn
laboratory test; chemical experiment; assay

huà zhuāng
to put on makeup
huái yùn
pregnant; to have conceived; gestation; pregnancy

gaiety; gladness; glee; merriment; pleasure; happy; joyous; gay

huán jié
round segment; segment (of annelid worms); connection; link; sector; annular ring

huán yuán
to restore to the original state; to reconstruct (an event); reduction (chemistry)

to ease (tension); to alleviate; to moderate; to allay; to make more mild

huàn zhě
patient; sufferer

huāng liáng

huāng máng
in a great rush; in a flurry

huāng miù
absurd; ridiculous

huāng táng
beyond belief; preposterous; absurd; intemperate; dissipated

huáng hūn
dusk; evening; nightfall

huǎng rán  
to suddenly realize; to suddenly see the light

huī huáng
splendid; glorious

huī huò
to squander money; extravagant; prodigal; free and easy; agile

huí bào
(in) return; reciprocation; payback; retaliation; to report back; to reciprocate

to shun; to avoid (sb); to skirt; to evade (an issue); to step back; to withdraw; to recuse (a judge etc)

to look back; to review

huí shōu
to recycle; to reclaim; to retrieve; to recover; to recall (a defective product)

huǐ hèn
remorse; repentance

huǐ miè
to perish; to ruin; to destroy

huì bào
to report; to give an account of; to collect information and report back
to bribe; a bribe

to meet; meeting; conference

to lose consciousness; to be in a coma; stupor; coma; stunned; disoriented

hún shēn
all over; from head to foot

to mix; to blend

hùn luàn
confusion; chaos; disorder

hùn xiáo
to obscure; to confuse; to mix up; to blur; to mislead

hùn zhuó
turbid; muddy; dirty

huó gāi
(coll.) serve sb right; deservedly; ought; should

energy; vitality; vigor; vital force

huǒ jiàn
rocket; CL: (méi)

huǒ yàn
blaze; flame

huǒ yào

currency; monetary; money

perhaps; maybe

base (of operations); industrial or military base; al-Qaeda

locomotive; motorized; power-driven; adaptable; flexible (use, treatment, timing etc)
hunger; starvation; famine

to arouse; to excite

mechanism; structure; organization; agency; institution; CL: (suǒ)

mechanism; gear; machine-operated; office; agency; organ; organization; establishment; institution; body; strategum; scheme; intrigue; plot; trick; CL: | ()


to encourage; to urge; motivation; incentive

clever; quick-witted

secret; classified (information)

passion; fervor; enthusiasm; strong emotion

to sneer

machine; machinery; mechanical; (old) cunning; scheming

gene (loanword)

opportunity; favorable circumstance; stroke of luck

quick-witted; resourceful
even if; even though; right away; immediately

(military) rank; level; grade

disease; sickness; ailment

to be jealous; to envy; to hate


 gōng jìn 
seeking instant benefit (idiom); shortsighted vision, looking only for fast return

one's native place; place of ancestry; registered birthplace

on the eve of; to be about to; to be on the verge of

rapid; sudden

eager; impatient

group; bloc; corporation; conglomerate

limit; extreme boundary

lucky; auspicious; propitious

  qiú chéng
anxious for quick results (idiom); to demand instant success; impatient for result; impetuous

at the earliest possible time; as soon as possible

irritable; irascible; impetuous

to accord; to give; to show (respect)

to inherit; to succeed to (the throne etc); to carry on (a tradition etc)

quarter of a year; season (sports)

taboo; to avoid as taboo; to abstain from

to bother about; to haggle; to bicker; to argue; plan; stratagem


third in a race; bronze medalist

technical ability; skill

skill; technique

to entrust (to sb); to place (one's hope, energy etc) in; a thing in which you invest (your hope, energy etc)

 wǎng kāi lái
to follow the past and herald the future (idiom); part of a historical transition; forming a bridge between earlier and later stages

mark; indication; sign; indicator

memory (ability to retain information)

minutes; written summary of a meeting

to write down; to record; written account

jiā cháng
the daily life of a family

jiā gōng
to process; processing; working (of machinery)

jiā huo
household dish, implement or furniture; domestic animal; (coll.) guy; chap; weapon

to intensify; to sharpen; to accelerate; to aggravate; to exacerbate; to embitter

jiā shǔ
family member; (family) dependent

jiā yáo
fine food; delicacies; delicious food

jiā   xiǎo
understood by everyone (idiom); well known; a household name

to mix together (disparate substances); to mingle; a mix; to be tangled up with

jiǎ shè
to suppose; to presume; to assume; supposing that ...; if; hypothesis; conjecture
jiǎ shǐ
if; in case; suppose; given ...

jiān dìng
firm; steady; staunch; resolute

to control; to supervise; to inspect

jiān duān
sharp pointed end; the tip; the cusp; tip-top; most advanced and sophisticated; highest peak; the best

firm; firmly; hard; stable

jiān nán
difficult; hard; challenging

jiān rèn
tough and durable; tenacious

jiān shí
firm and substantial; solid

jiān shì
to monitor; to keep a close watch over; surveillance

jiān yìng
hard; solid


jiān zhí
to hold concurrent posts; concurrent job; moonlighting

to choose; to pick; to sort out; to pick up

jiǎn cǎi
to cut the ribbon (at a launching or opening ceremony)

jiǎn huà
to simplify

jiǎn lòu
simple and crude

jiǎn tǎo
to examine or inspect; self-criticism; review

simplified Chinese character, as opposed to traditional Chinese character | (fán )

jiǎn yàn
to inspect; to examine; to test

jiǎn yào
concise; brief

to splash

jiàn bié
to differentiate; to distinguish

jiàn dié

jiàn dìng
to appraise; to identify; to evaluate
jiàn duō shí guǎng
experienced and knowledgeable (idiom)

compartment; gap; interval; to divide

jiàn jiē

jiàn jiě
opinion; view; understanding

jiàn quán
robust; sound

to trample

jiàn tǐng
warship; naval vessel

jiàn wén
what one has seen and heard; knowledge; one's experience

jiàn  yǒng wéi
to see what is right and act courageously (idiom, from Analects); to stand up bravely for the truth; acting heroically in a just cause

in view of; seeing that; considering; whereas

jiāng jìn
almost; nearly; close to

jiāng jūn
general; high-ranking military officer; to check or checkmate; fig. to embarrass; to challenge; to put sb on the spot; Chiangchun township in Tainan county | (tái nán xiàn), Taiwan

jiāng yìng
stiff; rigid

oar; paddle

to reward; reward (as encouragement)

jiǎng shǎng
reward; prize; award

jiàng lín
to descend; to arrive; to come

jiāo chā
to cross; to intersect; to overlap

jiāo dài
to hand over; to explain; to make clear; to brief (sb); to account for; to justify oneself; to confess; to finish (colloquial)

jiāo diǎn
focus; focal point

anxiety; anxious

delicate; squeamish; finicky

jiāo shè
to negotiate; relating to

jiāo wǎng
to associate (with); to have contact (with); to hang out (with); to date; (interpersonal) relationship; association; contact

(business) transaction; business deal; CL: | ()

jiǎo bàn
to stir; to agitate

jiǎo luò
nook; corner

to pay (taxes etc)

jiào liàng
to pit oneself against sb; to compete with sb; contest; battle; to haggle; to quibble

jiào yǎng
to train; to educate; to bring up; to nurture; education; culture; upbringing; early conditioning

all; each and every; in all cases

jiē céng
hierarchy; stratum; social class

to expose; to bring to light; to disclose; revelation

jiē lián
on end; in a row; in succession

to expose; to unmask; to ferret out; to disclose; disclosure

jié chū
outstanding; distinguished; remarkable; prominent; illustrious

jié guǒ
outcome; result; conclusion; in the end; as a result; to kill; to dispatch

jié jìn quán 
to spare no effort (idiom); to do one's utmost

jié jīng
to crystallize; crystallization; crystal; crystalline; (fig.) the fruit (of labor etc)

conclusion; ending

jié suàn
to settle a bill; to close an account

jié zhì
up to (a time); by (a time)

jié zòu
rhythm; tempo; musical pulse; cadence; beat

jiě chú
to remove; to sack; to get rid of; to relieve (sb of their duties); to free; to lift (an embargo); to rescind (an agreement)

to fire; to sack; to dismiss; to terminate employment

jiě pōu
to dissect (an animal); to analyze; anatomy

jiě sàn
to dissolve; to disband

to break up into components; to disintegrate; to collapse; to crumble

jiè bèi
to take precautions; to guard against (emergency)

jiè jiàn
to use other people's experience; to borrow from a source; to use as reference

jiè xiàn
boundary; marginal

jiè zhù
to draw support from; with the help of

jīn jīn yǒu wèi
with keen interest pleasure (idiom); with gusto; to relish; eagerly; with great interest

jīn róng
banking; finance; financial

jǐn kuài
as quickly as possible; as soon as possible; with all speed; Also written: 盡快|尽快

jǐn liàng
as much as possible; to the greatest extent

inseparably close

pressing; urgent

jǐn xiù qián chéng
bright future; bright prospects

jìn ér
and then (what follows next)

jìn gōng
to attack; to assault; to go on the offensive; attack; assault; offense (sports)

jìn huà
evolution; CL: | ()

jìn lái
recently; lately

jìn pào
to steep; to soak; to immerse

jìn shēng
to promote to a higher position

jìn shì
shortsighted; nearsighted; myopia

jìn tóu
enthusiasm; zeal; vigor; strength

jìn zhǎn
to make headway; to make progress

stalk; stem; CL: | (tiáo)

jīng   suàn
meticulous planning and careful accounting (idiom)

jīng dòng
to alarm; to startle; to disturb

jīng fèi
funds; expenditure; CL: | ()

jīng huá
best feature; most important part of an object; quintessence; essence; soul

jīng jiǎn
to simplify; to reduce

jīng jīng  
cautious and conscientious

accuracy; exact; precise; refined

to be amazed; to be surprised; to wonder

jīng què
accurate; precise

jīng shāng
to trade; to carry out commercial activities; in business

jīng tōng
to be proficient in; to master (a subject)

jīng wěi
warp and woof; longitude and latitude; main points

jīng xīn
with utmost care; fine; meticulous; detailed

amazed; astonished; to surprise; amazing; astonishment; awe

jīng  qiú jīng
to perfect sth that is already outstanding (idiom); constantly improving

jīng zhì
delicate; fine; exquisite; refined

a well; CL: (kǒu); neat; orderly; Jing, one of the 28 constellations of Chinese astronomy; surname Jing

jǐng gào
to warn; to admonish

to be on the alert; vigilant; alert; on guard; to warn

jǐng zhuī
cervical vertebra; the seven cervical vertebrae in the neck of humans and most mammals

jìng jiè
boundary; state; realm

to salute; salute

jìng sài
race; competition; CL: | ()

jìng tóu
camera lens; camera shot (in a movie etc); scene

jìng xuǎn
to take part in an election; to run for office

jiū fēn

jiū zhèng
to correct; to make right

jiǔ jīng
alcohol; ethanol CH3CH2OH; ethyl alcohol; Also written: 乙醇; grain alcohol

emergency relief; to help the needy with cash or goods

jiù jìn
nearby; in a close neighborhood

looking for employment; getting a job; to start a career

jiù zhí
to take office; to assume a post

to bow; (literary) to bend down

to detain (a prisoner); to keep sb in custody

to restrict; to restrain; constrained; awkward; ill at ease; uncomfortable; reticent

to reside; to dwell; to live in a place; resident in

part; local

aspect; phase; situation

situation; state (of affairs)

to limit; to confine; to restrict sth within set boundaries

act; action; activity; move; movement

to chew; to think over

dispirited; dejected; dismayed

 shì wén míng
world-famous (idiom)

 shì zhǔ 
to receive worldwide attention

  qīng zhòng
to play a critical role (idiom); influential

script for play, opera, movie etc; screenplay; scenario

 jīng huì shén
to concentrate one's attention (idiom)

violent; acute; severe; fierce

according to reports; it is reported (that)

strategic decision; decision-making; policy decision; to determine policy

jué wàng
to despair; to give up all hope; desperate; desperation

to come to understand; to realize; consciousness; awareness; Buddhist enlightenment (Sanskrit: cittotpāda)

jué xǐng
to awaken; to come to realize; awakened to the truth; the truth dawns upon one; scales fall from the eyes; to become aware

jūn duì
army; troops; CL: (zhī), | ()

cartoon (loanword)

kāi cǎi
to extract (ore or other resource from a mine); to exploit; to mine

kāi chú
to expel

kāi kuò
wide; open (spaces); to open up

kāi lǎng
spacious and well-lit; open and clear; (of character) optimistic; cheerful; carefree

kāi míng
enlightened; open-minded; enlightenment

to open up; to set up; to establish

kāi shuǐ
boiled water; boiling water

kāi tuò
to break new ground (for agriculture); to open up (a new seam); to develop (border regions); fig. to open up (new horizons)

kāi zhǎn
to launch; to develop; to unfold; (of an exhibition etc) to open

kāi zhī
expenditures; expenses; CL: | (), | (xiàng); to spend money; (coll.) to pay wages

kān dēng
to carry a story; to publish (in a newspaper or magazine)

kān tàn
to explore; to survey; to prospect (for oil etc); prospecting


kàn dài
to look upon; to regard

kàn lai
apparently; it seems that

kàn wàng
to visit; to pay a call to

kāng kǎi
vehement; fervent; generous; giving; liberal

kǎo chá
to inspect; to observe and study; on-the-spot investigation


to examine; to check up on; to assess; to review; appraisal; review; evaluation

kǎo yàn
to test; to put to the test; trial; ordeal

kào lǒng
to draw close to

to tap; to knock (against sth hard); to knock (mud from boots, ashes from a pipe etc)

kernel; granule; granulated (sugar, chemical product)


considerable; impressive; significant

tasty; to taste good

to thirst for; to long for

repulsive; vile; hateful; abominable

funny; ridiculous


  róng huǎn
to brook no delay; to demand immediate action

client; customer

task; problem; issue

to gnaw; to nibble; to bite

kěn qiè
earnest; sincere

hole; pit; tunnel; to defraud

kōng dòng
cavity; empty; vacuous

kōng qián jué hòu
unprecedented and never to be duplicated; the first and the last; unmatched; unique

kōng xiǎng
daydream; fantasy; to fantasize

hollow; emptiness; meaningless

hole; CL: | (); classifier for cave dwellings; surname Kong

to threaten; to menace

to be frightened; fear; dread

kòng bái
blank space

crack; gap between two objects; gap in time between two events

tone of voice; the way one speaks; manner of expression; tone

kǒu qiāng
oral cavity

kǒu tóu
oral; verbal

kǒu yīn
oral speech sounds (linguistics)

used up; dried up; exhausted (of resources)

dry and dull; uninteresting; dry-as-dust

 jìn gān lái
bitterness finishes, sweetness begins (idiom); the hard times are over, the good times just beginning

to carry (esp. slung over the arm, shoulder or side)

to step across; to stride over; to straddle; to span

kuài huo
happy; cheerful

kuān chang
spacious; wide

kuǎn dài
to entertain; to be hospitable to

kuǎn shì
pattern; style; design; CL: | (zhǒng)

basket; CL: | (zhī)

kuàng jià
frame; framework; fig. pattern; outline; organizing plan

to play truant; to cut classes

kuàng qiě
moreover; besides; in addition; furthermore

kuī dài
to treat sb unfairly

kuī sǔn
deficit; (financial) loss

kūn chóng
insect; CL: | (zhī), (qún), (duī)

kǔn bǎng
to bind

kuò chōng
to expand

kuò sàn
to spread; to proliferate; to diffuse; spread; proliferation; diffusion

kuò zhāng
expansion; dilation; to expand (e.g. one's power or influence); to broaden

(onom.) sound of singing, cheering etc; (phonetic); (dialect) to chat

horn (automobile etc); loudspeaker; brass wind instrument; trumpet; suona | (suǒ )

history; antecedents; origin

lái yuán
source (of information etc); origin

regular column or segment (in a publication or broadcast program); program (TV or radio)

lǎn duò
idle; lazy

láng bèi
in a difficult situation; to cut a sorry figure; scoundrel! (derog.)

to read aloud

to fish up; to dredge up

láo dao
to prattle; to chatter away; to nag; garrulous; nagging

firm; secure

láo sāo
discontent; complaint; to complain

delight; pleasure; joy

to be willing to do sth; to be ready to do sth; to be happy to do sth; content; satisfied

radar (loanword)

similar; analogous

lěng dàn
cold; indifferent

grim; unfeeling; callous

lěng què
to cool off; cooling

to look distracted; to stare blankly; distracted; blank; (coll.) unexpectedly; rash; rashly

dawn; daybreak

to heed; to pay attention to

 chéng bēi


 suǒ dāng rán
as it should be by rights (idiom); proper and to be expected as a matter of course; inevitable and right

 zhí  zhuàng
in the right and self-confident (idiom); bold and confident with justice on one's side; to have the courage of one's convictions; just and forceful

reason; intellect; rationality; rational

position; standpoint; CL: | ()

successive generations; successive dynasties; past dynasties

pros and cons; advantages and disadvantages; gains and losses

 jiāo qiáo
overpass; flyover

always; throughout (a period of time); (of) all-time

interest rates

 suǒ néng 
as far as one's capabilities extend (idiom); to the best of one's ability; within one's powers

three-dimensional; solid; stereoscopic

to try hard to; to strive to

exception; to be an exception

to work hard for; to do all one can; to contend strongly

to stand; to have a footing; to be established; to base oneself on

lián huān
to have a get-together; celebration; party

lián jié
honest; not coercive; honesty; integrity; incorruptible

lián luò
to get in touch with; to contact; to stay in contact (with); liaison; (math.) connection

lián méng
alliance; union; coalition

lián nián
successive years; over many years

lián suǒ
to interlock; to be linked; chain (store etc)

lián tóng
together with; along with

lián xiǎng
to associate (cognitively); to make an associative connection; mental association; word prediction and auto-complete functions of input method editing programs; abbr. for | (lián xiǎng tuán)

liáng xīn

to dry in the air; (fig.) to cold-shoulder

liàng jiě
to understand; to make allowances for; understanding

liáo kuò
vast; extensive

a list; to list; to enumerate

to sprinkle; to drip; to pour; to drench

lín chuáng

stingy; mean; miserly

líng chén
very early in the morning; in the wee hours

líng gǎn
inspiration; insight; a burst of creativity in scientific or artistic endeavor

líng hún
soul; spirit

clever; witty; intelligent

líng mǐn
smart; clever; sensitive; keen; quick; sharp

líng xīng
fragmentary; random; bits and pieces; sporadic

lǐng huì
to understand; to comprehend; to grasp

lǐng shì guǎn


to understand; to comprehend

lǐng xiān
to lead; to be in front

lǐng xiù
leader; CL: | (), (wèi), (míng)

to slip away; to escape in stealth; to skate

liú làng
to drift about; to wander; to roam; nomadic; homeless; unsettled (e.g. population); vagrant

liú liàn
reluctant to leave; to hate to have to go; to recall fondly

to express; to reveal (one's thoughts or feelings)

liú máng
rogue; hoodlum; gangster; immoral behavior

liú niàn
to keep as a souvenir; to recall fondly

liú shén
to take care; to be careful

liú tōng
to circulate; to distribute; circulation; distribution

deaf and dumb

lóng zhòng
grand; prosperous; ceremonious; solemn

lǒng duàn
to enjoy market dominance; to monopolize

lǒng zhào
to envelop; to shroud

to hug; to embrace; to hold in one's arms


repeatedly; time and again

to fulfill (one's obligations); to carry out (a task); to implement (an agreement); to perform

lüè duó
to plunder; to rob

lüè wēi
a little bit; slightly

lún chuán
steamship; steamer; ocean liner; ship; CL: (sōu)

lún kuò
an outline; silhouette

lún tāi
tire; pneumatic tire

lùn tán
forum (for discussion)

lùn zhèng
to prove a point; to expound on; to demonstrate or prove (through argument); proof

luō suo
variant of | (luō suo)

luó  dīng

luò chéng
to complete a construction project

luò shí
practical; workable; to implement; to carry out; to decide

luò   jué
continuously; in an endless stream (idiom)

paralysis; palsy; numbness; to benumb; (fig.) to lull; negligent; apathetic

numb; insensitive; apathetic

anesthesia; fig. to poison (sb's mind)

dock; pier; wharf; CL: | ()

modal particle indicating that sth is obvious; particle indicating a pause for emphasis

to ambush; to lie in wait for; to lie low; ambush

to engulf; to bury; to overlook; to stifle; to neglect; to fall into oblivion

mái zàng
to bury

to take a step; to stride

pulse (both medical and figurative)

mán yuàn
to complain; to grumble (about); to reproach; to blame

màn cháng
very long; endless

màn huà
caricature; cartoon; Japanese manga

màn xìng
slow and patient; chronic (disease); slow to take effect (e.g. a slow poison)

màn yán
to extend; to spread

busy; bustling

máng máng
boundless; vast and obscure

blind; blindly; ignorant; lacking understanding

máng rán
blankly; vacantly; at a loss

mào chōng
to feign; to pretend to be; to pass oneself off as

mào shèng

classifier for coins, rings, badges, pearls, sporting medals, rockets, satellites etc; tree trunk; whip; wooden peg, used as a gag for marching soldiers (old); surname Mei

méi jiè
intermediary; vehicle; vector; medium; media

media, esp. news media

méi zhé
at one's wit's end; unable to find a way out

měi guān
pleasing to the eye; beautiful; artistic

měi mǎn
happy; blissful

měi miào
beautiful; wonderful; splendid

mén zhěn
outpatient service

drizzle; mist

to sprout (lit. or fig.); to bud; to germinate; germ; seed; bud

měng liè
fierce; violent (criticism etc)

mèng xiǎng
(fig.) to dream of; dream

to narrow one's eyes; to squint; (dialect) to take a nap

to complement; to make up for a deficiency

to puzzle; to confuse; to baffle

to pervade; to fill the air; diffuse; everywhere present; about to inundate (water); permeated by (smoke); filled with (dust); to saturate (the air with fog, smoke etc)

fascinating; enchanting; charming; tempting

to lose (one's bearings); to get lost

superstition; to have a superstitious belief (in sth)

density; thickness

to seal up

miǎn de
so as not to; so as to avoid

to encourage

miǎn qiǎng
to do with difficulty; to force sb to do sth; reluctant; barely enough

immunity (to disease)

miàn mào
appearance; face; features; CL: | ()

miàn zi
outer surface; outside; honor; reputation; face (as in "losing face"); self-respect; feelings; (medicinal) powder

miáo huì
to describe; to portray

miǎo xiǎo
minute; tiny; negligible; insignificant

miè shì
to loathe; to despise; contempt

miè wáng
to be destroyed; to become extinct; to perish; to die out; to destroy; to exterminate

mín jiān
among the people; popular; folk; non-governmental; involving people rather than governments

mín yòng
(for) civilian use

mǐn gǎn
sensitive; susceptible

mǐn jié
nimble; quick; shrewd

mǐn ruì
keen; sharp; acute

position in a ranking of names; place; rank

míng é
quota; number of places; place (in an institution, a group etc)

míng   shí
not just in name only, but also in reality (idiom)

míng míng
obviously; plainly; undoubtedly; definitely

fame; reputation; honor; honorary; emeritus (of retired professor)

mìng míng
to give a name to; to dub; to christen; to designate; named after; naming

to feel about; to grope about; to fumble; to do things slowly

membrane; film

friction; rubbing; chafing; fig. disharmony; conflict; Also written: 磨擦

model; fine example


to break in; to wear in

mode; method; pattern


model; mold; matrix; pattern

to erase; to cover traces; to obliterate evidence; to expunge; to blot out; to suppress

 míng  miào
unfathomable mystery (idiom); subtle and ineffable; unable to make head or tail of it; boring (e.g. movie)

in silence; not speaking

 shuǐ r
erhua variant of ( shuǐ)

móu qiú
to seek; to strive for

look; style; appearance; approximation; about; CL: | (); also pr: yàng

native language; mother tongue; (linguistics) parent language

to witness; to see at first hand; to see with one's own eyes

sight; vision; view; gaze; look

to take a bath; to bathe; to immerse

expert in; good at

 mèn r
erhua variant of | ( mèn)

nài yòng

seldom; rare; hard to come by

nán kān
hard to take; embarrassed

nán miǎn
hard to avoid; difficult to escape from; will inevitably

nán néng  guì
rare and precious; valuable; remarkable

nǎo huǒ
to get angry; irritated; to annoy; to aggravate; annoying

nèi hán
meaningful content; implication; connotation (semantics); inner qualities (of a person)

inside story; non-public information; behind the scenes; internal

nèi zài
intrinsic; innate

néng liàng
energy; capabilities

to draw up; to draft; to formulate

year (e.g. school year, fiscal year); annual

to pinch (with one's fingers); to knead; to make up

to pinch; wring

to freeze; to solidify; to congeal; fig. with rapt attention

to condense; to coagulate; coacervation (i.e. form tiny droplets); aggregation; coherent

níng shì
to gaze at; to fix one's eyes on

nìng kěn
would rather...; it would be better...; would prefer

nìng yuàn
would rather; better

niǔ kòu r

niǔ zhuǎn
to reverse; to turn around (an undesirable situation)

nóng hòu
dense; thick (fog, clouds etc); to have a strong interest in; deep; fully saturated (color)

the traditional Chinese calendar; the lunar calendar


nüè dài
to mistreat; to maltreat; to abuse; mistreatment; maltreatment

to shift; to move

oh (interjection indicating that one has just learned sth)

to beat up; to come to blows; battery (law)

ōu zhōu
Europe; abbr. for | (ōu luó zhōu)

to vomit

to lie on one's stomach; to lean forward, resting one's upper body (on a desktop etc); (Taiwan) percent

pái chì
to reject; to exclude; to eliminate; to remove; to repel

pái chú
to eliminate; to remove; to exclude; to rule out

pái fàng
emission; discharge; exhaust (gas etc)

pái huái
to dither; to hesitate; to pace back and forth; by ext. to hover around; to linger

pài bié
denomination; group; school; faction; school of thought

pài qiǎn
to send (on a mission); to dispatch

pān dēng
to climb; to pull oneself up; to clamber; to scale; fig. to forge ahead in the face of hardships and danger

pán xuán
to spiral; to circle; to go around; to hover; to orbit

edge; side; boundary; bank (of a river etc); shore

pàn jué
judgment (by a court of law); to pass judgment on; to sentence

huge; enormous; tremendous

to abandon; to discard; to renounce; to dump (sb)

foam; (soap) bubble; (economic) bubble

péi xùn
to cultivate; to train; to groom; training

to train; to breed

pèi bèi
to allocate; to provide; to outfit with

pèi ǒu
consort; mate; spouse

pèi tào
to form a complete set; coherent

basin (low-lying geographical feature); depression

pēng rèn
cooking; culinary arts

to clasp; to cup the hands; to hold up with both hands; to offer (esp. in cupped hands); to praise; to flatter

to hack; to chop; to split open; (of lightning) to strike

wholesale; bulk trade; distribution

to criticize; critique; CL: | ()

beaten; exhausted; tired

leather; CL: | (zhāng)

to tire; tired

character; temperament; disposition; bad temper; CL: | ()

buttocks; bottom; butt; back part

for example; for instance; such as

piān chā
bias; deviation

piān jiàn

remote; desolate; far from the city

piān piān
(indicates that sth turns out just the opposite of what one would wish) unfortunately; as it happened; (indicates that sth is the opposite of what would be normal or reasonable) stubbornly; contrarily; against reason; (indicates that sb or a group is singled out) precisely; only; of all people

piàn duàn
fragment (of speech etc); extract (from book etc); episode (of story etc)

short period of time; a moment

to float; to hover; to drift (also fig., to lead a wandering life); to rove; showy; superficial

piāo yáng
to wave; to flutter; to fly

to struggle; to wrestle

pīn mìng
to do one's utmost; with all one's might; at all costs; (to work or fight) as if one's life depends on it

impoverished; lacking; deficient; limited; meager; impoverishment; lack; deficiency

pín fán
frequently; often

pín kùn
impoverished; poverty


pǐn cháng
to taste a small amount; to sample

moral character

pǐn xíng
behavior; moral conduct

pǐn zhì
character; intrinsic quality (of a person); quality (of a product or service, or as in "quality of life", "air quality" etc)

píng fán
commonplace; ordinary; mediocre

to evaluate; to assess; assessment; evaluation

píng lùn
to comment on; to discuss; comment; commentary; CL: (piān)

píng miàn
plane (flat surface); print media

píng tǎn
level; even; smooth; flat

píng xíng
parallel; of equal rank; simultaneous

píng yuán
field; plain; CL: | ()

píng zhàng
protective screen

slope; CL: | (); sloping; slanted

to splash; to spill; rough and coarse; brutish

rather; quite; considerably; oblique; inclined; slanting; Taiwan pr: ; surname Po; Taiwan pr:

impatient (idiom); in a hurry; itching to get on with it

to persecute; persecution

to make an exception

courage; daring; boldness; resolution; drive

to throw oneself at; to pounce on; to devote one's energies; to flap; to flutter; to dab; to pat; to bend over

to spread; to display; to set up; (old) holder for door-knocker

to spread extensively; to generalize; widespread; popular; universal; ubiquitous; pervasive

plain; simple; guileless; down-to-earth; sincere and honest


to bully

desolate (place)

to deceive; to cheat

to have expectations; to earnestly hope; expectation; hope

time limit; deadline; allotted time

fantastic; wonderful

Chinese-style dress; cheongsam


to discriminate against; discrimination

 xīn xié 
to work with a common purpose (idiom); to make concerted efforts; to pull together; to work as one

ensign; flag

to make a draft; to draw up (plans)

to set out on a journey

originally; at first; at the outset

to move up and down; to undulate; ups and downs


to heckle; rowdy jeering; to create a disturbance

at the minimum; at the very least

to reveal; to enlighten; enlightenment; revelation; illumination; moral (of a story etc); lesson

announcement (written, on billboard, letter, newspaper or website); to post information; a notice

uprising; insurrection; revolt

how can this be so? (idiom); preposterous; ridiculous; absurd

origin; to originate; to come from

equipment; material

lofty quality; mettle; spirit

qigong, a system of deep breathing exercises

organ (part of body tissue); apparatus

 jīn wéi zhǐ
so far; up to now; still (not)

spirit; boldness; positive outlook; imposing attitude


imposing manner; loftiness; grandeur; energetic looks; vigor

odor; scent

meteorological feature; CL: | (); meteorology; atmosphere; ambience; scene

atmospheric pressure; barometric pressure

to pick (flowers); to pinch; to nip; to pinch off; to clutch; (slang) to fight

qià dàng
appropriate; suitable

qià dào hǎo chù
it's just perfect; it's just right

qià qiǎo
fortunately; unexpectedly; by coincidence

qià tán
to discuss

qiān chě
to involve; to implicate

qiān dìng
to agree to and sign (a treaty etc)

qiān fāng bǎi 
lit. thousand ways, a hundred plans (idiom); by every possible means

qiān jiù
to yield; to adapt to; to accommodate to (sth)

qiān shǔ
to sign (an agreement)

to migrate; to move

qiān xùn
humble; modest; unpretentious; modesty

qiān zhì
to control; to curb; to restrict; to impede; to pin down (enemy troops)

qián jǐng
foreground; vista; (future) prospects; perspective

potential; capacity

qián shuǐ
to dive; to go under water; lurker (Internet slang for sb who reads forum posts but never replies)

premise; precondition; prerequisite

qián   huà
imperceptible influence; to influence secretly

to denounce; to condemn; to criticize; condemnation; criticism

qiáng zhì
to enforce; enforcement; forcibly; compulsory

qiǎng jié
to rob; looting

qiǎng jiù
to rescue

to compel; to force

qiáo liáng
bridge; fig. connection between two areas

to stick up; to rise on one end; to tilt

qiè ér  shě
to chip away at a task and not abandon it (idiom); to chisel away at sth; to persevere; unflagging efforts

qiè shí
feasible; realistic; practical; earnestly; conscientiously

qīn fàn
to infringe on; to encroach on; to violate; to assault

qīn pèi
to admire; to look up to; to respect sb greatly

affectionate; intimate; warmhearted; to get intimate with sb

qīn shēn
personal; oneself

qín jiǎn
hardworking and frugal

qín kěn
diligent and attentive; assiduous; sincere

hydrogen (chemistry)

qīng chè
clear; limpid

qīng chén
early morning

qīng chú
to clear away; to eliminate; to get rid of

qīng ér  
easy; with no difficulty

qīng jié
clean; to clean

to clear up; to tidy up; to dispose of

qīng tīng
to listen attentively

clear; distinct

qīng xiàng
trend; tendency; orientation

qīng xié
to incline; to lean; to slant; to slope; to tilt

qīng xǐng
clear-headed; sober; awake

qīng zhēn
Islamic; Muslim; halal (of food); clean; pure

qíng bào
information; intelligence

qíng jié
plot; circumstances

qíng lǎng
sunny and cloudless

reason; sense

qíng xing
circumstances; situation; CL: | ()

qǐng jiǎn
invitation card; written invitation

qǐng jiào
to ask for guidance; to consult

qǐng shì
to ask for instructions

qǐng tiě
invitation card; written invitation

qiū líng

to differentiate; to draw a distinction; to divide into categories

to surrender; to yield

area; region; district

winding; (fig.) complicated

to expel; to deport; banishment

irrigation ditch; (fig.) channel; means

to suppress; to crack down on; to prohibit

poem for singing; tune; music; CL: (zhī)

fun; interest; delight; taste; liking; preference

quān tào
trap; snare; trick

quán héng
to consider; to weigh (a matter); to balance (pros and cons)

overall situation

to do at all costs; to make an all-out effort

quán tou
fist; clenched fist; CL: | (); competitive (product)

quán wēi
authority; authoritative; power and prestige

rights; interests; rights and benefits


quē kǒu
nick; jag; gap; shortfall

absence; absent

quē xiàn
defect; flaw; physical defect


què bǎo
to ensure; to guarantee

to establish; to institute

què qiè
definite; exact; precise

què xìn
to be convinced; to be sure; to firmly believe; to be positive that; definite news

qún zhòng
mass; multitude; the masses

to dye; to catch (a disease); to acquire (bad habits etc); to contaminate; to add color washes to a painting

to concede; to give in; to yield; a concession; (linguistics) concessive

ráo shù
to forgive; to pardon; to spare

rǎo luàn
to disturb; to perturb; to harass

to stir up trouble; to invite disaster

 lèi yíng kuàng
eyes brimming with tears of excitement (idiom); extremely moved

popular; hot; in vogue

benevolent; charitable; kind; kindly; kindness; merciful

rén dào
human sympathy; humanitarianism; humane; the "human way", one of the stages in the cycle of reincarnation (Buddhism); sexual intercourse

personality; integrity; dignity

rén gōng
artificial; manpower; manual work

rén jia
other people; sb else; he, she or they; I, me (referring to oneself as "one" or "people")

rén jiān
the human world; the earth

rén shì
person; figure; public figure

rén wéi
artificial; man-made; having human cause or origin; human attempt or effort

rén xìng
human nature; humanity; human; the totality of human attributes

rén zhì

rěn nài
to endure; to bear with; to exercise patience; to restrain oneself; patience; endurance

rěn shòu
to bear; to endure

rèn dìng
to maintain (that sth is true); to determine (a fact); determination (of an amount); of the firm opinion; to believe firmly; to set one's mind on; to identify with

to approve; approval; acknowledgment; OK

rèn mìng
to appoint and nominate; (job) appointment; CL: | (zhǐ)

rèn xìng
willful; headstrong; unruly

arbitrary; at will; at random

rèn zhòng dào yuǎn
a heavy load and a long road; fig. to bear heavy responsibilities through a long struggle (cf Confucian Analects, 8.7)

réng jiù
still (remaining); to remain (the same); yet

 xīn yuè 
daily renewal, monthly change (idiom); every day sees new developments; rapid progress

day by day; more and more; increasingly; more and more with each passing day

róng jiě
to dissolve

róng mào
one's appearance; one's aspect; looks; features

to hold; to contain; to accommodate; to tolerate (different opinions)

receptacle; vessel

róng qià
harmonious; friendly relations; on good terms with one another

róng rěn
to put up with; to tolerate

to knead; to massage; to rub

gentle; soft

ruò diǎn
weak point; failing

ruò gān
a certain number or amount; how many?; how much?

to tell lies


sān jiǎo

sǎn wén
prose; essay

to distribute; to emit; to issue

sàng shī
to lose; to forfeit

sǎo zi
(coll.) older brother's wife; sister-in-law; CL: | ()

tint; coloring; coloration; (fig.) flavor; character

shā chē
to brake (when driving); to stop; to switch off; to check (bad habits); a brake

dialectal equivalent of | (shén me)

shāi xuǎn
to filter

shān mài
mountain range; CL: | (tiáo)

shǎn shuò
flickering; twinkling; evasive; vague (of speech)

shàn cháng
to be good at; to be expert in

without permission; of one's own initiative

shàn zi
fan; CL: ()

shāng biāo
trademark; logo

shāng nǎo jīn
to be a real headache; to find sth a real headache; to beat one's brains

higher authorities; superiors; CL: | ()

shàng jìn xīn
motivation; ambition

shàng rèn
to take office; previous (incumbent); predecessor

shàng yǐn
to get into a habit; to become addicted

shàng yóu
upper reaches (of a river); upper level; upper echelon; upstream

to bring sth to sb; to deliver

tip of branch

a whistle; sentry

shē chǐ
luxurious; extravagant

to involve; to touch upon (a topic)

to set up; to establish


to absorb (nutrients etc); to assimilate; intake; to take a photograph of (a scene)

shè shì 
degrees centigrade

shè xiǎng
to imagine; to assume; to envisage; tentative plan; to have consideration for

shè zhì
to set up; to install

shēn ào
profound; abstruse; recondite; profoundly

shēn bào
to report (to the authorities); to declare (to customs)

shēn chén
deep; profound; (of a person) reserved; undemonstrative; (of a voice, sound etc) deep; low-pitched

shēn qíng hòu 
deep friendship

shēn shì

shēn yín
to moan; to groan

magical; mystical; miraculous

expression; manner; vigorous; impressive; lofty; pretentious

shén qíng
look; expression

expression; look

shén shèng
divine; hallow; holy; sacred

shén tài
appearance; manner; bearing; deportment; look; expression; mien

shén xiān
Daoist immortal; supernatural entity; (in modern fiction) fairy, elf, leprechaun etc; fig. lighthearted person

shěn chá
to examine; to investigate; to censor out; censorship

to hear (a case)

shěn měi
esthetics; appreciating the arts; taste

shěn pàn
a trial; to try sb

shèn tòu
to permeate; to infiltrate; to pervade; osmosis

shèn zhòng
cautious; careful; prudent

shēng chù
domesticated animals; livestock

shēng cún
to exist; to survive

opportunity to live; to reprieve from death; life force; vitality


shēng míng
to state; to declare; statement; declaration; CL: | (xiàng), (fèn)

shēng shì
fame and power; prestige; influence; impetus; momentum

shēng shū
unfamiliar; strange; out of practice; not accustomed

shēng tài

organism; living creature; life form; biological; CL: | ()

shēng xiào
to take effect; to go into effect

shēng xiù
to rust; to grow rusty; to corrode; oxidization

reputation; fame

to bear; to give birth; to grow; to rear; to bring up (children); fertility

shěng huì
provincial capital

shèng chǎn
to produce in abundance; to be rich in

victory or defeat; the outcome of a battle

shèng kāi
blooming; in full flower

shèng qíng
great kindness; magnificent hospitality

shèng xíng
to be in vogue; to be prevalent

shī fàn
teacher-training; pedagogical; normal (school, e.g. Beijing Normal University)

shī jiā
to exert (effort or pressure)

dead body; corpse; carcass; CL: ()

lapse; mistake; to make a mistake; fault; service fault (in volleyball, tennis etc)

shī zhǎn
to use fully; to put to use

shī zi
lion; CL: | (zhī), | (tóu)

shī zōng
to be missing; to disappear; unaccounted for

to pick up; to collate or arrange; ten (banker's anti-fraud numeral)

shí bié
to distinguish; to discern

shí chā
time difference; time lag; jet lag

shí cháng
often; frequently

shí ér
occasionally; from time to time

shí guāng
time; era; period of time

shí huì
tangible benefit; material advantages; cheap; economical; advantageous (deal); substantial (discount)

fortunate timing; occasion; opportunity


shí shī
to implement; to carry out

shí shì
current trends; the present situation; how things are going

shí shì qiú shì
to seek truth from facts (idiom); to be practical and realistic

shí yóu
oil; petroleum

shí zhì
substance; essence

shí zhuāng
fashion; fashionable clothes

ample; complete; hundred percent; a pure shade (of some color)
shǐ mìng
mission (diplomatic or other); set task

to be bound to; undoubtedly will

shì dài
for many generations; generation; era; age

shì fàn
to demonstrate; to show how to do sth; demonstration; a model example

shì fàng
to release; to set free; to liberate (a prisoner); to discharge

shì fēi
right and wrong; quarrel

accident; CL: | (zhuāng), (), ()

deed; past achievement; important event of the past

shì jiàn
event; happening; incident; CL: | ()

shì jiè guān
worldview; world outlook; Weltanschauung

vision; eyesight

shì li
power; (ability to) influence

shì shì
to pass away; to die

shì tài
situation; existing state of affairs

to attempt; to try

shì wēi
to demonstrate (as a protest); a demonstration; a military show of force

(political, economic etc) affairs; work; transaction (as in a computer database)
shì xiàn
line of sight

shì xiàng
matter; item

shì yàn
experiment; test; CL: (), | (); to experiment; experimental

field of view; horizon

undertaking; project; activity; (charitable, political or revolutionary) cause; publicly funded institution, enterprise or foundation; career; occupation; CL: | ()

suitable; appropriate

to hint; to indicate (an idea to sb)

shōu cáng
to hoard; to collect; collection; to bookmark (Internet)

shōu suō
to pull back; to shrink; to contract; (physiology) systole

earnings; profit

shōu yīn 
radio; CL: | (tái)

technique; trick; skill

to guard; to protect

shǒu shì
gesture; sign; signal

shǒu yào
the most important; of chief importance

craftmanship; workmanship; handicraft; trade

to award; to confer

shòu zuì
to endure; to suffer; hardships; torments; a hard time; a nuisance

shū chàng
happy; entirely free from worry

calligraphy; handwriting; penmanship

shū hu
to neglect; to overlook; negligence; carelessness

books; works

shū ji
secretary (chief official of a branch of a socialist or communist party); clerk; scribe

shū miàn
in writing; written

to count; to count as; to regard as; to enumerate (sb's shortcomings)

to erect; vertical; vertical stroke (in Chinese characters)

to bind; bunch; bundle; classifier for bunches, bundles, beams of light etc; to control; surname Shu

shù é
amount; sum of money; fixed number

to bind; to restrict; to tie; to commit; fetters

to set up; to establish

amount; number

to play with; to wield; to act (cool etc); to display (a skill, one's temper etc); surname Shua

shuāi lǎo
to age; to deteriorate with age; old and weak
shuāi tuì
to decline; to fall; to drop; to falter; a decline; recession (in economics)

shuài lǐng
to lead; to command; to head

shuàn huǒ guō
see | (shuàn guō zi)

shuāng bāo tāi
twin; CL: | (duì)

shuǎng kuai
refreshed; rejuvenated; frank and straightforward

water conservancy; irrigation works

shuǐ lóng tóu
faucet; tap

cement; CL: (dài)

judicial; (administration of) justice

commanding officer

to think of; to long for; to miss

to think deeply; to ponder

(line of) thought; thinking

refined; educate; cultured; intellectual; polite; gentle

train of thought; emotional state; mood; feeling

private; personal; secretly; without explicit approval

to die; death

absolutely unrestrained; unbridled; without the slightest scruple

to raise; to rear

the four limbs of the body

to excite; to raise up; to shrug; high; lofty; towering

classifier for ships; Taiwan pr: sāo

sōu suǒ
to search (a place); to search (a database etc)

to come to; to awaken; to regain consciousness

common saying; proverb

 shí zhǔ 


to model; to mold; plastic (arts); flexible; to portray (in sculpture or in words)

inner quality; basic essence

suàn le
let it be; let it pass; forget about it

suàn shù
to count numbers; to keep to one's word; to hold (i.e. to remain valid); to count (i.e. to be important)

immediately; presently; following which

suí shēn
to (carry) on one's person; to (take) with one

suí shǒu
conveniently; without extra trouble; while doing it; in passing

as one wishes; according to one's wishes; at will; voluntary; conscious

suì dào

suì yuè
years; time

sǔn huài
to damage; to injure

suǒ péi
to ask for compensation; to claim damages; claim for damages

suǒ xìng
you might as well (do it); simply; just

to collapse; to droop; to settle down

firmly-based; steady; steadfast; to have peace of mind; free from anxiety; Taiwan pr: shí

tái fēng
hurricane; typhoon

tài dǒu
leading scholar of his time; magnate

tài kōng
outer space

tān huàn
paralysis; be paralyzed (body, transportation, etc)

tān lán
avaricious; greedy; rapacious; insatiable; avid

tān r
erhua variant of | (tān)

to be corrupt; corruption; to embezzle

tán xìng
flexibility; elasticity

tǎn bái
honest; forthcoming; to confess

to probe; to take readings; to explore; exploration

to sigh; to heave a sigh

tàn suǒ
to explore; to probe

tàn tǎo
to investigate; to probe

tàn wàng
to visit; to call on sb; to look around

táng  lu
sugar-coated Chinese hawthorn or other fruit on a stick; tanghulu

to fish out (from pocket); to scoop

tāo tāo  jué
unceasing torrent (idiom); talking non-stop; gabbling forty to the dozen

pottery and porcelain; ceramics

naughty; mischievous

táo tài
to wash out; elimination (by selection); natural selection; to knock out (in a competition); to die out; to phase out

tǎo jià huán jià
to haggle over price

personal strength; one's special ability or strong points

special; specific; designated; particular

characteristic; distinguishing feature or quality

to promote to a higher job; to select for promotion

subject matter

to extract (ore, minerals etc); to refine; to purify; to process

to point out; to remind (sb of sth); to suggest; suggestion; tip; reminder; notice

proposal; suggestion; to propose; to suggest

to empathize; to allow (for something); to show understanding; to appreciate

dignity; face (as in "losing face"); honorable; creditable; pretty

system; setup; CL: | ()

tiān cái
talent; gift; genius; talented; gifted

tiān lún zhī 
family love and joy; domestic bliss

tiān rán 
natural gas

tiān shēng
nature; disposition; innate; natural

tiān táng
paradise; heaven

tiān wén

tián jìng
track and field (athletics)

to lick; to lap

tiāo ti
picky; fussy

harmonious; to mediate; to reconcile; to compromise; mediation; to mix; to blend; blended; to season; seasoning; to placate

to adjust; to balance; to make up a medical prescription

tiáo jié
to adjust; to regulate; to harmonize; to reconcile (accountancy etc)

tiáo jiě
to mediate; to bring parties to an agreement

tiáo kuǎn
clause (of contract or law); CL: | (xiàng)

arrangement; order; tidiness

tiáo liào
condiment; seasoning; flavoring

tiáo yuē
treaty; pact; CL: | ()

to incite disharmony; to instigate

tiǎo xìn
to provoke; provocation

tiào yuè
to jump; to leap; to bound; to skip

to anchor; anchorage; mooring (of a ship)

tíng dùn
to halt; to break off; pause (in speech)

tíng zhì
stagnation; at a standstill; bogged down

tíng zi

tall and straight

tōng huò péng zhàng

common; everyday; average

tōng yòng
common (use); interchangeable

tóng bāo
born of the same parents; sibling; fellow citizen; compatriot

tóng huà
children's fairy tales

tóng kuàng
copper mine; copper ore

tóng zhì
comrade; (slang) homosexual; CL: | ()

tǒng chóu jiān 
an overall plan taking into account all factors

statistics; to count; to add up

tǒng tǒng

to speculate (on financial markets); opportunistic; congenial; agreeable

tóu piào
to vote; vote

tóu xiáng
to surrender; surrender

tóu zhì
to throw sth a long distance; to hurl; to throw at; to throw (dice etc); to flip (a coin)

bald; blunt

to break through; to make a breakthrough; to surmount or break the back of (a task etc); (of ball sports) to break through a defense

design; pattern

apprentice; disciple

way; channel

to paint; to smear; to apply (makeup etc); to doodle; to erase; to obliterate


tuán jié
to unite; unity; solidarity; united

group; organization; team; CL: | ()

tuán yuán
member; group member

speculation; to conjecture; to surmise; to speculate

tuī fān
to overthrow

reasoning; speculative; inference

tuī lùn
to infer; inference; corollary; reasoned conclusion

tuī xiāo
to market; to sell

tūn yàn
to swallow; to gulp

to separate oneself from; to break away from; diastasis (medicine); abscission; abjunction (botany)

tuō yán
to delay; to put off; to procrastinate

tuō yùn
to consign (goods); to check through (baggage)

tuǒ dang
appropriate; proper; ready

tuǒ shàn
appropriate; proper

tuǒ xié
to compromise; to reach terms; a compromise

tuǒ yuán
oval; ellipse; elliptic

tuò mo
spittle; saliva

to excavate; to dig; to unearth

baby; small child; doll

to collapse; to disintegrate; to crumble

replaces (a) when following the vowel "u" or "ao"

to distort; to misrepresent

wài biǎo
external; outside; outward appearance

wài háng
layman; amateur

wài jiè
the outside world; external

wài xiàng
extroverted (personality); (economics etc) export-oriented

ball; pellet; pill

wán bèi
faultless; complete; perfect; to leave nothing to be desired

to finish; to end; to complete

stubborn; obstinate

wán nòng
to play with; to toy with; to dally with; to engage in; to resort to

wán qiáng
tenacious; hard to defeat

wán  r
erhua variant of (wán )

wǎn huí
to retrieve; to redeem

wǎn jiù
to save; to remedy; to rescue

to regret; to feel that it is a great pity; to feel sorry for sb

wàn fēn
very much; extremely; one ten thousandth part

wǎng cháng
habitually (in the past); as one used to do formerly; as it used to be

wǎng luò
network (computing, telecommunications, transport etc); Internet

wǎng shì
past events; former happenings

wàng xiǎng
to attempt vainly; a vain attempt; delusion

wēi   dào
negligible; insignificant

wēi fēng
might; awe-inspiring authority; impressive

wēi guān
micro-; sub-atomic

crisis; CL: | ()

might; formidable power

wēi wàng

wēi xìn
prestige; reputation; trust; credit with the people; Weixin county in Zhaotong (zhāo tōng), Yunnan

wéi bèi
to go against; to be contrary to; to violate

wéi chí
to keep; to maintain; to preserve

only; just (i.e. it is only that...); all except; unique

wéi nán
to feel embarrassed or awkward; to make things difficult (for someone); to find things difficult (to do or manage)

(to be done) by (a certain date); lasting (a certain time)

wéi shēng 

wéi shǒu
head; be headed by

wéi xiū
maintenance (of equipment); to protect and maintain

wěi yuán
committee member; committee; council; CL: | ()

wěi zào
to forge; to fake; to counterfeit

to fear; to dread; foreboding

wèi kǒu
appetite; liking

wèi miǎn
unavoidably; can't help; really; rather

wèi wèn
to express sympathy, greetings, consolation etc

wèi xīng
satellite; moon; CL: | ()

to be located at; to be situated at; to lie

wēn dài
temperate zone

mild; gentle; moderate

wén píng

cultural relic; historical relic; CL: (jiàn), | ()

wén xiàn

elegant; refined

literature and art

wèn shì
to be published; to come out

nest; pit or hollow on the human body; lair; den; place; to harbor or shelter; to hold in check; to bend; classifier for litters and broods

jet-black; dark

to slander; to smear; to tarnish

to entrap; to frame; to plant false evidence against sb

incomparable; matchless

free; no charge; at no cost

without any sense of shame; unembarrassed; shameless

not to have access; beyond one's authority or capability; sth one has no way of doing

 dòng  zhōng
aloof; indifferent; unconcerned

only; nothing else

 jīng  cǎi
dispirited and downcast (idiom); listless; in low spirits; washed out

  fèng gào
(idiom) "no comment"

have no way out; have no alternative; abbr. to | ( nài)

hoodlum; rascal; rogue; rascally; scoundrelly

to make trouble without reason (idiom); to be deliberately provocative

 néng wéi 
impotent (idiom); powerless; helpless

 qióng  jìn
endless; boundless; infinite

 wēi  zhì
in every possible way (idiom); meticulous

carefree and without worries (idiom)

ignorant; ignorance

dance (performance art); dancing

to insult; to humiliate; dishonor

martial arts chivalry (Chinese literary, theatrical and cinema genre); knight-errant

arms; equipment; to arm; military; armed (forces)

do not

must; to need to; to be sure to

difference; error; inaccuracy

to misunderstand; to misread; misunderstanding

 měi jià lián
good quality and cheap; a bargain

pragmatic; dealing with concrete issues

goods; supplies

creek; rivulet


to stop burning; to go out (of fire); to die out; extinguished

to absorb; to draw (a lesson, insight etc); to assimilate

formerly; in olden days

to sacrifice one's life; to sacrifice (sth valued); beast slaughtered as a sacrifice

sunset; the setting sun

daughter-in-law; wife (of a younger man); young married woman; young woman

attack (esp. surprise attack); raid; to attack

custom; tradition; local tradition; convention

 wén  jiàn
to love to hear and see (idiom); well received; to one's liking

happy; joyous

cell (biology)

bacterium; germ

series; set

delicate; fine; careful; meticulous; painstaking

red clouds

xiá ài
narrow; tight; narrow minded; lacking in experience

canyon; gill; ravine

xiá zhǎi

xià lìng yíng
summer camp

xià shǔ
subordinate; underling

xiān jìn
advanced (technology); to advance

xiān míng
bright; clear-cut; distinct

to lift; to raise in height; to begin; upsurge; to set off (a campaign)

xiān qián
before; previously

xiān wéi
fiber; CL: | (zhǒng)

to dislike; suspicion; resentment; enmity; abbr. for (xián fàn), criminal suspect

bow string; string of musical instrument; watchspring; chord (segment of curve); hypotenuse; CL: (gēn)

xián huà
digression; gossip; complaint; scandal; CL: (duàn)

xián huì
variant of | (xián huì)

xián jiē
to join together; to combine

suspicion; to have suspicions

xiǎn zhù
outstanding; notable; remarkable; statistically significant

xiàn chǎng
the scene (of a crime, accident etc); (on) the spot; (at) the site

xiàn chéng
ready-made; readily available

constitution (of a country); CL: ()

xiàn hài
to entrap; to set up; to frame (up); to make false charges against

xiàn r
erhua variant of | (xiàn)

to sink into; to get caught up in; to land in (a predicament)
xiàn suǒ
trail; clues; thread (of a story)

xiàn zhuàng
current situation

xiāng chà
to differ; discrepancy between

xiāng děng
equal; equally; equivalent

xiāng  xiāng chéng
to complement one another (idiom)

xiāng qiàn
to inlay; to embed; to set (e.g. a jewel in a ring); tiling; tesselation

xiāng yìng
to correspond; answering (one another); to agree (among the part); corresponding; relevant; appropriate; (modify) accordingly

xiāng zhèn
village; township

xiǎng fāng shè 
to think up every possible method (idiom); to devise ways and means; to try this, that and the other

xiǎng liàng
loud and clear; resounding

xiǎng yìng
to respond to; answer; CL: | ()

back of neck; item; thing; term (in a mathematical formula); sum (of money); classifier for principles, items, clauses, tasks, research projects etc; surname Xiang

lane; alley

xiàng dǎo

xiàng lái
always (previously)

xiàng wǎng
to yearn for; to look forward to

xiāo chú
to eliminate; to remove

to disinfect; to sterilize

xiāo fáng
firefighting; fire control

xiāo hào
to use up; to consume

xiāo huǐ
to destroy (by melting or burning); to obliterate

negative; passive; inactive

stingy; miserly; narrow-minded; petty

xiǎo xīn  
cautious and solemn (idiom); very carefully; prudent; gently and cautiously

xiào shùn
filial piety; to be obedient to one's parents

xiào xiàng
portrait (painting, photo etc); (in a general sense) representation of a person; likeness

benefit; effectiveness; efficiency

xié dài
to carry (on one's person); to support (old); Taiwan pr: dài

xié huì
an association; a society; CL: | (), (jiā)

xié shāng
to consult with; to talk things over; agreement

agreement; pact; protocol; CL: | (xiàng)

xié zhù
to provide assistance; to aid

xiě zuò
to write; to compose; writing; written works

bits; fragments; crumbs; filings; trifling; trivial; to condescend to

xiè jué
to refuse politely

to leak (information); to divulge; also pr: xiè lòu

to leak (gas); to be discouraged; to despair; (disparaging) pathetic; to vent one's anger; (of a tire) to be flat

xīn chén dài xiè
metabolism (biology); the new replaces the old (idiom)

what one has learned (through experience, reading etc); knowledge; insight; understanding; tips; CL: | (xiàng), | ()

xīn láng
bridegroom; groom

xīn líng
bright; smart; quick-witted; heart; thoughts; spirit

xīn niáng

xīn qín
hardworking; industrious

xīn shuǐ
salary; wage

xīn tài
attitude (of the heart); state of one's psyche; way of thinking; mentality

xīn téng
to love dearly; to feel sorry for sb; to regret; to grudge; to be distressed

xīn wèi
to be gratified

xīn xīn xiàng róng
luxuriant growth (idiom); flourishing; thriving

xīn xuè
heart's blood; expenditure (for some project); meticulous care

xīn yǎn r
one's thoughts; mind; intention; willingness to accept new ideas; baseless suspicions

xīn yǐng
lit. new bud; fig. new and original

xìn lài
to trust; to have confidence in; to have faith in; to rely on

xìn niàn
faith; belief; conviction

xìn yǎng
to believe in (a religion); firm belief; conviction

prestige; distinction; reputation; trust

fishy (smell)

xīng lóng
prosperous; thriving; flourishing; Xinglong county in Chengde (chéng ), Hebei

xīng wàng
prosperous; thriving; to prosper; to flourish

xíng shì
criminal; penal

xíng tài
shape; form; pattern; morphology

xíng zhèng
administrative; executive (attributive)

xìng gǎn
sex appeal; eroticism; sexuality; sexy

xìng gāo cǎi liè
happy and excited (idiom); in high spirits; in great delight

xìng hǎo

xìng mìng

xìng néng
function; performance

xìng qíng
nature; temperament

xìng zhì  
to become exhilarated (idiom); in high spirits; full of zest

xiōng è
fierce; ferocious; fiendish; frightening
xiōng huái
one's bosom (the seat of emotions); breast; broad-minded and open; to think about; to cherish

xiōng shǒu
murderer; assassin

xiōng táng

xióng hòu
robust; strong and solid

xiū chǐ
(a feeling of) shame

to restore; to renovate; restoration; (computing) to fix (a bug)

xiū jiàn
to build; to construct

to repair; to fix; to prune; to trim; (coll.) to sort sb out; to fix sb

xiū yǎng
accomplishment; training; self-cultivation

to embroider; embroidery

xiù jué
sense of smell

false; phony; pretense

requirement; to require; (economics) demand


false; hypocritical; artificial; sham

key information; instructions; it must be borne in mind

to allow; to permit

heavy drinking; to get drunk; to drink to excess

to raise animals

preface; introductory remarks; preamble; prelude

xuān shì
to swear an oath (of office); to make a vow

xuān yáng
to proclaim; to make public or well known

xuán guà
to suspend; to hang; (vehicle) suspension

melody; rhythm

xuán niàn
suspense in a movie, play etc; concern for sb's welfare

xuán  qiào 
sheer cliffs and precipitous rock faces (idiom)

xuán zhuǎn
to rotate; to revolve; to spin; to whirl

to select the best

xuǎn shǒu
athlete; contestant

xuē ruò
to weaken; to impair; to cripple

educational background; academic qualifications

xué shuō
theory; doctrine

xué wèi
academic degree; place in school

xuě shàng jiā shuāng
to add hail to snow (idiom); one disaster on top of another; to make things worse in a bad situation

blood pressure

xūn táo
to seep in; to influence; to nurture; influence; training

xún huán
to cycle; to circulate; circle; loop

xún luó
to patrol (police, army or navy)

to look for

xún  jiàn jìn
in sequence, step by step (idiom); to make steady progress incrementally

deposit; down payment

to oppress; to repress; to constrict; oppression; stress (physics)

 suì qián
money given to children as new year present

to compress; compression

to constrain or repress emotions; oppressive; stifling; depressing; repression

to press; to squeeze; to extract juice, oil etc by squeezing

to suppress; to inhibit; to stifle

second place (in a sports contest); runner-up

yān huā bào zhú
fireworks and crackers

to submerge; to drown; to flood; to drown out (also fig.)
yán hǎi

yán hán
bitter cold; severe winter

yán jìn
to strictly prohibit

yán jùn
grim; severe; rigorous

severe; strict

yán lùn
expression of opinion; views; remarks; arguments

strict; tight (organization, surveillance etc)

to delay; to extend; to postpone; to defer

blistering hot; sizzling hot (weather)

yán shēn
to extend; to spread

yán shí

to continue; to go on; to last

yǎn biàn
to develop; to evolve; development; evolution

yǎn gài
to conceal; to hide behind; to cover up

yǎn guāng
gaze; insight; foresight; vision; way of looking at things

to screen; to shield; to cover; protection; cover; CL: (miàn)

yǎn jiǎng
lecture; to make a speech

signal made with one's eyes; meaningful glance

yǎn shén
expression or emotion showing in one's eyes; meaningful glance; wink; eyesight (dialect)

yǎn shì
to cover up; to conceal; to mask; to gloss over

maneuver; exercise; practice; to maneuver

yǎn xià
now; at present; subocular (medicine)

(of a story etc) to unfold; to play out; to develop (a technique etc); to enact; (logic) to deduce; to infer

yǎn zòu
to perform on a musical instrument

yàn shōu
to inspect and accept; acceptance

to loathe; to hate; disgusted with sth

yàn zhèng
to inspect and verify; experimental verification; to validate (a theory); to authenticate


yàng pǐn
sample; specimen

yáo bǎi
to sway; to wobble; to waver

yáo gǔn
rock 'n' roll (music); to rock; to fall off

yáo huàng
to rock; to shake; to sway

yáo kòng
remote control

yáo yán

yáo yuǎn
distant; remote
yǎo  qiè chǐ
gnashing one's teeth (idiom); displaying extreme anger; fuming with rage between gritted teeth

yào  rán
otherwise; or else; or

yào diǎn
main point; essential

yào mìng
to cause sb's death; very; extremely; frightening; annoying

essential factor; key constituent
yào yǎn
to dazzle; dazzling

barbarous; uncivilized

ambition; wild schemes; careerism

in order; in succession

for a time; at one time; one time; once

 fān fēng shùn
propitious wind throughout the journey (idiom); plain sailing; to go smoothly; have a nice trip!

consistent; constant; from start to finish; all along; persistent

as before; still

one move, two gains (idiom); two birds with one stone

according to; basis; foundation

to rely on sth (for support etc); to depend on

to depend on; to be dependent on

top quality; front ranking

same; uniformly; all; without exception

  liǎo rán
obvious at a glance (idiom)

just as in the past (idiom); as before; continuing as always


not one thread loose (idiom); strictly according to the rules; meticulous; not one hair out of place

to rely on; to depend on

always (previously); a period of time in the recent past


heritage; legacy; inheritance; bequest; CL: | ()

heredity; inheritance; to transmit

to doubt; to distrust; unconvincing; to puzzle over; misgivings; suspicions

to leave behind; to hand down

instrument; apparatus; CL: | (tái)

to lose; lost

so that; so as to; in order to

in order to avoid; so as not to

in the past; formerly

down to; up to; to such an extent as to ...; Also written: 以至於|以至于[yi3 zhi4 yu2]

to such an extent as to; down to; up to


wing; area surrounding the bullseye of a target; to assist; one of the 28 constellations of Chinese astronomy; old variant of 翌; surname Yi; alternative name for | (jiàng) capital of the Jin State during the Spring and Autumn Period (770-475 BC)

exceptional; abnormal; an anomaly

perseverance; willpower

to anticipate; to expect

firmly; resolutely; without hesitation

consciousness; awareness; to be aware; to realize

intent; intention; to intend

 wèi zhe
to signify; to mean; to imply

intention; purpose; intent; inclination; disposition

will; willpower; determination; CL: | ()

to inhibit; to keep down; to suppress

yīn móu
plot; conspiracy

yīn xiǎng
sound; acoustics; audio; hi-fi system; stereo sound system; abbr. for | ( yīn xiǎng)

to conceal; to hide; covert; under cover

yǐn dǎo
to guide; to lead (around); to conduct; to boot; introduction; primer

yǐn huàn
a danger concealed within sth; hidden damage; misfortune not visible from the surface

yǐn mán
to conceal; to hide (a taboo subject); to cover up the truth

yǐn qíng
engine (loanword); CL: | (tái)

yǐn shí
food and drink; diet

secrets; private business; privacy

yǐn yòng
to quote; to cite; to recommend; to appoint; (computing) reference

yǐn yuē
vague; faint; indistinct

yìn shuā
to print; printing

yīng ér
infant; baby; CL: | (); lead (Pb)

yīng míng
wise; brilliant

yīng yǒng
heroic; gallant; valiant

profit; gain

yíng miàn
directly; head-on (collision); in one's face (of wind)

yíng píng
fluorescent screen; TV screen

yìng chou
social niceties; social interaction; a dinner party

yìng yāo
at sb's invitation; on invitation

to endorse; to support

filthy; vulgar; debased

yōng yǒu
to have; to possess

yǒng héng
eternal; everlasting; fig. to pass into eternity (i.e. to die)

yǒng xiàn
to emerge in large numbers; to spring up; to emerge prominently

to dare to; to be brave enough to

yǒng yuè
to leap; to jump; eager; enthusiastically

yòng gōng
diligent; industrious (in one's studies); to study hard; to make great effort

user; consumer; subscriber; customer

yōu shèng liè tài
survival of the fittest (idiom)

yōu xiān
to have priority; to take precedence

exceptional; outstandingly good

sullen; depressed; melancholy; dejected

yōu yuè
superior; superiority

grease; greasy food; oily; rich (of food); fatty; greasy and dirty; a slippery character

oil paints; lacquer; to paint; CL: | (céng)

similar to; appearing to be

yǒu tiáo  wěn
regular and thorough (idiom); methodically arranged

yòu huò
to entice; to lure; to induce; to attract

yòu zhì
young; childish; puerile

silly; stupid

public opinion

ignorant; uneducated

fisherman; fisher folk

to increase steadily; to grow with each passing day

down-filled garment

to give; to impose; to apply

the more...(the more...); to recover; to heal; better

reconciled; smooth

to forecast; to anticipate; expectation

to expect; to anticipate

preliminary competition; to hold preliminary heats


desire; longing; appetite; craving

beforehand; in advance

to predict; prophecy

fable; CL: | ()

omen; sign (of sth yet to occur); prior indication; to foreshadow

yuān wang
to accuse wrongly; to treat unjustly; injustice; wronged; not worthwhile

yuán gào
complainant; plaintiff

principle; theory

yuán lín
gardens; park; landscape garden

yuán mǎn
satisfactory; consummate; perfect

yuán quán
fountainhead; well-spring; water source; fig. origin

yuán shǐ
first; original; primitive; original (document etc)

yuán shǒu
head of state

element; element of a set; chemical element

yuán xiān
originally; original; former

yuán xiāo jié
Lantern Festival, the final event of the Spring Festival 春節|春节, on 15th of first month of the lunar calendar

yuē shù
to restrict; to limit to; to constrain; restriction; constraint

wife's father, father-in-law

a musical score; sheet music

yùn cáng
to hold in store; to contain (untapped reserves etc)

yùn niàng
(of alcohol) to ferment; (of a crisis) to be brewing; to mull over (an issue); to hold exploratory discussions

yùn suàn
(mathematical) operation

yùn xíng
to move along one's course (of celestial bodies etc); (fig.) to function; to be in operation; (of a train service etc) to operate; to run; (of a computer) to run

to be pregnant; to produce offspring; to nurture (a development, school of thought, artwork etc); fig. replete with (culture etc)

to smash; to pound; to fail; to muck up; to bungle

acrobatics; CL: | (chǎng)

to hybridize; to crossbreed; promiscuity

dialectal equivalent of | (zěn me)

zāi nàn
disaster; catastrophe

zāi péi
to grow; to cultivate; to train; to educate; to patronize

to slaughter livestock; to govern or rule; to cheat customers; imperial official in dynastic China

zài hu
to care about; equivalent of | (zài )

zài jiē zài 
to continue the struggle (idiom); to persist; unremitting efforts

to care about; to mind

to collect; to hoard; to accumulate; to save

zàn qiě
for now; for the time being; temporarily

zàn tàn
to exclaim in admiration

zàn tóng
to approve of; to endorse; (vote) in favor

zàn yáng
to praise; to approve of; to show approval

zàn zhù
to support; to assist; to sponsor

zāo shòu
to suffer; to sustain (loss, misfortune)

to waste; to defile; to abuse; to insult; to defile; to trample on; to wreck; also pr: zāo ta

zāo yāng
to suffer a calamity

to meet with; to encounter; (bitter) experience

zào fǎn
to rebel; to revolt

zào xíng
to model; to shape; appearance; style; design; form; pose

zào yīn
rumble; noise; static (in a signal)

to blame; to rebuke

thief; traitor; wily; deceitful; evil; extremely

zēng tiān
to add; to increase

zèng sòng
to present as a gift

slag (in mining or smelting); dregs

to prick; to run or stick (a needle etc) into; jug (a classifier for liquids such as beer)

zhā shi
strong; solid; sturdy; firm; practical

to blink; to wink

zhà piàn
to defraud; to swindle; to blackmail

zhāi yào
summary; abstract

zhài quàn
bond; debenture

zhān guāng
to bask in the light; fig. to benefit from association with sb or sth; reflected glory

zhān yǎng
to revere; to admire

zhǎn dīng jié tiě
lit. to chop the nail and slice the iron (idiom); fig. resolute and decisive; unhesitating; categorical

zhǎn shì
to reveal; to display; to show; to exhibit sth

zhǎn wàng
outlook; prospect; to look ahead; to look forward to

zhǎn xiàn
to come out; to emerge; to reveal; to display

zhǎn xīn
brand new

zhàn dòu
to fight; to engage in combat; struggle; battle; CL: | (cháng), ()

to occupy; to hold

zhàn lǐng
to occupy (a territory); to hold

zhàn lüè

zhàn shù

military campaign

zhàn yǒu
to have; to own; to hold; to occupy; to possess; to account for (a high proportion etc)

zhāng chéng
rules; regulations; constitution; statute; articles of association (of company); articles of incorporation; charter (of a corporation); by-laws

zhǎng bèi
one's elders; older generation

zhàng ài
barrier; obstruction; hindrance; impediment; obstacle

zhàng peng
tent; CL: | (dǐng), (zuò)

zhāo  péng 
full of youthful energy (idiom); vigorous; energetic; a bright spark

zhāo shōu
to hire; to recruit

zhāo tóu biāo
bid inviting and bid offering; bidding; auction

to be fascinated; to be captivated

marsh; swamp; wetlands; glade

zhào liào
to tend; to take care of sb

zhào yàng
as before; (same) as usual; in the same manner; still; nevertheless
zhào yào
to shine; to illuminate

zhào yìng
to correlate with; to correspond to

zhē dǎng
to shelter; to shelter from

zhē teng
to toss from side to side (e.g. sleeplessly); to repeat sth over and over again; to torment sb; to play crazy; to squander (time, money)

to break; to fracture; to snap; to suffer loss; to bend; to twist; to turn; to change direction; convinced; to convert into (currency); discount; rebate; tenth (in price); classifier for theatrical scenes; to fold; accounts book

to persecute; to torment

zhēn guì

zhēn tàn
detective; to do detective work

rare; precious and uncommon

zhēn xiàng
the truth about sth; the actual facts

zhēn zhì
sincere; sincerity

zhēn zhū
pearl; CL: | ()

zhēn zhuó
to consider; to deliberate; to fill up a cup to the brim

position; front

zhèn dìng
calm; unperturbed; cool

zhèn fèn
to stir oneself up; to raise one's spirits; to inspire

zhèn jīng
to shock; to astonish

zhèn jìng
calm; cool

zhèn róng
troop arrangement; battle formation; lineup (of a sports team etc)

zhèn xīng
to revive; to revitalize; to invigorate; to re-energize; Zhengxing district of Dandong city | (dān dōng shì), Liaoning

suppression; repression; to suppress; to put down; to quell

zhēng duān
dispute; controversy; conflict

zhēng duó
to fight over; to contest; to vie over

to evaporate; evaporation

to conquer; to subdue; to vanquish

to work hard for sth; to resolve on improvement; determined not to fall short

zhēng shōu
to levy (a fine); to impose (a tariff)

zhēng xiān kǒng hòu
striving to be first and fearing to be last (idiom); outdoing one another

controversy; dispute; to dispute

zhēng yuè
first month of the lunar year

zhēng zhá
to struggle

zhěng dùn
to tidy up; to reorganize; to consolidate; to rectify

zhèng dāng
timely; just (when needed)

positive and negative

zhèng guī
regular; according to standards

zhèng jīng
decent; honorable; proper; serious; according to standards

healthy environment; healthy atmosphere; righteousness; vital energy (in Chinese medicine)

zhèng quán
regime; political power

zhèng shí
to confirm (sth to be true); to verify

zhèng shū
credentials; certificate

justice; righteousness; just; righteous

zhèng zhòng
serious; solemn

zhèng zhuàng
symptom (of an illness)

branch; classifier for sticks, rods, pencils etc

zhī chēng
to prop up; to support; strut; brace

zhī chū
to spend; to pay out; expense

zhī fáng
fat (in the body, in a plant, or in food)

zhī jué
perception; consciousness

zhī liú
tributary (river)

zhī pèi
to control; to dominate; to allocate

zhī yuán
to provide assistance; to support; to back

zhī zhù
mainstay; pillar; prop; backbone

zhī  cháng 
satisfied with what one has (idiom)

zhí bān
to work a shift; on duty

live broadcast (not recorded); direct Internet broadcasting; (agriculture) direct seeding

zhí mín 

zhí néng
function; role

zhí wèi
post; office; position

post; position; job; duties

zhǐ biāo
(production) target; quota; index; indicator; sign; signpost; (computing) pointer

zhǐ dìng
to appoint; to assign; to indicate clearly and with certainty; designated

zhǐ jia

zhǐ lìng
order; command; instruction

zhǐ nán zhēn

zhǐ shì
to point out; to indicate; to instruct; directives; instructions; CL: | ()

zhǐ wàng
to hope for sth; to count on; hope

to criticize; to find fault with; to denounce

zhì ān
law and order; public security

zhì cái
to punish; punishment; sanctions (incl. economic)

to express in words or writing; to make a speech (esp. short introduction, vote of thanks, afterword, funeral homily etc); to address (an audience); same as 致詞|致词

zhì dìng
to work out; to formulate

to subdue; to check; to bring under control; (in former times) what one is allowed to wear depending on social status; uniform (army, party, school etc); livery (for company employees); CL: (tào)

to govern; to administer; to manage; to control; governance

intelligence; intellect

to devote to; to dedicate to

zhì liú
to detain; retention

zhì néng
intelligent; able; smart (phone, system, bomb etc)

ambition; resolve; backbone; drive; spirit

zhì shāng
IQ (intelligence quotient)
zhì shǐ
to cause; to result in

zhì yuē
to restrict; condition

zhì zhǐ
to curb; to put a stop to; to stop; to check; to limit

zhōng chéng
devoted; loyal; fidelity; loyalty

zhōng diǎn
the end; end point; finishing line (in a race); destination; terminus; CL: | ()

zhōng duàn
to cut short; to break off; to discontinue; to interrupt

zhōng jiū
in the end; after all is said and done


zhōng nián
entire year; throughout the year; age at death

zhōng shēn
lifelong; all one's life; marriage

zhōng shí

zhōng xīn
heartfelt; wholehearted; cordial

zhōng yāng
central; middle; center; central authorities (of a state)

zhōng zhǐ
to stop; to terminate (law)

zhǒng liú

zhǒng zi
seed; CL: | (), ()

race; ethnicity

zhòng suǒ zhōu zhī
as everyone knows (idiom)

zhòng xīn
center of gravity; central core; main part

prefecture; (old) province; (old) administrative division; state (e.g. of US); oblast (Russia); canton (Switzerland)


congee; gruel; porridge; CL: (wǎn)

zhōu biān
periphery; rim; surroundings; all around; perimeter; peripheral (computing); spin-offs

careful; thorough; meticulous; dense; impenetrable

zhōu nián
anniversary; annual

period; cycle

zhōu zhé
twists and turns; vicissitude; complication; difficulty; effort; CL: (fān)

zhōu zhuǎn
to rotate; to circulate (cash, stock etc); turnover; circulation; cash flow

zhòu wén
wrinkle; CL: (dào)

day and night; period of 24 hours; continuously, without stop

tree trunk; stump (tree root); a plant; classifier for trees or plants; to involve others (in shady business)

zhū wèi
(pron) everyone; Ladies and Gentlemen; Sirs

zhú nián
year after year; with each passing year; over the years

to lean on; to prop on

zhǔ bàn
to organize; to host (a conference or sports event)

zhǔ dǎo
leading; dominant; prevailing; to lead; to direct; to dominate

zhǔ guǎn
in charge; responsible for; person in charge; manager

zhǔ liú
main stream (of a river); fig. the essential point; main viewpoint of a matter; mainstream (culture etc)

zhǔ quán

theme; subject


zhù shè
injection; to inject

zhù shì
marginal notes; annotation; to annotate; to add comments to text

zhù shì
to watch attentively; to gaze at

zhù shǒu
assistant; helper

zhù zào
to cast (pour metal into a mold)

zhù zhā
to station; to garrison (troops)

zhù zhái
residence; tenement

zhù zhòng
to pay attention to; to emphasize

zhù zuò
to write; literary work; book; article; writings; CL: ()

to pull; to tug at (sth)

zhuān cháng
specialty; special knowledge or ability

zhuān chéng
specifically; specially (for that purpose)

specialized subject; branch (of medicine); specialized training school

patent; sth uniquely enjoyed (or possessed etc) by a certain group of people; monopoly

special topic

tiles and bricks

to pass on; to convey; to communicate

zhuǎn ràng
transfer (technology, goods etc); conveyancing (property)

to shift; to divert or distract (attention etc); to change; to transform; metastasis (medicine); to evacuate (people)

zhuǎn zhé
shift in the trend of events; turnaround; plot shift in a book; turn in the conversation

biography; CL: (piān), ()

zhuāng bèi
equipment; to equip; to outfit

zhuāng xiè
to load or unload; to transfer; to assemble and disassemble

zhuāng yán
solemn; dignified; stately

zhuāng zhòng
grave; solemn; dignified

classifier for buildings; carriage curtain (old)

zhuàng guān
spectacular; magnificent sight

magnificence; magnificent; majestic; glorious

zhuàng liè
brave; heroic

zhuī dào
to mourn; to pay last respects; mourning; memorial (service etc)

zhuī jiū
to investigate; to look into

norm; standard; criterion

to carve and polish (jade); to polish and refine a literary work

zhuó shǒu
to put one's hand to it; to start out on a task; to set out

zhuó xiǎng
to give thought (to others); to consider (other people's needs); also pr: zháo xiǎng

zhuó yuè
outstanding; surpassing; distinguished; splendid

zhuó zhòng
to put emphasis on; to stress

capital (economics)

property; assets

veteran (attributive); senior; highly experienced
attitude; posture; stance

taste; flavor; feeling

to grow (usually of abstract things); to yield; to develop

to subsidize; to provide financial aid; subsidy

bullet; CL: (), | (), | ()

feeling inferior; self-abased


  gēng shēng
regeneration through one's own effort (idiom); self-reliance

complacent; self-satisfied

letter (of the alphabet); CL: | ()

independent; to act for oneself; autonomous

tracks; trail; footprint; trace; vestige


zōng zhǐ
objective; aim; goal

zǒng ér yán zhī
in short; in a word; in brief


zòng héng
lit. warp and weft in weaving; vertically and horizontal; length and breadth; criss-crossed; able to move unhindered; abbr. for | ( zòng lián héng), School of Diplomacy during the Warring States Period (475-221 BC)

zǒu láng
corridor; aisle; hallway; colonnade; passageway; piazza; veranda

zǒu lòu
to leak (of information, liquid etc); to divulge

to smuggle; to have an illicit affair

to beat up; to break to pieces

to rent; to lease; to hire

sufficient to...; so much so that; so that

to form; to organize; group; team; classifier for sets, series, groups of people, batteries; surname Zu

to obstruct; to hinder; to block; obstruction; hindrance

father's father; paternal grandfather

to stop; to obstruct

to thwart; to obstruct (sth)

zuān yán
to study meticulously; to delve into

zuàn shí
diamond; CL: | ()

zuǐ chún
lip; CL: (piàn)

zūn xún
to follow; to abide by; to comply with; compliance

zūn yán
dignity; sanctity; honor; majesty

zuǒ yòu
left and right; nearby; approximately; attendant; to control; to influence

to practice fraud; to cheat; to engage in corrupt practices

zuò dōng
to act as host

zuò fèi
to become invalid; to cancel; to delete; to nullify

zuò fēng
style; style of work; way

work and rest

zuò yòu míng
motto; maxim

zuò zhǔ
see (zuò zhǔ)